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  • According to the Revolution: The Cuban Revolution in Cuban History and Cuban History in the Cuban Revolution

    Tschudy, James R. (The University of Arizona., 2005)
    This thesis combines the recent historiography on the Cuban Revolution with a theoretical approach to put forth a new mode of analysis for the ideological origin and guide of the Cuban Revolution. The role of Cuban history in the lexicon of the Cuban Revolution has been prominent, and it has provided the ideological background of the Revolution. The leadership's focus on Cuban history makes it organic in the Gramscian sense of organic versus traditional intellectuals. By analyzing the historical narrative with the assistance of the recent historiography, this thesis will show that the leadership of the 1959 Revolution had a blueprint for revolution, as well as a reference to the main obstacles to real change in Cuba: the power of the United States and the segment of the Cuban elite that willingly mortgaged sovereignty for economic and social stability in the vain of Cardoso and Falleto's analysis of dependency theory.
  • Sociocultural perceptions of walkability in Mexican American neighborhoods: Implications for policy and practice

    Ingram, Maia; Adkins, Arlie; Hansen, Krista; Cascio, Vanessa; Somnez, Evren; Univ Arizona, Coll Publ Hlth; Univ Arizona, Coll Architecture Planning & Landscape Architectu (ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2017-12)
  • Postpartum Changes in Mood and Smoking-Related Symptomatology: An Ecological Momentary Assessment Investigation

    Allen, Alicia; Tosun, Nicole; Carlson, Samantha; Allen, Sharon; Univ Arizona, Dept Family & Community Med (OXFORD UNIV PRESS, 2018-06)
    Introduction: Postpartum smoking relapse is a highly prevalent public health problem. Mood and breast feeding are significantly associated with smoking relapse, although less is known about the temporality of these relationships. Therefore, this study utilized ecological momentary assessments (EMA) to prospectively examine changes in mood and smoking-related symptomatology in relationship to three events-childbirth, termination of breast feeding, and smoking relapse. We expected all three events to significantly alter mood and smoking-related symptomatology. Methods: We enrolled a sample of pregnant women who had recently quit smoking and intended to remain quit during the postpartum. Participants were randomized to active/placebo progesterone to prevent postpartum relapse. Participants also completed daily EMA to collect data mood and smoking-related symptomatology as well as our three events of interest. Results: Participants (n = 46) were, on average, 26.5 +/- 0.8 years old and, prior to pregnancy, smoked 10.1 +/- 0.7 cigarettes/day. We noted a number of significant within-and between-subject relationships. For example, participants reported a 24% decline in negative affect after childbirth (p = .0016). Among those who relapsed to smoking (n = 23), participants randomized to placebo had a significant increase in cigarette craving after relapse (beta = 1.06, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.62 to 1.49, p value = .0003), whereas participants randomized to active progesterone did not (beta = 0.63, 95% CI = -0.35 to 1.62, p value = .1824). Conclusions: These observations suggest that mood and smoking-related symptomatology are influenced by childbirth, breast feeding, smoking relapse, and use of exogenous progesterone. Future research should explore how these observations may inform novel postpartum smoking relapse-prevention interventions.
  • MicroRNA Changes in Firefighters

    Jeong, Kyoung Sook; Zhou, Jin; Griffin, Stephanie C.; Jacobs, Elizabeth T.; Dearmon-Moore, Devi; Zhai, Jing; Littau, Sally R.; Gulotta, John; Moore, Paul; Peate, Wayne F.; Richt, Crystal M.; Burgess, Jefferey L.; Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Commun Environm & Policy; Univ Arizona, Mel & Enid Zuckerman Coll Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol & Biostat; Univ Arizona, Genet Core, Arizona Res Labs (LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS, 2018-05)
    Objectives: Firefighters have elevated cancer incidence and mortality rates. MicroRNAs play prominent roles in carcinogenesis, but have not been previously evaluated in irefighters. Methods: Blood from 52 incumbent and 45 new recruit nonsmoking firefighters was analyzed for microRNA expression, and the results adjusted for age, obesity, ethnicity, and multiple comparisons. Results: Nine microRNAs were identified with at least a 1.5-fold significant difference between groups. All six microRNAs with decreased expression in incumbent firefighters have been reported to have tumor suppressor activity or are associated with cancer survival, and two of the three microRNAs with increased expression in incumbent firefighters have activities consistent with cancer promotion, with the remaining microRNA associated with neurological disease. Conclusion: Incumbent firefighters showed differential microRNA expression compared with new recruits, providing potential mechanisms for increased cancer risk in firefighters.
  • Nuclear physics from an expansion around the unitarity limit

    van Kolck, U.; Univ Arizona, Dept Phys (IOP PUBLISHING LTD, 2018)
    Many features of the structure of nuclei can be understood in the unitarity limit, where the two-nucleon S waves have bound states at zero energy. In this limit, the only dimensionful parameter, which is needed for proper renormalization of the relevant effective field theory, is set by the triton binding energy. While the complexity of some many-body systems may stem from a profusion of distinct scales, this one three-body scale is sufficient to generate rich structures already in few-body systems due to the anomalous breaking of continuous to discrete scale invariance. I discuss how the spectra of light nuclei arise from a controlled, perturbative expansion around the unitarity limit. I also present some implications of discrete scale invariance for nuclear matter.

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