Welcome to the UA Campus Repository, a service of the University of Arizona Libraries. The repository shares, archives and preserves unique digital materials from faculty, staff, students and affiliated contributors. Contact us at repository@u.library.arizona.edu with any questions.

Featured submissions

December 2019

  • Master's reports from 2019 graduates of the Master of Science in Geographic Information Systems Technology program are now available in the MS-GIST collection.
  • Senior theses and posters from 2019 graduates of the Sustainable Built Environments program are now available in the SBE Senior Capstones collection.

November 2019

October 2019

  • We celebrated International Open Access Week, October 21-27, by playing "The Game of Open Access" with library colleagues. Visit http://www.openaccessweek.org to learn about other international open access initiatives around the 2019 theme "Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge"
  • Have you heard about the UA Libraries' Open Access Investment Fund? The fund supports initiatives and projects that advance open access. It also supports institutional memberships with specific publishers; UA authors benefit from discounts on article processing charges.
  • The UA Campus Repository has achieved the milestone of making more than 70,000 items publically available. The 70,000th item added to the repository was Bernice Ackerman's Characteristics of Summer Radar Echoes in Arizona, 1956, from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics Scientific Report series.
  • The UA Faculty Publications collection now contains more than 6,000 articles contributed by faculty and researchers under the UA Open Access Policy passed by the UA Faculty Senate.

 

  • (Re)visiting twenty-five years of writing assessment

    White, Edward; Univ Arizona (ELSEVIER SCI LTD, 2019-08-21)
    This reflective essay provides a narrative analysis of the author's perceptions of US writing assessment over the past twenty-five years. Reflections are provided on four communities involved in the instruction and assessment of writing: teachers, researchers, testing organizations, and students. The essay concludes with an identification of trends in reconciling the goals of these four assessment stakeholders.
  • Unplugging or staying connected? Examining the nature, antecedents, and consequences of profiles of daily recovery experiences

    Chawla, Nitya; MacGowan, Rebecca L.; Gabriel, Allison S.; Podsakoff, Nathan P.; Univ Arizona, Eller Coll Management, Dept Management & Org (AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC, 2020-01)
    Research on workplace recovery recognizes that employees must restore lost resources after work to improve their subsequent well-being and performance. Scholars have noted that employees’ recovery experiences—psychological detachment, relaxation, mastery, and control—vary day-to-day, yielding crucial implications for the aforementioned outcomes. Yet, despite these important theoretical and empirical insights, researchers to date have not comprehensively examined multiple daily recovery experiences in conjunction, instead studying the unique effects of only 1 or 2 experiences in isolation. Using a person-centric view of employees’ recovery experiences, the current study examines whether profiles of daily recovery experiences occur for employees, and how these profiles (a) vary in membership from one day to the next, (b) are differentiated by daily job demands and resources experienced at work, and (c) predict employee well-being and discretionary behaviors during the subsequent workday. Using experience sampling data from 207 full-time employees, results revealed 5 profiles of daily recovery experiences that exhibited distinct relations with within-person antecedents and outcomes. As such, the current investigation represents a necessary first step in understanding how employees jointly experience recovery in relation to their daily work and well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved)
  • Validation of the Predicted Heat Strain Model in Hot Underground Mines

    Lazaro, Paloma; Momayez, Moe; Univ Arizona, Dept Min & Geol Engn (SPRINGER HEIDELBERG, 2019-06-27)
    Heat-related illnesses (HRI) are relatively common in both hot surface and underground mining operations. When workers are exposed to extreme heat or strenuous work in a hot environment, they become prone to heat stress. Heat strain is the result of the body's response to external and internal heat stress. It is therefore vital for the conditions leading to heat strain be detected and treated in a timely manner. Heat-related illnesses are manifested by exhaustion and heat stroke. The predicted heat strain (PHS) [ISO 7933 (2004)] model has been developed to predict the health condition of the worker in terms of core body temperature and water loss. The PHS model tested in this study is based on eight physical parameters that are measured at different intervals during a work shift. They include air temperature, humidity, radiation, air velocity, metabolic rate, clothing insulation, posture, and acclimatization. The model predictions are then compared with a direct physiological measurement, such as core body temperature. We present the results of an extensive study that monitored and predicted body's response to heat stress under different environmental and working conditions. The PHS model provided reliable results in most instances in comparison with other prediction methods currently in use in the field.
  • Protein kinase D up-regulates transcription of VEGF receptor-2 in endothelial cells by suppressing nuclear localization of the transcription factor AP2β

    Wang, Ying; Hoeppner, Luke H.; Angom, Ramcharan Singh; Wang, Enfeng; Dutta, Shamit; Doeppler, Heike R.; Wang, Fei; Shen, Tao; Scarisbrick, Isobel A.; Guha, Sushovan; et al. (AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC, 2019-09-06)
    Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF) signals primarily through its cognate receptor VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2) to control vasculogenesis and angiogenesis, key physiological processes in cardiovascular disease and cancer. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs), knockdown of protein kinase D-1 (PKD1) or PKD2 down-regulates VEGFR-2 expression and inhibits VEGF-induced cell proliferation and migration. However, how PKD regulates VEGF signaling is unclear. Previous bioinformatics analyses have identified binding sites for the transcription factor activating enhancer-binding protein 2 (AP2) in the VEGFR-2 promoter. Using ChIP analyses, here we found that PKD knockdown in HUVECs increases binding of AP2β to the VEGFR-2 promoter. Luciferase reporter assays with serial deletions of AP2-binding sites within the VEGFR-2 promoter revealed that its transcriptional activity negatively correlates with the number of these sites. Next we demonstrated that AP2β up-regulation decreases VEGFR-2 expression and that loss of AP2β enhances VEGFR-2 expression in HUVECs. In vivo experiments confirmed increased VEGFR-2 immunostaining in the spinal cord of AP2β knockout mouse embryos. Mechanistically, we observed that PKD phosphorylates AP2β at Ser258 and Ser277 and suppresses its nuclear accumulation. Inhibition of PKD activity with a pan-PKD inhibitor increased AP2β nuclear localization, and overexpression of both WT and constitutively active PKD1 or PKD2 reduced AP2β nuclear localization through a Ser258- and Ser277-dependent mechanism. Furthermore, substitution of Ser277 in AP2β increased its binding to the VEGFR-2 promoter. Our findings uncover evidence of a molecular pathway that regulates VEGFR-2 expression, insights that may shed light on the etiology of diseases associated with aberrant VEGF/VEGFR signaling.
  • Alfvénic velocity spikes and rotational flows in the near-Sun solar wind

    Kasper, J C; Bale, S D; Belcher, J W; Berthomier, M; Case, A W; Chandran, B D G; Curtis, D W; Gallagher, D; Gary, S P; Golub, L; et al. (NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP, 2019-12-12)
    The prediction of a supersonic solar wind1 was first confirmed by spacecraft near Earth2,3 and later by spacecraft at heliocentric distances as small as 62 solar radii4. These missions showed that plasma accelerates as it emerges from the corona, aided by unidentified processes that transport energy outwards from the Sun before depositing it in the wind. Alfvénic fluctuations are a promising candidate for such a process because they are seen in the corona and solar wind and contain considerable energy5-7. Magnetic tension forces the corona to co-rotate with the Sun, but any residual rotation far from the Sun reported until now has been much smaller than the amplitude of waves and deflections from interacting wind streams8. Here we report observations of solar-wind plasma at heliocentric distances of about 35 solar radii9-11, well within the distance at which stream interactions become important. We find that Alfvén waves organize into structured velocity spikes with duration of up to minutes, which are associated with propagating S-like bends in the magnetic-field lines. We detect an increasing rotational component to the flow velocity of the solar wind around the Sun, peaking at 35 to 50 kilometres per second-considerably above the amplitude of the waves. These flows exceed classical velocity predictions of a few kilometres per second, challenging models of circulation in the corona and calling into question our understanding of how stars lose angular momentum and spin down as they age12-14.

View more