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- We're welcoming the Arizona State Museum to the UA Campus Repository, with the addition of the ASM Archaeological Series collection. Content from this series is currently being digitized, and we're excited to announce the public availability of "River of Change: Prehistory of the Middle Little Colorado River Valley, Arizona" at https://repository.arizona.edu/handle/10150/634831. Digitization of this collection is made possible by our colleagues at the University of Arizona Press, Special Collections and the Office of Digital Innovation & Stewardship at the University Libraries, and the Arizona State Museum.
- We celebrated International Open Access Week, October 21-27, by playing "The Game of Open Access" with library colleagues. Visit http://www.openaccessweek.org to learn about other international open access initiatives around the 2019 theme "Open for Whom? Equity in Open Knowledge"
- Have you heard about the UA Libraries' Open Access Investment Fund? The fund supports initiatives and projects that advance open access. It also supports institutional memberships with specific publishers; UA authors benefit from discounts on article processing charges.
- The UA Campus Repository has achieved the milestone of making more than 70,000 items publically available. The 70,000th item added to the repository was Bernice Ackerman's Characteristics of Summer Radar Echoes in Arizona, 1956, from the Institute of Atmospheric Physics Scientific Report series.
- The UA Faculty Publications collection now contains more than 6,000 articles contributed by faculty and researchers under the UA Open Access Policy passed by the UA Faculty Senate.
- OSIRIS-REx Mission Information is now available in the repository through the efforts of UAL Special Collections personnel and the OSIRIS-REx team.
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Assessment of the Crop Water Stress Index and Color Quality of Bur Clover (Medicago polymorpha L.) Under Different Irrigation RegimesRelationship between canopy temperature and soil moisture is important for using the potential of canopy temperature as an indicator of crop water stress. A two-year field experiment was carried out during June to September 2016 and 2017 at the Research Station of College of Agriculture, Darab, Shiraz University, Iran, to determine crop water stress index (CWSI) for bur clover. Irrigation regimes including well-watered [Irrigation according to 100% field capacity (FC)], mild water stress (75% FC), severe water stress (50% FC), and most severe water stress (25% FC) were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications. In 2016, CWSI values showed an increasing trend from June (0.066 in well-watered) to August (0.821 in most severe water stress) as a result of higher vapor pressure deficit (VPD) and depression in canopy-air temperature differences (Tc-Ta). A similar trend was observed in the second year. In both years, by increase in mean temperature from June to August, Tc-Ta differential increased and the highest monthly average value of CWSI for all treatments was obtained in August. By enhancing water stress, the color grading score decreased sharply (from 6 to 3) and stayed constant (2) for August and September. Also, a negative relationship was observed between CWSI and dry matter production (R-2 = 0.88**) and color quality (R-2 = 0.94**). It was concluded that mild water stress (75% FC) with mean seasonal CWSI being ranged about 0.198 to 0.294, without any loss in visual color quality might be the best irrigation regime for bur clover production.
Locality domains and morphological rules: Phases, heads, node-sprouting and suppletion in Korean honorificationKorean subject honorification and Korean negation have both affixal and suppletive exponents. In addition, Korean negation has a periphrastic realization involving an auxiliary verb. By examining their interaction, we motivate several hypotheses concerning locality constraints on the conditioning of suppletion and the insertion of dissociated morphemes (‘node-sprouting’). At the same time, we come to a better understanding of the nature of Korean subject honorification. We show that Korean honorific morphemes are ‘dissociated’ or ‘sprouted,’ i.e., introduced by morphosyntactic rule in accordance with morphological well-formedness constraints, like many other agreement morphemes. We argue that the conditioning domain for node-sprouting is the syntactic phase. In contrast, our data suggest that the conditioning domain for suppletion is the complex X0, as proposed by Bobaljik (2012). We show that the ‘spanning’ hypotheses concerning exponence (Merchant 2015; Svenonius 2012), the ‘linear adjacency’ hypotheses (Embick 2010), and ‘accessibility domain’ hypothesis (Moskal 2014, 2015a, 2015b; Moskal and Smith 2016) make incorrect predictions for Korean suppletion. Finally, we argue that competition between honorific and negative suppletive exponents reveals a root-outwards effect in allomorphic conditioning, supporting the idea that insertion of vocabulary items proceeds root-outwards (Bobaljik 2000).
Coarse muscovite veins and alteration in porphyry systemsCoarse muscovite veins and alteration occur in porphyry copper and porphyry molybdenum-copper systems within the Laramide arc in Arizona, as well as at the Yerington district in Nevada. This work describes coarse muscovite in veins and altered wall rock in porphyry systems in this region and documents mineral assemblages, mineral compositions, spatial and temporal relationships, and hydrogen isotopic compositions. Coarse hydrothermal muscovite is documented in the roots of porphyry Cu +/- Mo systems, as well as in and above the ore bodies in porphyry Mo-Cu systems, and it is compared to coarse hydrothermal muscovite (greisen) in lode Sn-W-Mo systems. Basin and Range extension has exposed coarse hydrothermal muscovite in several Laramide and Jurassic porphyry Cu (+/- Mo) systems, at paleodepths of 3 to 12 km: Miami-Inspiration, Sierrita-Esperanza, Copper Basin (Crown King), Granite Mountain (roots of the Ray porphyry system), Gunnison (Texas Canyon stock), Grayback (Kelvin-Riverside district), Sycamore Canyon, the New Cornelia mine (Ajo district), and two systems in the Yerington district. Muscovite is the dominant mica in these coarse muscovite veins and associated alteration, with common K-feldspar and albite (An(00-)(06)), common accessory hematite, rutile, pyrite, and apatite, and rare accessory chalcopyrite, fluorite, molybdenite, wolframite, and scheelite. Coarse hydrothermal muscovite yields delta D compositions that suggest formation from fluids that are dominantly magmatic-hydrothermal in origin. Whole-rock compositions of coarse hydrothermal muscovite show common gains in K and loss of Ca +/- Na. Coarse muscovite veins and alteration in porphyry copper systems postdate mineralized potassic veins and form too deeply to overlap with shallower acidic forms of alteration (sericitic, advanced argillic). Variation in mineral assemblage, mineral compositions, and mineralization of coarse hydrothermal muscovite correlate with the composition of Laramide stocks. Porphyry Mo-Cu systems contain coarse muscovite alteration assemblages with the highest mineral diversity and trace-element enrichment. Coarse muscovite veins and alteration in porphyry Mo-Cu systems related to stocks ranging from quartz monzonite to granite in composition form at shallower paleodepths and occur within and above the associated orebodies. In contrast, coarse muscovite veins and alteration associated with subalkaline porphyry copper systems occur at deeper levels, in some cases overlapping with the bottom of potassic alteration and the ore body but extending well into the roots of the system in the underlying granitoid cupola. In these latter systems, zones of coarse muscovite alteration typically are poorly mineralized and mineral assemblages are less varied. These characteristics suggest that coarse muscovite-forming fluids are predominately of magmatic-hydrothermal origin and exsolved from late-stage, fractionated magmas of the larger pluton that sourced porphyry stocks and dikes responsible for porphyry copper mineralization. In some instances, however, the exposed coarse muscovite alteration is associated with a petrologically unrelated, commonly more felsic, later intrusion, rather than being related to late exsolution of fluid from the same crystallizing stock or batholith.
Toward a Universal μ-Agonist Template for Template-Based Alignment Modeling of Opioid LigandsOpioid ligands are a large group of G-protein-coupled receptor ligands possessing high structural diversity, along with complicated structure–activity relationships (SARs). To better understand their structural correlations as well as the related SARs, we developed the innovative template-based alignment modeling in our recent studies on a variety of opioid ligands. As previously reported, this approach showed promise but also with limitations, which was mainly attributed to the small size of morphine as a template. With this study, we set out to construct an artificial μ-agonist template to overcome this limitation. The newly constructed template contained a largely extended scaffold, along with a few special μ-features relevant to the μ-selectivity of opioid ligands. As demonstrated in this paper, the new template showed significantly improved efficacy in facilitating the alignment modeling of a wide variety of opioid ligands. This report comprises of two main parts. Part 1 discusses the general construction process and the structural features as well as a few typical examples of the template applications and Part 2 focuses on the template refinement and validation.
Magnetization switching using topological surface statesTopological surface states (TSSs) in a topological insulator are expected to be able to produce a spin-orbit torque that can switch a neighboring ferromagnet. This effect may be absent if the ferromagnet is conductive because it can completely suppress the TSSs, but it should be present if the ferromagnet is insulating. This study reports TSS-induced switching in a bilayer consisting of a topological insulator Bi2Se3 and an insulating ferromagnet BaFe12O19. A charge current in Bi2Se3 can switch the magnetization in BaFe12O19 up and down. When the magnetization is switched by a field, a current in Bi2Se3 can reduce the switching field by ~4000 Oe. The switching efficiency at 3 K is 300 times higher than at room temperature; it is ~30 times higher than in Pt/BaFe12O19. These strong effects originate from the presence of more pronounced TSSs at low temperatures due to enhanced surface conductivity and reduced bulk conductivity.