Competing Information Realities:

Digital Libraries, Repositories, and the Commons

Digital Libraries and the Commons (Rasmussen)

Digital Repositories and the Commons (Coleman)

Scholarly Book Publishing (Hastings)

Scholarly Journal Publishing (Kraft)

Major changes

Information technology: computers and the Internet/Web

Improvements for creation, handling, storage, and retrieval


High journal prices; Services e.g., CrossRef; Pay-per-view

Intellectual property rights (copyright)

Need to retrieve only parts of articles

Scholarly (scientific) journals

Peer-reviewed journals


editorial policy, selecting editorial board members, selecting associate editors and/or referees (gatekeepers) to certify quality and relevance of content, final decisions

Open Access Issues

Electronic submission, electronic review

Electronic manuscript management track submissions

Posting of preprints (before review) and post-prints

Supplemental materials

Benefits of Journals

Acceptance of print publish-or-perish tenure acceptance,

history (inertia), ease-of-use

Whole is greater than sum of its parts (aggregation)

Open Access Issues Revisited (Freebies)

Societies need support (not-for-profits)

Access to scientific results (paid for by citizens)

Commercial publishers management, marketing, economies

of scale, planning, product development; information, like water, perhaps should be free, but, like water, someone must pay for the piping

Publish-or-Perish Syndrome

Promotion and tenure in academia

Increase in size and/or frequency of journals cost to produce

Cost for libraries and/or subscribers

Interdisciplinary journals; More focus e.g., applications vs. theory

Incorporation of technology


Open Access Revisited (More Freebies)

Journal subscription cancellations


Educational uses