• A Common Sense Approach to Defining Data, Information, and Metadata

      Dervos, Dimitris A.; Coleman, Anita Sundaram; Budin, Gerhard; Swertz, Christian (Ergon-Verlag, 2006)
      This is a preprint of a paper published. Dervos, D. and Coleman, A. (2006). A Common Sense Approach to Defining Data, Information and Metadata. Advances in Knowledge Organization: Proceedings of the Ninth International Society for Knowledge Organization 2006 Conference, Vienna. June 2006, Edited by G. Budin and C. Swertz. Berlin: Ergon. Abstract: Many competing definitions for the terms data, information, metadata, and knowledge can be traced in the library and information science literature. The lack of a clear consensus in the way reference is made to the corresponding fundamental concepts is intensified if one considers additional disciplinary perspectives, e.g. database technology, data mining, etc. In the present paper, we use a common sense approach borrowed from the data mining community, which has successfully solved many data processing problems, to selectively survey the literature, and define these terms in a way that can advance the interdisciplinary development of information systems.
    • Naming and Reclaiming Indigenous Knowledges in Public Institutions: Intersections of Landscapes and Experience

      Doyle, Ann M.; Budin, Gerhard; Swertz, Christian; Mitgutsch, Konstantin (Ergon Verlag, 2006)
      Abstract: This paper tells a story of a practitionerâ s experience in a First Nations library and how it shaped a doctoral research project on knowledge organization. It connects the landscape on the edge of a pacific forest to considerations of the impacts of the erasures of Indigenous knowledges by dominant knowledge organization systems and practices. The LIS literature on cultural bias in knowledge organization is reviewed and some ameliorative initiatives described. A theoretical lens conjoins the new sociology of education with analyses by Indigenous governance organizations. The potential of LIS research to contribute to the naming and reclaiming of Indigenous knowledges is highlighted and a proposed research plan to contribute to methodologies for Indigenous knowledge organization is outlined.
    • Uncovering Hidden Clues about Geographic Visualization in LCC

      Buchel, Olha; Budin, Gerhard; Swertz, Christian (Ergon-Verlag, 2006)
      Geospatial information technologies revolutionize the way we have traditionally approached navigation and browsing in information systems. Colorful graphics, statistical summaries, geospatial relationships of underlying collections make them attractive for text retrieval systems. This paper examines the nature of georeferenced information in academic library catalogs organized according to the Library of Congress Classification (LCC) with the goal of understanding their implications for geovisualization of library collections.