• Archiving of Electronic Journals in Physics and Astronomy: Role of Consortia

      Birdie, Christina; Sreeharsha, B.; Pallavi, T.; Kannur, Mahantesh; Salgar, S.; Kumbar, T; Saraf, Veena; Buvakutty, M.; Chand, Prem (Information and Library Network Centre, An IUC of University Grants Commission, 2003)
      Electronic journals unfold their most valuable features when they are inter-linked with other documents, archives and databases. These electronic journals need an archiving system that is based on a global concept. Archiving ensures "continued access indefinitely into the future of records stored in digital electronic form". Archiving system has to be flexible to adopt the new technological generation. The rapid pace at which technology becomes obsolete makes archiving an extremely expensive undertaking. The librarians are more concerned about the archiving of the electronic journals themselves, or getting access to the archives established by the publishers or the aggregators. This paper focuses on the issues related to the archiving of electronic journals in Physics and Astronomy by the publishers, aggregators and the consortia.
    • Indian Digital Library in Engineering Science and Technology (INDEST) Consortium: Consortia-Based Subscription to Electronic Resources for Technical Education System in India: A Government of India Initiative

      Arora, Jagdish; Agrawal, Pawan; Salgar, S.; Kumbar, T.; Saraf, Veena; Buvakutty, M.; Chand, Prem (Information and Library Network Centre, 2003)
      The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has set-up a â Consortia-based Subscription to Electronic Resources for Technical Education System in Indiaâ on the recommendations made by the Expert Group appointed by the ministry. The consortium is named as the Indian National Digital Library in Science and Technology (INDEST) Consortium. The INDEST Consortium has commenced its operation since Dec., 2002 through its headquarters at the IIT Delhi. The Consortium subscribes to full-text electronic resources and bibliographic databases for 38 leading engineering and technological institutions in India including IITs (7), IISc (1), NITs / RECs (17), IIMs (6) and a few other institutions directly funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). While the expenditure on electronic resources proposed for subscription under the consortium for these 38 institutions are being met from the funds made available by the MHRD, the consortium being an open-ended proposition, welcomes all other institutions to join it on their own for sharing benefits it offers in terms of highly discounted subscription rates and better terms of agreement with the publishers. Moreover, beneficiary institutions may also subscribe to additional electronic resources through the consortium that are not being funded by the MHRD. This article introduces the INDEST Consortium, its activities and services.
    • Opportunities for Libraries in Managing and Resource Sharing Through Consortia: A New Challenge for Indian Librarians

      Biswas, Bidhan; Dasgupta, Swapan; Salgar, S.; Kumbar, T.; Saraf, Veena; Buvakutty, M.; Chand, Prem (Information and Library Network Centre, An IUC of University Grants Commission, 2003)
      Discusses briefly the concept and significance of resource sharing in Indian context with a view to justify on the basis of tremendous growth as well as diversity of explicit knowledge, increased users' demands, diminished budgets, galloping prices for subscribing periodicals and purchasing books, etc. Papers suggest that resource sharing is inevitable among libraries and mentions the concepts, the areas and modalities for cooperation through library consortia in the networked information environment. This paper also covers growth as well as points out merits and demerits of library consortia and the future prospect of consortia in Indian scenario.
    • An Overview of the Subject Gateway: Materials Science

      Accanoor, Kalyani; Salgar, S.; Kumbar, T.; Saraf, Veena; Buvakutty, M.; Chand, Prem (Information and Library Network Centre, An IUC of University Grants Commission, Ahmedabad - 380 009, Gujarat (INDIA), 2003)
      The primary objective and functions of libraries have not changed due to computerization. Only, the tools and techniques to achieve these objectives with ease and accuracy have. In the present day the focus is on Electronic Information. Thus it is not only acquiring, sources of information but providing access to information and sharing also. With the Internet, WWW and Information explosion, identification and extraction of information resources is an essential function of all libraries and information centers. The Electronic information sources are rapidly growing and with a wide variety in form and content it takes a lot of time to get the required information. There is thus a need to organize and classify this wide spectrum of information. With this as background, the author has created a web page providing information to not only the internal sources at the Central Library, I.I.T Bombay but also links to external electronic information sources in the field Materials Science.
    • Planning a Consortia Among the Campus Libraries of University of Madras

      Ambuja, R.; Salgar, S.; Kumbar, T.; Saraf, Veena; Buvakutty, M.; Chand, Prem (Information and Library Network Centre, An IUC of University Grants Commission, 2003)
      University Libraries, with the dawn of Internet era, are compelled to provide relevant information essential to its end users within a short span of time either from its in-house holdings or from resources available in other libraries. This could be made possible only by way of Library Consortia (LC). This paper discusses the planning of LC among the major Campus Libraries of University of Madras. It identifies the need, prerequisites, problems and solutions involved in consortia formation.
    • Professional Literature for Indian Universities - A new Initiative by the University Grants Commission

      Kembhavi, Ajit; Kumbar, Tukaram S.; Salgar, S.; Kumbar, Tukaram S.; Saraf, Veena; Buvakutty, M.; Chand, Prem (Information and Library Network Centre, An IUC of University Grants Commission, 2003)
      For some years now, Indian Universities and Colleges have been deprived of access to journals and other professional literature. About two decades ago, University libraries were able to subscribe to a decent number of journals in various subjects. The subscriptions have steadily eroded since funds available to universities have not been able to cover the rising cost of the literature, and today access to journals is all but impossible, except from a handful of major university libraries. It is clear that this trend cannot be reversed in the conventional fashion by providing increased funding. The University Grants Commission (UGC) has recently undertaken a major new initiative called the UGC-INFONET, which seeks to provide high speed internet connections, electronic access to professional literature, and the development of multimedia content to supplement conventional learning and teaching. In the present paper we describe the part of this project which deals with the provision of electronic access to journals and other literature for the University sector. Major organizations like the CSIR, DAE, AICTE etc have set up consortia involving institutes under the aegis of the respective department to have electronic access. The arrangement here involves incremental payments to be made to publishers to supplement an already large print subscription base. This arrangement is not possible for the Universities, since the present subscription base is very poor, and therefore arrangements which involve electronic subscriptions only are being made with publishers. In our paper we will discuss details about the initiative, the novel aspects of the programme, the great benefits that it will bring to the University sector, its present and future relationship with other consortia, and the role of INFLIBNET in the planning and long term implementation of the scheme.