• Action-Research application in Evidence-Based practice for libraries

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007-08)
      Evidence Based Librarianship (EBL) seeks for and promotes the improvement of the librarian practice through the use of the best available evidence. Strongly used in medical contexts, Evidence Based Practice can be an important tool for the development of LIS, if practice is carefully thought and wisely combined with research and theoretical reflection. In order to achieve a state of equilibrium between theories and empirical studies, a qualitative method –action research- may be applied, as a dialogue between abstract ideas and the facts and signs provided by concrete experiences. Through action research, librarians can collect the evidence –using a series of qualitative tools- and use it for building theoretical knowledge in order to improve their work and their profession. From this viewpoint, after putting something into practice they will be able to know whether it worked as expected or not, make any change if it is necessary, and test the whole process again, searching more and new evidence. The method becomes a progressive helix that leads librarians to continuously evaluate their activities and services and improve them according of their final users’ needs. Fitting these ideas in the general context of “Library 2.0” new LIS model and in the particular situation of Social Sciences libraries, the conference briefly introduces some basic ideas on how action research should be employed for collecting and using evidence in LIS.
    • Aplicación de la metodología de investigación-acción en prácticas bibliotecológicas basadas en la evidencia

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007-08)
      La bibliotecología basada en la evidencia (BBE) busca y promueve la mejora de las prácticas bibliotecarias a través del uso de la mejor evidencia disponible. Fuertemente empleada en contextos médicos, la práctica basada en la evidencia puede ser una herramienta importante para el desarrollo de la Bibliotecología y las Ciencias de la Información, siempre que la práctica sea cuidadosamente planeada y combinada con investigación y reflexión teórica. Para lograr un estado de equilibrio entre teorías y estudios empíricos, puede aplicarse un método cualitativo -la investigación-acción- como un diálogo entre ideas abstractas y los hechos y señales logradas a través de experiencias concretas. A través de la investigación-acción, los bibliotecarios pueden recolectar evidencia -usando una serie de instrumentos cualitativos- y usarlas para construir conocimiento teórico, logrando así mejorar su trabajo y su profesión. Desde este punto de vista, después de poner algo en práctica, serán capaces de saber si funcionó como se esperaba o no, realizar cambios si son necesarios, y volver a evaluar el proceso, buscando más evidencia nueva. El método se convierte en una hélice progresiva que conduce al bibliotecario a evaluar continuamente sus actividades y servicios y a mejorarlos de acuerdo a las necesidades de sus usuarios finales. Enmarcando estas ideas en el contexto general del modelo “Biblioteca 2.0” y en la situación particular de las bibliotecas de Ciencias Sociales, la conferencia presenta brevemente algunas ideas básicas acerca de cómo la investigación-acción debería ser empleada para recolectar y usar evidencia en bibliotecología.
    • Aprender sin olvidar: lineamientos de trabajo para la recuperación de tradición oral desde la biblioteca

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2006-09)
      Oral tradition is the knowledge a society perpetuates through spoken means in order to make them reach present and future generations. The richness, complexity and dynamism of these contents, as well as the one of those elements associated to their (re)production, turn them into cultural expressions of an undeniable value. The pressure of written systems and mass media push oral tradition to stand serious threatens to its survival. Even if there are countless institutions of memory management -libraries, archives, documentation centers- working on this non-material heritage, a deep analysis of the real importance of this work is lacking. This paper presents some concepts on oral tradition and its features, exposing the necessary techniques for its collection and stating several questions concerning its future and its relation with librarianship. From a continent where orality played and plays a strong role in the building of popular cultures, it is expected that LIS professionals will develop a more active role in its recovery and spread, in order to not allowing silence to destroy those voices telling their stories from the dawn of time.
    • Call numbers, book numbers and collection arrangements in European library traditions

      Slavic, Aida; UDC Consortium (Ess Ess Pub, 2009)
      Throughout the long history of the library, there have been many examples of methodical approaches to creating techniques, tools and knowledge that contribute to creating the library profession as we know it today. Collection arrangement and book labelling represent skills that are built into the very foundations of librarianship.With the opening of each new library, with collection merging or moving, or when building open access to a collection from scratch, librarians continue to question the methods they inherited. Librarians have to have a good understanding of the details and functions of book labelling in order to make an informed decision on how much of the work required for book labelling and re-shelving can be saved or replaced by other methods of locating and presenting documents.
    • Cuando la memoria se convierte en cenizas: memoricidio durante el siglo XX

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007)
      Breve repaso de los memoricidios (destrucción de memoria, escritos, bibliotecas) más famosos perpetrados a lo largo del siglo XX.
    • Duplication of concepts in UDC

      Buxton, Andrew; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2011-07)
      The paper describes a problem particular to universal knowledge classifications with a disciplinary structure. These types of classification present concepts subsumed to the disciplines in which they are studied and thus have to resolve the problem of concepts being repeated in different fields of knowledge. The author looks into how the impact the repetition of concepts in the UDC disciplinary structure may have on information retrieval. He considers advantages and disadvantages of different approaches in presenting re-used concepts in the scheme.
    • Espinas ocultas: lenguajes documentales, ideologías negativas y revisiones

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (Biblioteca y Archivo Histórico del H. Congreso Nacional de Bolivia, 2005-07)
      Brief analysis of negative ideologies and concepts included in classification languages.
    • Facets in UDC: a review of current situation

      Gnoli, Claudio; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2011-12)
      The author explains some general principles in structuring classifications, in particular the facet as a basic building element of the scheme. The paper provides an overview of structural and presentational elements of facets and how these can be expressed through notational system. The author also analyses the way some broad fundamental facets of concepts are presented in UDC tables, when these are represented by special auxiliaries, and proposes a way of normalising facet presentation so that it becomes consistent and easy to recognize in UDC.
    • Improving African Languages Classification: initial investigation and proposal

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The importance of languages in the UDC is consistent with the significance of linguistic facets for knowledge organization in general. Languages are the main facet category implicated in processes as crucial as the development of the Linguistics class, the organization of national and regional literatures, the categorization of human ancestries, ethnic groupings and nationalities, and the description of the language in which a document is written. Language numbers are extensively used across the entire UDC scheme, and form the basis for a faceted approach in class structuring and number building. For this reason, Common Auxiliaries of Languages (Table 1c) deserve special attention. Upon the completion of the revision of American indigenous languages (2007-2008), it was evident that other language families would benefit from the same careful examination. The next class we are looking to improve is =4, Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Congo-Kordofanian, Khoisan languages. Thus, in 2009 the author has started a research into indigenous languages of Africa. In this paper, the initial research findings for the improvement of the class =4 are presented.
    • International UDC Seminar 2011 “Classification and Ontology”: a report

      Slavic, Aida; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2011-12)
      Report on the 2011 International UDC Seminar, "Classification and Ontology: Formal Approaches and Access to Knowledge", which took place on 19-20 September 2011 in the National Library of the Netherlands (The Hague).
    • Multilingual UDC Summary Online Project: 2009 update

      Slavic, Aida; Overfield, Chris; Riesthuis, Gerhard; Pika, Jiri; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      UDC Summary (udcS) is a selection of around 2,000 UDC numbers intended for free use, training and research of the UDC, and is published as an online database at http://www.udcc.org/ udcsummary/php/index.php. This is the first time in the UDC’s history that the scheme has been made available to any extent for free use in so many languages as a single service. By the end of 2009, this abridged scheme was available in 13 languages and at the time of writing this report there are already over 20 languages online. The UDC Summary is available in languages in which the UDC has never been translated before such as Armenian, Greek, and Hindi.
    • Quebrando el silencio: bibliotecas, archivos y tradición oral

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2006)
      La historia y la cultura de los vencedores y los dominantes son las que permanecen y las que se perpetúan, usando como medio los soportes escritos. La voz de los olvidados, los vencidos y los silenciados raras veces se escucha, y pocas veces trasciende sus ámbitos de producción. Dentro de estos espacios, la tradición oral oficia de principal medio de transmisión, conservando, de boca en boca y de generación en generación, un inmenso patrimonio histórico y cultural compuesto por un número infinito de ideas y experiencias individuales y grupales. Pocas veces considerada como elemento de trabajo por parte de bibliotecas y archivos, la oralidad está siendo reconsiderada a partir del valor dado por organismos internacionales al patrimonio cultural intangible, la diversidad, la identidad, las lenguas amenazadas, las minorías y el multiculturalismo. El artículo presenta algunas consideraciones básicas sobre la temática –desde una perspectiva latinoamericana- y lineamientos generales de trabajo que orienten la labor de recuperación de materiales orales.
    • Round Table “UDC Editorial Perspectives”: a report

      Slavic, Aida; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The Round Table UDC Editorial Perspectives was a one-day meeting for members of the UDC Editorial Team and the UDC Advisory Board organized in The Hague on 28 October 2009 in conjunction with the UDC Seminar 2009 “Classification at a Crossroads: Multiple Directions to Usability”. The meeting was instigated as part of the UDC Consortium efforts to build closer cooperation with UDC specialists and editors of national editions worldwide and to encourage more active involvement and communication between members of the wider UDC editorial team. This was the first face-to-face meeting of the UDC collaborators to which all members of the Advisory Board, the Editorial Team and interested observers were invited to participate.
    • UDC Biology Revision Project: First Stage: Class 59 Vertebrates

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The paper presents and describes the work on the revision of the zoology of vertebrates, which is published in E&C 32 and introduced in UDC MRF 2010. This is the first stage of a larger project of revision, correction and update affecting all tables related to systematics (zoology, botany, microbiology and virology) to be undertaken from 2011-2013. The first part of the paper briefly introduces the current systems of classification of living and extinct beings, and explains how different perspectives with respect to the arrangement of biological entities have been reflected (or not) in the UDC schedules. The second part gives an overview of problems detected in UDC prior to this revision and explains solutions that were implemented in UDC MRF 2010 indicating tools and methods used in this work.
    • UDC Biology Revision Project: Second Stage: Class 58 Botany

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2011-12)
      This text is a brief update on the progress of the revision of biological systematics in UDC that has not had an overall revision for many decades. The first stage of the project, in 2010, included the revision of the taxonomy of vertebrates, and this was completed and published in Extensions and Corrections to the UDC - E&C, 32 (2010). The next stage, completed in 2011, was class 582 Systematic botany, published as the revised table in this issue - E&C, 33 (2011). In this paper, the author of the revised tables provides a brief overview of content organization and presentation in the new schedules and specific information about the revision of Botany.
    • UDC Editorial Workshop, The Hague, 21 September 2011: a report

      Davies, Sylvie; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2011-12)
      UDC Editorial Workshop is a meeting of the UDC Editors and UDC Advisory Board and invited guests. The 2011 workshop took place on 21 September 2011, in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek in The Hague and was attended by twenty participants. The focus of the workshop was on the structural issues of the UDC scheme, in particular with respect to the ongoing faceting of the scheme and the way in which this influences the UDC content revision process.
    • UDC Seminar 2009: an overview

      Slavic, Aida; Cordeiro, Maria Inês; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The International UDC Seminar 2009 “Classification at a Crossroads - multiple directions to usability” took place in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek in The Hague on 29-30 October 2009. It was a truly international event as it attracted 135 delegates from 32 countries comprising librarians, LIS lecturers, researchers, information consultants, Web technologists and indexing specialists.
    • Voces en el silencio

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2006-07)
      Latin American indigenous populations are fragile human miracles, trying to survive and perpetuate their menaced cultural heritage and way of life -including more than 250 languages- under the pressure of a predominantly Euro-American society. Their traditional knowledge is the product of centuries of experiences, and is mainly transmitted through oral and artistic expressions, unstable means mainly based on the correct use of memory. The collection of oral tradition and its management in libraries and archives is not widely spread in Latin America, even if there are some previous experiences on this issue. Oral-archiving techniques and tools have been highly developed and used with other social sectors all around the continent, but native peoples have been longly neglected or even forgotten. Meanwhile, with every old person who dies in the aboriginal communities, a whole library just vanishes. This paper is aimed at presenting a brief introduction to oral archives and indigenous knowledge in Latin America, emphasizing the urgent necessity of designing stronger and wider research policies for libraries, universities and governmental institutions. The author also presents some ideas and proposals, based in his own work (2002-2005) developing a network of libraries with sound collections in indigenous communities in northern Argentina.
    • When memory is turn into ashes: Memoricide during XX century

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007)
      A brief description of the main memoricides (destruction of libraries and memory) happened during the XX century.