• The Transformation Of University-industry-government Relations

      Leydesdorff, Loet; Etzkowitz, Henry (2001)
      A transformation in the functions of university, industry, and government, the â triple helix,â is taking place as each institution can increasingly assume the role of the other. The Triple Helix thesis states that the knowledge infrastructure can be explained in terms of these changing relationships. Arrangements and networks among the three institutional spheres provide input and sustainance to science-based innovation processes. In this new configuration, academia can play a role as a source of firm-formation, technological, and regional development, in addition to its traditional role as a provider of trained persons and basic knowledge.