• Alternative Perspectives in Library and Information Science: Issues of Race

      Peterson, Lorna (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      Since the 1970s, most disciplines and schools of professional studies have developed their areas of curriculum, research, and theory construction by including race and ethnic studies. At the same time, library and information studies has lagged in providing a broader understanding of race and librarianship. Although attempts have been made to fill the racial-understanding gap, most of the work is characterized as exceptional/pioneer biography, with little attention given to broader social constructs of race and racism. This article explores how library and information science education falls short in contributing to the literature on race and racism. The current multicultural movement in library science is to be addressed.
    • Articulating the Unarticulated Element of the Information Science Paradigm

      Higgins, Susan Ellen; Chaudhry, Abdus Sattar (2003)
      Although survey data disclose that traditional content and delivery continue to be stressed, educators still ponder the fact that the new combinations of knowledge, attitudes, and skills in the workplace may require something more of library and information science (LIS) educators. A de-emphasis on traditional content has resulted. Professional education and practice call for multiplicity, academic self-sufficiency, and adjustment to local needs and aspirations. The problem surfaces when students are so exceedingly diverse as to resist common boundary. There is a need for these types of problems to be discussed in light of curriculum changes and for a common boundary in instruction to be defined. Analytical studies to articulate the unarticulated part of the information paradigm may help to conceptualize the information science substance more clearly.
    • A Cluster Analysis of LIS Students in Singapore and Implications for Defining Areas of Specialization

      Khoo, Christopher S.G.; Higgins, Susan Ellen; Foo, Schubert; Lim, Sey-Peng (2004)
      A study of the subject interests of LIS students in Singapore was carried out via a questionnaire survey of students and graduates of the master of science (MSc) information studies program at the Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, as well as survey of applications to the program. Cluster analysis was performed on the questionnaire data. The respondents were clustered based on the elective subjects that they selected in the questionnaires. For both sets of data, two distinct clusters were found - a library-oriented cluster and an information technology (IT)/information management-oriented cluster. In each cluster, further sub-clusters were found that correspond to known specializations in the field. An analysis of the relationship between the clusters and the areas of specialization selected by respondents indicated some ways of improving the areas of specialization defined in the MSc program. The cluster analyses were found to yield useful results and provided a better understanding of the students' interests and how the interests were structured.
    • Continuing Education and the Reinvention of the Library School

      Kevil, L. Hunter (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This article emphasizes (1) librarianship today is a technology-dependent discipline that is driven by technological changes, and (2) libraries will need to adopt a much more business-like model and develop management skills. The author thought the ideas about libraries could be applied to library schools. Accordingly, suggestions were made for library schools: (1) they must change redically, and (2) a commitment to reinvigorated continuing education may represent a good step for them to redefine what it does. Some examples were used to illustrated the ideas.
    • Crying Wolf: An examination and reconsideration of the perception of crisis in LIS

      Dillon, Andrew; Norris, April; Coleman, Anita; Malone, Cheryl (ALISE, 2005)
      Recent discussions of education for library professionals have strongly criticized the state of most Library and Information Science (LIS) schools, which are portrayed as techno-centric, male-dominated, and out of touch with the needs of practitioners. In the present essay we examine the major claims for a new crisis in LIS education and conclude that the data do not support most of the popular criticisms made of this field. Instead, the notion of crisis is best understood as indicative of a moment of change and an opportunity to significantly affect the long-term future of the field.
    • The Cultural Legacy of the "Modern Library" for the Future

      Miksa, Francis (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This discussion focuses on the institutional cultures in which library and information science education finds itself. It concentrates on the general idea of the library and its relation to LIS education. It proposes looking at the library in society as an era-specific phenomenon and discusses the library that people know. The article also looks at three principal aspects of modern library that are being challenged by present circumstances. It dwells on factors that LIS education must consider in order to accommodate the new impression of the library. It reveals the change of modern libraries in three different aspects: its view that its chief cultural legacy lies in the social organization it created, its adoption of heterogeneous normative target populations as a basis for its work, and its dependence on government funding.
    • Do We Need a New Paradigm?

      Weingand, Darlene E. (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This paper reviews a paradigm shift in library science education in the 1950s and advocates another change in the future. This potential change is a response to the advances of information technologies and will be reflected in the curricula of LIS programs. According to the author, such paradigm shifts should happen at different levels, i.e., at the levels of undergraduate degrees, the Masterâ s degree, the PhD, and continuing professional education.
    • The Information Science Programs of the School of Liberal Arts, Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University (STOU), Thailand

      Sacchanand, Chutima; Aman, Mohammed M. (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This article presents the background of Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University, its history, and its major study areas. It goes into some detail about the School of Liberal Arts before concentrating on the Information Science Programs offered by that school. The objectives, qualifications of applicants, and the details of the different Information Science Programs are presented at length. The article then goes on to give a detailed outline of the distance-teaching system as used by STOU. It concludes with a statement as to the unique value of the Information Science Programs offered by STOU.
    • Is There a Text in This Library? History of the Book and Digital Continuity

      Dalbello, Marija (Association for Library and Information Science Education, Arlington, VA, 2002-10)
      This essay argues for the importance of the study of production, distribution, and the cultural impact of texts for digital librarianship. An argument is made for integrating historical viewpoints in coursework that can prepare master's library and information science (MLIS) students for the curatorial aspects of digital librarianship. Several components of that approach are discussed in this essay. Their application in the classroom using a course on American bestsellers which involved collaborative teaching using the Internet as a case study, is presented as well. This paper reveals how book historians may find new roles as interpreters of the transformation of the library, from a logocentric library, which traditionally provides a fixed physical framework within which texts are accessible to users, to a soft library delivered on distributed servers - as a knowledge continuum. The emergence of new modes of textual transmission, the changing concept of the text, and the need to create new social spaces in which texts are collected and used can benefit from an awareness of the production, distribution, and use of text in traditional media environments.
    • Library and Information Science Competencies Revisited

      Buttlar, Lois; Du Mont, Rosemary (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This study ascertains the attitudes of library school alumni regarding the value of including various competencies in an M.L.S. program in order to facilitate curriculum planning. A total of 736 alumni rated a list of fifty-five competencies. Twenty-five percent of alumni had been out of library school less than three years; 60 percent had been out less than ten years. The largest category of respondents is represented by public librarians (39 percent), followed by academic librarians (20 percent), school librarians (19 percent), special librarians (10 percent), and those in nonlibrary settings (12 percent). There was a significant relationship between the type of library course taken during library school and the type of library in which the respondent found employment. Childrenâ s and young adult literature was the most poplar â type of literatureâ course taken. The five competencies ranked most frequently as essential include: knowledge of sources, collection management skills, conducting a reference interview, communicating effectively in writing, and the ability to apply critical thinking skills to library problems. Rating of competencies was also analyzed by beginning librarians. Competencies valued also differed as a function of setting. Findings were compared to those of an earlier study conducted by the authors in 1987.
    • LIS Faculty Research and Expectations of the Academic Culture versus the Needs of the Practitioner

      O'Connor, Daniel; Mulvaney, John Philip (1996)
      Library and information studies (LIS) education may be misreading the academic community's expectations. A program's viability may hinge on a counterintuitive premise, where the academic culture allows each discipline to create its own criteria for its own evaluation. LIS programs may have unwittingly assumed that adopting the scientific mode might gain them currency in the academic realm; yet there is little evidence that LIS programs had the prerequisite infrastructure to compete with a science discipline in terms of sustained funded research, teaching assistant and postdoctoral assistant services, laboratory equipment, and other resources. There is an irony that many LIS students and faculty do not come from the scientific disciplines, and this further inhibits their ability to compete in that arena. LIS program and faculty evaluators have used criteria from the sciences to measure LIS progress and to determine an individual's suitability for promotion. We contend that this application of inappropriate criteria has done unnecessary harm to LIS and the individuals in it. An examination of selected COA self-study responses and other sources indicates that LIS may misread the academic culture because LIS does not appear to be central to university governance. Finally, the waning of LIS's affiliation with libraries may do LIS irreparable harm. LIS's focus may need to be recentered on educating librarians.
    • The M.L.S. Degree: Time for a Two-Year Program?

      Rapple, Brendan A. (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      The author began working by asking a question: how well are library schools preparing students for future participation in the library profession? She thought that one year is not long enough for students to gain what they need to become a library and information science professional. She suggested library schools to undertake a major restructuring of their programs and recommended a two-year M.L.S. program.
    • The Organizational Culture of the Research University: Implications for LIS Education

      Budd, John M. (Association for Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      The organizational culture school of thought is a relatively recent notion in the field of organizational theory and is a response to the perceived shortcomings of other modes of thinking that may miss some important aspects, not just of organizing and the purpose of organizations, but of the real workings of organizations. The organizational culture of the research university is highly complex, because, in part, of the multifarious demands on and activities of the institution. This article examines the culture that pervades the research university, the problematic conflict between the cultures of university and of discipline, the implications of organizational culture for meaning formation and the reduction of uncertainty. Since this is the culture in which many LIS programs exist, the implications of the culture, especially regarding determination of success, are explored.
    • Practitioners and Library Education: A Crisis of Understanding

      Stoffle, Carla J.; Leeder, Kim (Association for Library and Information Science Education, 2005)
      The authors respond to the issues presented in the article "Crying Wolf: An examination and reconsideration of the perception of crisis in LIS education," published in the same issue of the Journal of Education for Library and Information Science.
    • Public Performances and Private Acts

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram (Association for Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      Distance learning using telecommunications technologies holds new and challenging promises for library and information science (LIS) education. Pedagogical, technological, cultural/sociopolitical issues and their impact upon the constituents involved--faculty, accrediting bodies, students, employers and educational administration--need to be systematically studied. Findings of a research project that examined one of the human agencies involved in distance learning, full-time faculty at library schools who have taught LIS courses for graduate credit to distance learners using a telecommunications technology, are reported. The primary research questions were exploratory ones that sought answers about the impact of the distance-learning educational model upon faculty. The methodology used was a mix of written survey, telephone, and direct interview techniques. Faculty perceived that their role changed in the distance-learning model from what it was in the traditional classroom-based model. "Teaching is no longer a private act; it is a public performance." Other findings are that more time is required for class preparation; patterns of interaction and communication between students and faculty are different; technical and managerial skills are needed; sociopolitical issues (such as copyright) need to be addressed; and specific knowledge about learning behaviors within this model is needed. Teaching, in this model, is a complex performance that may conflict with the prevailing organizational culture of both the institution and the academic profession. However, the "critical mass" of a library school teaching faculty (conspicuous for its small size) requires several changes if distance learning is to be pursued successfully, and these are discussed briefly. Salient, early historical points about the Board of Education for Librarianship (BEL, American Library Association), American Association of Library Schools (AALS), forerunner to the Association for Library and Information Science Education (ALISE), and the Gaylord Brothers (New York) financed American Correspondence School of Librarianship (ACSL) are included.
    • A Reminder about Andragogy

      Weingand, Darlene E. (Association fo Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This article summarizes the differences between teaching adults and teaching children. It evaluates the concept of andragogy â a term that describes the teaching of children â in order to conclude the major characteristics of adult learning. It also makes some suggestions for the development of curricula of graduate programs.
    • The Standards Connection

      Upham, Lois N.; Upham, Lois N. (Association for Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      Lois Upham is the Editor of this column: The Standards Connection and the Asociation for Library and Information Science Education representative to the National Information Standards Organization (NISO). This column is based on the October 1995 issue of Information Standards Quarterly, which was received in January 1996; Upham reviews articles from this issue and summarizes the standards work of NISO for the past year. She also notes that the Association for Library and Information Science Education was withdrawing from subsequent NISO membership.
    • The Tenure Process in LIS: A Survey of LIS/IS Program Directors

      Higgins, Susan E.; Welsh, Teresa; University of Arizona School of Information Resources and Library Science; University of Southern Mississippi School of Library and Information Science (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 2009)
      This survey addressed the experience of receiving tenure through the personal narratives of Directors of Library and Information Science Schools in the USA. Fifty-five respondents were asked to rank the emphasis of the variables operating in tenure based on their experience. Participants agreed that the granting of autonomy via tenure was an opportunity to exercise academic freedom. With tenure came the responsibility to contribute as a citizen of both the institutional and disciplinary communities of the profession. The most prominent factor in determining tenure and promotion decisions for LIS faculty is demonstration of research productivity through peer reviewed publications: articles, books and conference proceedings. Teaching and service are also important components of academic life. It was found that collaboration underpinned collegiality and created an environment conducive to research. In turn, the stability and collegiality of a tenured position made the institution work as a teaching and learning environment.
    • What Goes Around? Comes Around?

      Weingand, Darlene E. (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This article points out the importance of discussions about distance-learning quality, formats, and appropriate usage. It addresses some elementary issues, trying to bring up questions and to answer them. Particularly, this article talks how modern technologies play important roles in the design of distance education.