• A methodological perspective on the evaluation of the promotion of university-industry-government relations

      Leydesdorff, Loet (2002)
      Evaluation criteria can be expected to differ with the institutional perspectives in university-industry-government relations. How can one use evaluation for the improvement of the innovative capacity of these networks? Indicators used for the evaluation, can be specified as variables in a model. The model can be used, among other things, to distinguish between intended and unintended outcomes of the practices under study. Institutionalized arrangements generate filters which stimulate innovation selectively. A focus on failures is fruitful for knowledge-based innovation since it allows for the further specification of expectations. The latter can also be turned into research questions.