• Scientific information retrieval behavior: A case study in students of Philosophy

      Tramullas, Jesús; Sánchez-Casabón, Ana I.; University of Zaragoza (Madrid: Univ. Autónoma de Madrid, 2010)
      The behavior and patterns of recovery and processing of digital information by users is a recurring theme in the literature. The study of these behaviors are carried out through observation techniques and analysis of processes, actions and decisions undertaken by users in different situations. This paper presents the data resulting from the study of patterns of recovery and management of reference information of three consecutive courses of a specialized subject. The findings obtained showed a clear difference between patterns of information retrieval and obtained prior to the end of the training process, but there has been a significant change in the ultimate goal of users or appreciable changes in their prospects for application in other environments.
    • Scientific models as "works"

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram (2003-10)
      This 19 slide presentation at ASIS&T Annual Meeting 2003, Long Beach, California discusses how scientific models may be considered as "works" for information retrieval purposes. Bibliographic relationships are used to determine the physical components (the ideational content as instantiations) and faceted conceptual relationships to identify the semantic content of scientific models. Water Quality models with progenitors such as Street and Phelps are briefly discussed. Future research directions include examining the boundaries of models and investigating displays for scientific model learning and use.
    • Scientific Models as Works

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram (2002)
      This paper examines important artifacts of scientific research, namely models. It proposes that the representations of scientific models be treated as works. It discusses how bibliographic families of models may better reflect disciplinary intellectual structures and relationships, thereby providing information retrieval that is reflective of human information seeking and use purposes such as teaching and learning. Two examples of scientific models are presented using the Dublin Core metadata elements.
    • Scientists Comment on Their Libraries: Successes, Shortcomings, and Dreams for the Future

      Vaughan, K.T.L.; Hemminger, Bradley; Pulley, Meredith (2008)
      A survey was conducted of 969 science researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. This long survey concluded with three questions requesting usersâ perceptions of the strengths and weaknesses of the campus libraries, and what single improvement the libraries could make to support scientific research and education. While the scope of these questions was more limited than large-scale surveys such as LibQUAL+TM, the results largely confirmed information from a local implementation of that survey. In addition, an interactive visualization tool was developed to help with analysis of the resulting comments. A summary of the major findings, recommendations for library improvements, and overall conclusions is given.
    • A Scientometric Method to Analyze Scientific Journals as Exemplified by the Area of Information Science

      Boell, Sebastian K. (2007-12)
      ==Background== In most academic disciplines journals play an important role in disseminating findings of research among the disciplinary community members. Understanding a discipline's body of journals is therefore of grave importance when looking for previous research, compiling an overview of previous research and and in order to make a decision regarding the best place for publishing research results. Furthermore, based on Bradford's Law of scattering, one can assume that in order to be able to compile a satisfying overview of previous research a wide range of journals has to be scanned, but also that there are some 'core' journals which are of more importance to specific disciplines than others. ==Aim== This thesis aims to compile a comprehensive master list of journals which publish articles of relevance to Library and Information Science (LIS). A method to rank journals by their importance is introduced and some key characteristics of the disciplines body of journals are discussed. Databases indexing the disciplines journals are also compared. ==Method== The master list of LIS journals was created by combining the journal listings of secondary sources indexing the field's literature. These sources were six databases focusing on LIS literature: INFODATA, Current Contents, Library and Information Science Abstracts, Library Information Science Technology Abstracts, Information Science and Technology Abstracts, and Library Literature and Information Science, the LIS subsection in three databases with a general focus: Social Science Citation Index, Academic Search Premier, and Expanded Academic ASAP, and the listing of LIS journals from the Elektronische Zeitschriften Bibliothek. Problems related to editorial policies and technical shortcomings are discussed, before comparing: predominant publication languages, places of publication, open access, peer review, and the ISI Journal Impact Factors (JIF). Journals were also ranked by the number of occurrences in multiple databases in order to identify 'core' publications. The number of journals overlapping between databases are estimated and a matrix giving the overlap is visualized using multi dimensional scaling. Lastly, the degree of journals overlapping with other disciplines is measured. ==Results== A comprehensive master list of 1,205 journals publishing articles of relevance to LIS was compiled. The 968 active journals are mostly published in English, with one third of the journals coming from the US and another third from the UK and Germany. Nearly 16% of all journals are open access, 11% have a ISIJIF, and 42% are peer reviewed. Fifteen core journal could be identified and a list of the top fourteen journals published in Germany is introduced. Databases have between five to 318 journals in common and the journal collection shows an substantial overlap with a wide range of subjects, with the biggest journal overlap with Computing Studies, and Business and Economics. ==Conclusion== The aim of compiling a comprehensive list of LIS journal was achieved. The list will contribute to our understanding of scholarly communication within the LIS discipline and provide academics and practitioners with a better understanding of journals within the discipline. The ranking approach proved to be sufficient, showing good similarity with other studies over the last 40 years. The master list of LIS journals has also potential use to further research.
    • A Scientometric Study on Buffalo Research in India and Pakistan: A Profile based on CAB Direct Online

      Rathinasabapathy, G; Rajendran, L; Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (e-Science World, 2010)
      This paper intends to observe and compare the R&D output on ‘Buffaloes’ by the researchers in India and Pakistan. The chosen study period is 55 years (1955-2009) and CAB Direct Online is the source database for this research. During the period (1955 – 2009) a total of 9,096 and 706 publications were published by the scientists of India and Pakistan respectively on buffalo research and India is the top producing country with 9,096 papers (92.80%) followed by Pakistan with 706 papers (7.20%). The average number of publications published per year by India and Pakistan were 165 and 12 respectively. The spurt in the literature output of India and Pakistan were reported during 2001-2009 and 1991-2000 respectively. The study also reports the most preferred journals and most productive authors in India and Pakistan. This study also provides an inventory and scientometric dimensions of publications on buffalo research by India and Pakistan.
    • Scoping study of KOS registries

      Tudhope, Douglas (2007-09)
      A 6 month Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC) funded project on a terminology registry scoping study led by UKOLN in collaboration with Glamorgan and OCLC is just starting. This study aims to analyse issues related to potential delivery of a Terminology Registry as a shared infrastructure service within the JISC Information Environment. It will consider how a Registry might support development of terminology and other services within the context of a services oriented environment. The study is briefly outlined along with some previous work in this presentation. The author welcomes input and suggestions.
    • Search Engine : An Effective tool for exploring the Internet

      W.M. Tharanga Dilruk, Ranasinghe (Library, Eastern University of Sri Lanka, 2006)
      The Internet has become the largest source of information. Today, millions of Websites exist and this number continuous to grow. Finding the right information at the right time is the challenge in the Internet age. Search engine is searchable database which allows locating the information on the Internet by submitting the keywords. Search engines can be divided into two categories as the Individual and Meta Search engines. This article discusses the features of these search engines in detail.
    • Search Engine Optimization

      Nardei, Stephanie A. (2004)
    • Searching AHSC Databases with Ovid or OvidWeb

      Stoddard, Mari (1998)
      A synopsis of database searching commands for the Ovid and Ovid Web Platforms
    • Searching the long tail: Hidden structure in social tagging

      Tonkin, Emma; Furner, Jonathan; Tennis, Joseph T. (dLIST, 2006)
      In this paper we explore a method of decomposition of compound tags found in social tagging systems and outline several results, including improvement of search indexes, extraction of semantic information, and benefits to usability. Analysis of tagging habits demonstrates that social tagging systems such as del.icio.us and flickr include both formal metadata, such as geotags, and informally created metadata, such as annotations and descriptions. The majority of tags represent informal metadata; that is, they are not structured according to a formal model, nor do they correspond to a formal ontology. Statistical exploration of the main tag corpus demonstrates that such searches use only a subset of the available tags; for example, many tags are composed as ad hoc compounds of terms. In order to improve accuracy of searching across the data contained within these tags, a method must be employed to decompose compounds in such a way that there is a high degree of confidence in the result. An approach to decomposition of English-language compounds, designed for use within a small initial sample tagset, is described. Possible decompositions are identified from a generous wordlist, subject to selective lexicon snipping. In order to identify the most likely, a Bayesian classifier is used across term elements. To compensate for the limited sample set, a word classifier is employed and the results classified using a similar method, resulting in a successful classification rate of 88%, and a false negative rate of only 1%.
    • The Second MSSRF South - South Exchange Travelling Workshop: 30 October - 6 November 2003, Pondicherry & Tamil Nadu, India

      Nambi, A.Arivudai; Arunachalam, Subbiah (2005)
      The M S Swaminathan Research Foundation (MSSRF) started the South-South Exhange Travelling Workshop for ICT-enabled (Information and Communication Technologies) development practitioners. This report introduces the second workshop held in October-November 2003, including 17 participants from 14 countries. The basic objectives of the workshop include knowledge sharing and interactive learning among the workshop participants, the villagers, and the staff and volunteers of MSSRF. It was designed as a travelling workshop so that the participants have an opportunity to visit various project sites in Pondicherry and Dindugul district to gain a first hand understanding of the impacts of ICT led endeavors and interact with the villagers through focus group discussions and multi-media presentations from various volunteers managing the knowledge centres.
    • Seeking a Core Literature: The Current State of Search Education in Top LIS Schools

      Nicholson, Scott (2005-01)
      This is an ALISE juried paper presented on Thursday, January 13, 2005 in Session 5.3, LIS Course Content & Instructional Issues (Juried Papers), of the 2005 ALISE Conference, Boston, MA. The goal of this study was to gain an understanding of the literature used in generalist search education in LIS programs.
    • Seeking explanation in theory: Reflections on the social practices of organizations that distribute public use microdata files for research purposes

      Robbin, Alice; Koball, Heather (2001-11)
      Public concern about personal privacy has recently focused on issues of Internet data security and personal information as big business. The scientific discourse about information privacy focuses on the crosspressures of maintaining confidentiality and ensuring access in the context of the production of statistical data for public policy and social research and the associated technical solutions for releasing statistical data. This article reports some of the key findings from a smallscale survey of organizational practices to limit disclosure of confidential information prior to publishing public use microdata files, and illustrates how the rules for preserving confidentiality were applied in practice. Explanation for the apparent deficits and wide variations in the extent of knowledge about statistical disclosure limitation (SDL) methods is located in theories of organizational life and communities of practice. The article concludes with suggestions for improving communication between communities of practice to enhance the knowledge base of those responsible for producing public use microdata files.
    • Seizing the moment: Scientists' authorship rights in the digital age (Report of a Study by the American Association for the Advancement of Science)

      Frankel, Mark (2002-07)
      This is a report by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) about the intellectual property responsibilities of scientists as authors. It notes "...scientists, as authors, should strive to use the leverage of their ownership of the bundle of copyright rights, whether or not they transfer copyright, to secure licensing terms that promote as much as possible ready access to and use of their published work."
    • Self-Archiving and the Copyright Transfer Agreements of ISI-Ranked Library and Information Science Journals

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram (2006-01)
      This is a preprint version of a paper submitted to the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. A study of ISI ranked Library and Information Science (LIS) journals (n=52) is reported. The study examined the stances of publishers as expressed in the Copyright Transfer Agreements (CTAs) of the journals towards self-archiving, the practice of depositing digital copies of one's works, preferably in an OAI-compliant open access repository. Results show that 62 % (32) do not make their CTAs available on the open web; 38 % (20) do. Of the 38 % that have CTAs available, two are open access journals. Even among the 20 journal CTAs publicly available a high level of ambiguity exists. Of the 62 % that do not have a public CTA, 40 % are silent about self-archiving. Closer examination augmented by publisher policy documents on copyright, self-archiving, and author instructions, reveals that only five, 10% of the ISI-ranked LIS journals, actually prohibit self-archiving by publisher rule. Copyright transfer agreements are a moving target and publishers appear to be acknowledging that copyright and open access can co-exist in the scholarly journal publishing arena. Given the ambivalence of journal publishers, the communities might be better off by self-archiving in open access archives and strategically building an LIS information commons through a society-led global scholarly communication consortium. The aggregation of OAI-compliant archives and development of disciplinary-specific library services for an LIS commons has the potential to increase the field's research impact and visibility besides ameliorating its own scholarly communication and publishing systems, and serving as a model for others.
    • Self-Archiving and the Copyright Transfer Agreements of ISI-Ranked Library and Information Science Journals

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram (2006-03)
      This paper has been published in the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology (. A study of Thomson-Scientific ISI ranked Library and Information Science (LIS) journals (n=52) is reported. The study examined the stances of publishers as expressed in the Copyright Transfer Agreements (CTAs) of the journals, towards self-archiving, the practice of depositing digital copies of one's works in an OAI-compliant open access repository. 62 % (32) do not make their CTAs available on the open web; 38 % (20) do. Of the 38 % that do make CTAs available, two are open access journals. Of the 62 % that do not have a publicly available CTA, 40 % are silent about self-archiving. Even among the 20 journal CTAs publicly available there is a high level of ambiguity. Closer examination augmented by publisher policy documents on copyright, self-archiving, and instructions to authors, reveal that only five, 10% of the ISI-ranked LIS journals in the study, actually prohibit self-archiving by publisher rule. Copyright is a moving target but publishers appear to be acknowledging that copyright and open access can co-exist in scholarly journal publishing. The ambivalence of LIS journal publishers provides unique opportunities to members of the community. Authors can self-archive in open access archives. A society-led global scholarly communication consortium can engage in the strategic building of the LIS information commons. Aggregating OAI-compliant archives and developing disciplinary-specific library services for an LIS commons has the potential to increase the field's research impact and visibility. It may also ameliorate its own scholarly communication and publishing systems and serve as a model for others. Author's addendum: This preprint incorrectly states that ISI-SSCI was source (p. 9-10). Actual final source was JCR 2004 with SSCI serving as a cross-check.
    • Self-Archiving as an Emergent Scholarly Practice: An Assessment of Self-Archiving in Institutional Repositories

      Xia, Jingfeng; Dalbello, Marija (2007)
      This research focuses on faculty perceptions of repositories to build an understanding of the perceptions that contribute to the success and sustainability of self-archiving in institutional repositories and develop criteria for practice. In addition to identifying the emergent cultures of self-archiving held by the faculty, we develop objective measures of success and sustainability of institutional repositories based on an empirical study of a significant sample of repositories nationwide and internationally.
    • The Self-Organization of the European Information Society: The case of "biotechnology"

      Leydesdorff, Loet; Heimeriks, Gaston (2001)
      Fields of techno-science like biotechnology develop in a network mode: disciplinary insights from different backgrounds are recombined and university-industry relations are continuously reshaped. The ongoing process of integration at the European level generates an additional network of transnational collaborations. Using the title words of scientific publications in five core journals of biotechnology, multi-variate analysis enables us to distinguish between the intellectual organization of the publications in terms of title words (variables) and the institutional structure in terms of addresses of documents (cases). The interaction among the networks in the case of biotechnology documents with European addresses is compared with the document sets with American and Japanese addresses. A complex network system of innovations is sensitive to policy interventions in ways that differ from national systems of innovation.
    • Semantic Indexing and Searching Using a Hopfield Net

      Chen, Hsinchun; Zhang, Yin; Houston, Andrea L. (1998)
      This paper presents a neural network approach to document semantic indexing. A Hopfield net algorithm was used to simulate human associative memory for concept exploration in the domain of computer science and engineering. INSPEC, a collection of more than 320,000 document abstracts from leading journals, was used as the document testbed. Benchmark tests confirmed that three parameters (maximum number of activated nodes, E - maximum allowable error, and maximum number of iterations) were useful in positively influencing network convergence behavior without negatively impacting central processing unit performance. Another series of benchmark tests was performed to determine the effectiveness of various filtering techniques in reducing the negative impact of noisy input terms. Preliminary user tests confirmed our expectation that the Hopfield net algorithm is potentially useful as an associative memory technique to improve document recall and precision by solving discrepancies between indexer vocabularies and end-user vocabularies.