• Library Advocacy in India in the Light of Education for Sustainable Development – Perspectives of an Emerging Economy

      Das, Anup Kumar; Centre for Studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), 2010-08)
      India is considered as a world leader amongst the developing countries in terms of economic sustainability and growth. India also has a growing number of literate population due to rapid expansion of secondary and post-secondary education landscape. However, when it comes to education for sustainable development (ESD), India stands more elitist to serve only privileged sections of population. Indian public library system still remains inadequate to fulfil the huge demands from neo functional literates or lifelong learners who mostly belong to under-privileged sections. ESD is incomplete without having adequate equity-based access to public library system which is an essential component of the ESD concept. Here comes the emergence of strong library advocates in the country. In post-independent India, Indian library associations were engaged in public library legislation in few states of India. The public library legislations in different states were resulted from public library movement in the country. When new generation of library professionals took charge of library associations in the country, a dilution of public library movement and library advocacy across the country is observed. Where leadership of library associations was no more seriously engaged in library advocacy in the country, there was also rare existence of Indian civil societies engaged in library advocacy as well as policy advocacy in the relevant fields. Fortunately, Indian National Knowledge Commission (NKC) was established in 2005 by the Central government which eventually formed a Working Group on Libraries. This Working Group on Libraries along with other related working groups of NKC re-established dialogs with national and state actors and other stakeholders through public consultations. Some civil society organizations also have started focusing on library advocacy, as a part of their engagement in ESD. This paper discusses trajectories of various actors and stakeholders in India who are catching up 'library advocacy' to bridge the knowledge gaps in the country. This paper also analyses impact of Indian government's policy frameworks towards building inclusive knowledge societies and their implications in future library advocacy in India.
    • Library and information career in Malaysia: Aspirations of educators and the reality of the industry

      Jamaludin, Adnan; Hussin, Norhayati; Wan Mokhtar, Wan Nor Haliza; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      This paper discusses the aspirations of library and information science (LIS) educators particularly in the Faculty of Information Management, UiTM. The Faculty of Information Management is the main provider of manpower needs for the library and information science profession in the country. The focus of the discussions is on the development that has taken shape in the Faculty of Information Management, UiTM particularly on the undergraduate library and information science programs. Within that premise, a comparison is made between the aspirations of LIS educators and the reality of the LIS industry particularly in the public sector in the country.
    • Library and information education at Islamic universities in Indonesia: Obstacles and opportunities

      Farida, Ida; Purnomo, Pungki; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      The Library and Information Studies programs at Islamic universities in Indonesia were born from the idealism thought that the advent of globalization era is a reality fact that we have no choice but to face and anticipate it. This is, not only as a challenge toward social culture and social religious for each society group or country, but also as an opportunity for all people to enrich their vision and empower their identity. The establishment of these library studies programs at state Islamic universities in Indone-sia also has a pragmatic background, the real needs of professional librarian provision to fulfill the expectation of people in improving the quality of Islamic educational institutions is very high. It means that the absence of this library and information education, including that is characterized by Islamic lit-eratures, in Indonesia will cause stagnation of our efforts to improve the quality of Islamic educational institutions as a whole. In Indonesia among Islamic universities, which are offering library and informa-tion science program, are Arraniry State Islamic University, Imam Bonjol State Islamic University, Su-nan Kali Jaga State Islamic University and Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University. In general, at least, there are three similar elements in the mission of the library and information program offered in Is-lamic Universities. Firstly, to be involved actively in developing librarianship sciences in Indonesia, spe-cifically related to Islamic sciences. Secondly, to fulfill the needs for professional librarians for all kinds of library, documentation and information centers, especially in Islamic educational institutions like madrasah libraries (Islamic school libraries) and Islamic university libraries. And finally, to apply and anticipate the global development of information technology for improving library services. Our mission in establishing the program of library and information sciences is not only to prepare professional librarians but also to keep in touch with all our stakeholders in the government and private sectors.
    • Library and Information Science Competencies Revisited

      Buttlar, Lois; Du Mont, Rosemary (Association of Library and Information Science Education, 1996)
      This study ascertains the attitudes of library school alumni regarding the value of including various competencies in an M.L.S. program in order to facilitate curriculum planning. A total of 736 alumni rated a list of fifty-five competencies. Twenty-five percent of alumni had been out of library school less than three years; 60 percent had been out less than ten years. The largest category of respondents is represented by public librarians (39 percent), followed by academic librarians (20 percent), school librarians (19 percent), special librarians (10 percent), and those in nonlibrary settings (12 percent). There was a significant relationship between the type of library course taken during library school and the type of library in which the respondent found employment. Childrenâ s and young adult literature was the most poplar â type of literatureâ course taken. The five competencies ranked most frequently as essential include: knowledge of sources, collection management skills, conducting a reference interview, communicating effectively in writing, and the ability to apply critical thinking skills to library problems. Rating of competencies was also analyzed by beginning librarians. Competencies valued also differed as a function of setting. Findings were compared to those of an earlier study conducted by the authors in 1987.
    • Library and Information Science Education in Digital Era

      Majumder, Apurba Jyoti (2007)
      Education for library profession is a revolutionary process. The core of the curricula is the people in relation to the information itself and technology that enable the provision of this information. There is a need to produce library science graduates with sophisticated management and policy and planning skills and the vision to translate core values of today and tomorrowâ s information world. Due to the ongoing developments in information technology sector, the information professionals trained in the latest information handling techniques would also become obsolete after a short time. Hence, the curricula must be reviewed constantly to determine whether the changes are in tune with the present and future job requirements.
    • Library and information science education in South Asia: Challenges and opportunities

      Singh, Jagtar; Wijetunge, Pradeepa; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      All is not good with Library and Information Science (LIS) Education in South Asia. Out of the seven countries in South Asia; India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh have provision for Library and Information Science Education, whereas Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives depend upon outside support for educating and training people for looking after their professional turf. Existing body of literature shows that in India there is a mushroom growth of Library and Information Science Departments. There is no professional accreditation, though institutional accreditation is in place in India. Many departments have failed to respond adequately to the ICT-based developments. Nomenclature of the courses offered has changed but the course contents are not consistent with the nomenclature in many cases. Moreover, these departments are seriously suffering from insufficient infrastructure, inadequate faculty, lack of quality research and document support. The course contents are not informed by the emerging employment opportunities in the corporate sector. Even today, the focus is on technical services. Academic Librarianship and Literature survey in social sciences are the only options offered by majority of LIS Programmes in India. Whereas, the core is still stuck to classification, cataloguing, indexing, and vocabulary control, the emerging themes, such as information literacy, knowledge management, elearning, ICT application, use of networks in teaching, and teaching about networks have not been adequately integrated in the curricula. On the top of it, there is limited Internet connectivity available in these departments. Attitude of authorities is also not that encouraging as these departments, being small, are considered liabilities. Above all, these departments have not, till today, internalized the concept and practice of cooperation and collaboration. Globalization and privatization of LIS education under GATS is another threat to the developing countries as it will lead to competition among the unequal. In fact, LIS education in majority of the departments in South Asia is in shambles.
    • Library and information science education system in Bangladesh: An overall situation

      Islam,, Md. Shiful.; Chowdhury, Mohammed Abu Khaled; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      This study has made an attempt to explore the library and information science (LIS) education system in Bangladesh. This paper also identifies the different levels of LIS education, continuing education and training facilities in Bangladesh. At the same time we have tried to find out the existing problems, which create barriers for quality education as well as professional development. In the conclusion, some necessary recommendations have been given for the development of LIS education system and professional development in Bangladesh.
    • Library and Information Studies Curriculum

      Beheshti, Jamshid (ALA, 1999)
      This exploratory study attempts to map the curricula of the ALA accredited LIS programs to provide a better understanding of the nature of LIS education as is currently prevalent in the United States and Canada. The mapping methodology is based on clustering keywords of individual course titles and course descriptions from each LIS program. Hence, the study provides a relatively accurate snapshot of the curricula through a concept intensity map of the subjects being presently taught in LIS programs. It is hoped that the map will contribute to discussions in designing a more cohesive LIS education.
    • The Library and the Bazaar: Open Content and Libraries

      Hauptman, Greer L. (2008)
      This essay will consider new copyright models in libraries, and how libraries can and should modify their own systems to promote and provide access to open content. It focuses on the reasoning behind supporting new models and methods of distribution, especially with regards to open licenses like Creative Commons, and the resources and systems libraries have developed to provide access to open licensed work. The paper examines the current roles libraries take in promoting Creative Commons and Open Access, and possible future roles, as well as how libraries organize and share open access works and develop relationships with other producing or developing content.
    • Library Book Selection

      Ranganathan, S. R. (Asia Publishing House (Bombay), 1966)
      This is a preliminary and incomplete scan of Library Book Selection, Edition 2, by S.R. Ranganathan. Assisted by M. A. Gopinath. Edition 1 was published in 1952. This book discusses each of the five laws of library science in the context of book selection. The incomplete chapters are: Part H, J, K, L and Index) and they will be uploaded shortly. This is a title in the dLIST Classics project. © Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science (SRELS). Permission for non-profit use granted by SRELS. To purchase reprints of this work, please visit Ess Ess Publications at http://www.essessreference.com/.
    • The Library Catalogue in a Networked Environment

      Delsey, Tom (the Library of Congress, 2000)
      This paper provides an overview of how technology has changed the relationships between the library catalogue, the catalogue user, alternative sources of bibliographic data, and the resources described in the catalogue. It looks--from a technical perspective--at what those changes mean for the way we support various interfaces to the catalogue, and it highlights changes in approach that will be needed in order to maintain and enhance the effectiveness of those interfaces in an evolving networked environment.
    • Library Consortia: A Step forward the Information Society

      Bedi, Shalu; Sharma, Kiran; Mahajan, Preeti; Vohra, Ranjana; Chakravarty, Rupak (Twenty First Century Publications, Patiala, 2008)
      The increasing price of electronic journals, indexing and abstracting databases along with the traditional published print subscriptions has forced library community to explore alternative means of subscription. The emergence of library a very promising development in this direction. The Phenomenon of consortia or group of libraries maintaining information resources together has become very common these days, In India, during last few years we witnessed many consortia based subscription. This paper briefly discusses the concept, need, advantages and also the major consortia initiatives in India.
    • Library Education, Southeast Asia and Simmons

      Oyler, Patricia G. (2005)
      A presentation at the 2005 ALISE Conference, Session 5.1, titled Collaborative Projects between LIS Schools in Different Countries (12 slides). It describes how the LIS program at Simmons has contributed to the development of LIS education and library profession in Southeast Asia (including China). The history and current status of the relationship between Simmons LIS program and Southeast Asian library schools/libraries is introduced; and, this presentation outlines the major milestones as well as some important projects that Simmons has conducted in helping library professionals and educators of Southeast Asian countries (especially Vietnam) set up their own systems. It also pinpoints a great potential for the development of the relationship.
    • Library Provision to the Tamil Community in Singapore

      Ilangovan, Malarvele; Higgins, Susan Ellen (2003-01)
      This study explores the provision of public library services to the Tamil Community through the National Library Board of Singapore's system of public libraries. Results of the study are analyzed and implications for services deduced through focus group interactions and researcher observations. The study concludes that improvement is needed in collections, facilities, programming, and services, particularly in the area of provision to young people. Focus group participants also propose an Internet portal in Tamil. Many indicate that the library could, through facilitating the reading and use of the Tamil language, help in promoting the usage of the Tamil language in Singapore. The recognition of Tamil as a national language of Singapore has given the Tamils intrinsic satisfaction because the language provides them with a living link to their ethnic culture. They believe the library can help them regain their cultural identity and also assist them in repositioning themselves positively in Singaporean society. The contribution of this study to the professional literature is the idea of cultural identity being central in public library services to special user groups.
    • Library provision to the Tamil community in Singapore

      Ilanogovan, Malarvele; Higgins, Susan E.; Nanyang Technological University Singapore School of Communication and Information; University of Arizona School of Information Resources and Library Science (LIBRES: Library and Information Science Electronic Journal, 2003)
      This study explored public library provision to the Tamil Community in Singapore using a focus group methodology. Results of the study were analysed and implications for the library services for the Tamil community in Singapore outlined. Improvement is needed in collections, facilities, programming and services, particularly in the area of provision to young people. Among other suggestions, the participants proposed an Internet portal in Tamil. Many indicated that the library could help in promoting the usage of Tamil language in Singapore through facilitating the reading and use of the Tamil language. Participants perceived this as vital to preserve the Tamil culture in Singapore and ensure its survival as part of the country’s unique cultural heritage in the future. The Tamil language among the other Indian languages has been given official status in Singapore, and this recognition of Tamil as a national language has given the Tamils intrinsic satisfaction. The language provides them with a living link to their ethnic culture. They believe the library can help them regain their cultural identities and also assist them in repositioning themselves well in Singaporean society. The contribution of this study to the professional literature is the idea of cultural identity being central in public library services to special user groups.
    • Library Science Studies in Latin America and the Caribbean: A Numerical and Interpretative Approach

      Rodríguez, Adolfo (2005-01)
      This is a juried paper presentation (of 21 slides) in Session 2.2 â International Programs & Students (Juried Papers), on Wednesday Jan. 12, at the 2005 ALISE Conference. The history and current situation of LIS education in Latin America and the Caribbean is presented. The traditions of European and U.S. LIS educations as well as UNESCO's Programs have influenced the development of latin educational systems. However the policies of regional authorities have contributed to the shaping and re-shaping of LIS programs in these areas.
    • Library services for distance learning students and faculty

      Stewart, Cheryl (2005-03)
      This Microsoft Powerpoint presentation (of 20 slides) was presented at the Learning Resources Association of the California Community Colleges (LRACCC) North-South Meetings on February 15 at San Francisco City College and on March 11 at Coastline Community College. Cheryl Stewart is Virtual Librarian, Cosatline Community College and she discusses how distance learning is changing library services in the community colleges. A distinction is made between virtual, digital, and electronic librarians and library services in these modes. References are embedded and urls to useful electronic resources and tools are included.
    • Licensing for Open Access materials: the current workflow of academic libraries and future prospects

      Peck, Roxanne (2008-11)
      The evolution of libraries into the digital age has brought about a multitude of issues regarding rights and usage of electronic library materials. In the past, the traditional library model simply involved dealing with the physical book or journal. The rights regarding this material traditionally fell within the realm of the fair use copyright clause. The proliferation of purchased and free electronic resources available for immediate use by library patrons has dramatically changed the traditional academic library landscape through the use of licensing of resources by creators of Open Access (OA) content and publishers. The licensing workflows in the library can present opportunities for the academic libraries to play an important role.
    • Life Sciences Research in India: A Profile Based on Biosis 1998

      Arunachalam, Subbiah (2001-11)
      Life sciences research in India is mapped based on papers published in 1998 and indexed in Biosis Biological Abstracts. The findings are compared with those of an earlier study covering the years 1992-1994. There were 8352 papers in all, and these were published in more than 1080 journals. About 55% o'f life science papers were published in 75 Indian journals and more than 82% of papers were published in journals of impact factor less than 1.0. The two areas in which the largest numbers of papers were published are Agriculture and Biochemistry and molecular biophysics. While most agriculture papers had appeared in journals of impact factor zero or less than 1.0, many Biochemistry and molecular biophysics papers were published in journals of moderate to high impact factors. There has been a tendency over the years to publish papers in journals of higher impact factor. Close to 59% of papers were published by academic institutions, much less than the 64.5% in 1992-1994. This decline in research in academic institutions needs to be addressed. This report was prepared by the M.S. Swaminathan Research Foundation and was submitted to NISSAT, Department of Scientific & Industrial Research Government of India, New Delhi in November 2001.
    • A Linguistic Analysis of Question Taxonomies. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 56(7), 715-728.

      Pomerantz, Jeffrey (2005-05)
      Recent work in automatic question answering has called for question taxonomies as a critical component of the process of machine understanding of questions. There is a long tradition of classifying questions in library reference services, and digital reference services have a strong need for automation to support scalability. Digital reference and question answering systems have the potential to arrive at a highly fruitful symbiosis. To move towards this goal, an extensive review was conducted of bodies of literature from several fields that deal with questions, to identify question taxonomies that exist in these bodies of literature. In the course of this review, five question taxonomies were identified, at four levels of linguistic analysis.