• Academic Libraries in India: a Present-Day Scenario

      Mahajan, Preeti; Bolin, Mary K.; Eckwright, Gail Z. (Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP), 2005)
      Education aims to impart knowledge and makes good citizens. Libraries are the repositories of knowledge and form an integral part of education. Libraries have a long history, starting with the chained and closed-access libraries of earlier times to the present-day hybrid, digital, and virtual libraries that use the latest technology for provision of information through various services. Accordingly, librarians have also changed from storekeepers who were concerned with protection of books against theft, mutilation, and pilferage, to that of information officers, navigators, and cybrarians who find themselves in the vast ocean of reading material and are busy in satisfying their clients who want anytime and anywhere information. With the advent of computers, the nature of libraries has changed dramatically. Computers are being used in libraries to process, store, retrieve and disseminate information. As a result, the traditional concept of library is being redefined from a place to access books to one which houses the most advanced media including CD-ROM, Internet, and remote access to a wide range of resources. Libraries have now metamorphosed into digital institutions. Gone are the days when a library was judged by its quantitative resources. Today, libraries are surrounded by networked data that is connected to a vast ocean of Internet-based services. Moreover, electronic resources relevant to the professions are developing at an unprecedented pace. Academic libraries are considered to be the nerve centres of academic institutions, and must support teaching, research, and other academic programmes. The situation in academic libraries of India is the same as that of academic libraries the world over; however, Indian libraries must provide maximum information with limited resources.
    • Information Literacy in the Knowledge Society: Empowering Learners for a Better Tomorrow

      Chakrvarty, Rupak; Mahajan, Preeti; Vohra, Ranjana; Chakravarty, Rupak (Twenty First Century Publications, Patiala, 2008)
      We are finding ourselves in a rapidly growing and complex digital environment which has in turn increased our dependency on information. But there is increasing evidence that our information skills are not keeping pace in any systematic fashion. We all need help to sharpen the techniques and skills to manage information. Present paper is an attempt to present the current status of information literacy and the emerging roles of libraries and schools of LIS education in augmenting the information literacy campaign.
    • Library Consortia: A Step forward the Information Society

      Bedi, Shalu; Sharma, Kiran; Mahajan, Preeti; Vohra, Ranjana; Chakravarty, Rupak (Twenty First Century Publications, Patiala, 2008)
      The increasing price of electronic journals, indexing and abstracting databases along with the traditional published print subscriptions has forced library community to explore alternative means of subscription. The emergence of library a very promising development in this direction. The Phenomenon of consortia or group of libraries maintaining information resources together has become very common these days, In India, during last few years we witnessed many consortia based subscription. This paper briefly discusses the concept, need, advantages and also the major consortia initiatives in India.
    • Open Source Software and Libraries

      Randhawa, Sukhwinder; Mahajan, Preeti; Vohra, Ranjana; Chakravarty, Rupak (Twenty First Century Publications, 2008)
      Open source software is, software that users have the ability to run, copy, distribute, study, change, share and improve for any purpose. Open source library softwareâ s does not need the initial cost of commercial software and enables libraries to have greater control over their working environment. Library professionals should be aware of the advantages of open source software and should involve in their development. They should have basic knowledge about the selection, installation and maintenance. Open source software requires a greater degree of computing responsibility than commercial software. Library professionals do not think seriously about the advantages of open source software for automation and hence are reluctant to use it. They do not have the expertise to support open source software. Paper highlights major open source library software.
    • OpenCourseware: Learning Beyond Classroom

      Chakrvarty, Rupak; Kaur, Sukhdeep; Mahajan, Preeti; Vohra, Ranjana; Chakravarty, Rupak (Twenty First Century Publications, Patiala, 2008)
      OpenCourseWare is an innovative and bold idea. It aims to support learning and teaching programme significantly. Learning material contained in an OCW provides learners an opportunity to gain knowledge beyond their routine classroom environments. These are in the digital form which can be accessed online, thus breaking the barriers of time and distance. Indian academics can play a significant role in creating OCW materials for the students to propagate the teaching and learning process diluting the limitations of traditional educational setup and begin a new culture of "Learning Beyond Classroom". The present study aims to sensitize the teachers and learners about the potentials of the OCWs. It presents a proposal for creating an "Indian OCW Consortium" at different levels. Also discusses the challenges and issues in establishing such an OCW project.