• Administrative policy as symbol system: Political conflict and the social construction of identity

      Robbin, Alice (Sage Publications, 2000-12)
      Standards for Maintaining, Collecting, and Presenting Federal Data on Race and Ethnicity, formerly known as Statistical Policy Directive 15, is a classification system that governs the U.S. government's collection and presentation of data on race and ethnicity. The directive underwent a public evaluation between 1993 and 1997 to determine whether the racial and ethnic group categories should be revised. This article links theories of the role of the state in the social order and the social construction of identity to explain how conflictual political processes modify administrative policy. Two narratives on the debates over the reclassification of "Native Hawaiians" and the addition of a "multiracial" category illustrate recent political conflicts over group identities established by state agencies. The author argues that the main explanation for administrative policy changes was the responsiveness of state agencies to political demands of significantly mobilized groups with claims to state resources.
    • Building a cooperative digital libary with open source software

      Babini, Dominique (Sage Publications, 2006-05)
      Even though Latin America is one of the developing regions with excellent regional cooperative bibliographic databases, which is mainly due to the common use of Spanish and Portuguese in countries of the region, access to the printed documents mentioned in the bibliographies is a privilege for a very few. Very slowly Internet is being introduced as a regular service for students, professors and researchers working in Latin American academic institutions, as well as being introduced as a platform for e-publishing and offering digital library services to users. In this context of growing e-publishing and digital libraries initiatives to provide open access to research results, CLACSO (an academic network gathering 173 social science research institutions from 21 countries of Latin America and the Caribbean) decided to build a cooperative digital library with open source Greenstone software to facilitate integrated access to full-text books, articles, papers and working documents of its member institutes.