• Academic Libraries in India: a Present-Day Scenario

      Mahajan, Preeti; Bolin, Mary K.; Eckwright, Gail Z. (Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP), 2005)
      Education aims to impart knowledge and makes good citizens. Libraries are the repositories of knowledge and form an integral part of education. Libraries have a long history, starting with the chained and closed-access libraries of earlier times to the present-day hybrid, digital, and virtual libraries that use the latest technology for provision of information through various services. Accordingly, librarians have also changed from storekeepers who were concerned with protection of books against theft, mutilation, and pilferage, to that of information officers, navigators, and cybrarians who find themselves in the vast ocean of reading material and are busy in satisfying their clients who want anytime and anywhere information. With the advent of computers, the nature of libraries has changed dramatically. Computers are being used in libraries to process, store, retrieve and disseminate information. As a result, the traditional concept of library is being redefined from a place to access books to one which houses the most advanced media including CD-ROM, Internet, and remote access to a wide range of resources. Libraries have now metamorphosed into digital institutions. Gone are the days when a library was judged by its quantitative resources. Today, libraries are surrounded by networked data that is connected to a vast ocean of Internet-based services. Moreover, electronic resources relevant to the professions are developing at an unprecedented pace. Academic libraries are considered to be the nerve centres of academic institutions, and must support teaching, research, and other academic programmes. The situation in academic libraries of India is the same as that of academic libraries the world over; however, Indian libraries must provide maximum information with limited resources.
    • Academic Library Code of Ethics

      Nelson, Shawn T. (2003-11)
      This Code of Ethics intends to promote activism on the part of the librarian to advance intellectual freedom and access issues to the community. Libraries are in danger. The danger lies in a few specific areas: in the accessibility of information via the Internet so people do not feel they need to come to a library for information; privacy violations by the government in the name of security; low pay which drives potential librarians to the private sector in search of higher paying jobs; a sense of atrophy in the administration of libraries; rising costs and the corporatization of libraries; and the pressure to compete with retail bookstores in customer service and other quantifiable measures. (Roberto and West, 2003) Librarians must do whatever they can, no matter how small or large the contribution, to fight for their rights and the rights of patrons. Activism is most commonly believed to be picketing, marching, and petitioning; things that are seen on the nightly news. But librarians can be activists on a much more simple level. By becoming a member of every organization in their particular field, reading as much related material as possible, and simply being aware of what is going on in our profession, librarians can become a much more powerful group of professionals.
    • The Academic Library Meets Web 2.0: Applications & Implications

      xu, chen (2007)
      This study proposes a new vision of Academic Library 2.0 based on Web 2.0 applications. A survey of the academic libraries on Long Island, New York will be conducted to find out: 1) What Web 2.0 applications have been actually used in academic libraries, and 2) What implications Web 2.0 would bring to academic libraries. Finally, this study intends to suggest a framework of Academic Library 2.0 according to the survey and related literature.
    • Afghanistan Digital Library Initiative: Revitalizing an Integrated Library System

      Han, Yan; Rawan, Atifa (2007-12)
      This paper describes an Afghanistan digital library initiative of building an Integrated Library System (ILS) for Afghanistan universities and colleges based on open source software. As one of the goals of the Afghan eQuality Digital Libraries Alliance, the authors applied systems analysis approach, evaluated different open source ILS, and customized the selected software to accommodate users' needs. Improvements include Arabic/Persian language support, user interface changes, call number label printing and new ISBN-13 support. To our knowledge, the ILS is the first big academic libraries in the the world running on open source software.
    • Aigaion: A Web-based Open Source Software for Managing the Bibliographic References

      Jose, Sanjo; Jayakanth, Francis (Department of Library and Information Science, University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, India, 2008)
      Publishing research papers is an integral part of a researcher's professional life. Every research article will invariably provide large number of citations/bibliographic references of the papers that are being cited in that article. All such citations are to be rendered in the citation style specified by a publisher and they should be accurate. Researchers, over a period of time, accumulate a large number of bibliographic references that are relevant to their research and cite relevant references in their own publications. Efficient management of bibliographic references is therefore an important task for every researcher and it will save considerable amount of researchers' time in locating the required citations and in the correct rendering of citation details. In this paper, we are reporting the features of Aigaion, a web-based, open-source software for reference management.
    • Application of the Cantor Set Theory in making Decisions about the Collections Development

      Pérez-López, Ana; Moneda-Corrochano, Mercedes; Moros-Ramirez, Angel; López-Huertas, M. José (Ergon Verlag, 2002)
      [English abstract] The procedures by which library collections can be evaluated are quite diverse, and some are rather complex. The Cantor Set Theory is applied with a structuralist approach as a methodological aid to decision-making about the collections development. The methodology suggested here makes use of local holdings information based on an evaluative study of the Spanish university library collections.
    • Are virtual reference services color blind?

      Shachaf, Pnina; Horowitz, Sarah (Elsevier, 2006-12)
      This study reports an experiment that examines whether librarians provide equitable virtual reference services to diverse user groups. The relative absence of social cues in the virtual environment may mean greater equality of services though at the same time greater inequalities may arise as librarians can become less self-aware online. Findings indicate that the quality of service librarians provide to African Americans and Arabs is lower than the quality of service they provide to Caucasian, Hispanic, Asian, and Jewish students. This study adds to the knowledge of subjective bias in the virtual environment by specifying those that are discriminated against online, identifying the kinds of discriminatory actions of virtual reference librarians, and identifying the type of queries that more frequently result in unbiased service.
    • ARL 237: A Bimonthly Report on Research Library Issues and Actions from ARL, CNI, and SPARC

      Barrett, Jaia; Barrett, Jaia (ARL, 2004-12)
      This is issue 237, December 2004. "ARL is the bimonthly report on research library issues and actions from ARL (Association of Research Libraries), CNI (Coalition of Networked Information), and SPARC (Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition). ARL reports on current issues of interest to academic and research library administrators, staff, and users; higher education administrators and faculty; information technologists and those who depend on networked information; as well as anyone concerned with the future of scholarly communication or information policy developments." TABLE OF CONTENTS Libraries and Changing Research Practices: A Report of the ARL/CNI Forum on E-Research and Cyberinfrastructure by Diane Goldenberg-Hart, Communications Coordinator, Coalition for Networked Information [PDFâ see pages 1-5] SCHOLARLY COMMUNICATION The Development of an Open Source Publishing System at Cornell and Penn State Universities by Terry Ehling, Director of Electronic Publishing at Cornell University Library [PDFâ see pages 6-7] SPARC Presents Workshop on Institutional Repositories [PDFâ see page 7] Balancing Stakeholder Interests in Scholarship-Friendly Copyright Practices by Julia Blixrud, Assistant Executive Director, External Relations, ARL, and Assistant Director, Public Programs, SPARC [PDFâ see page 8] OLMS INFORMATION SERVICES Library Services in Non-Library Spaces excerpted from ARL/OLMS SPEC Kit 285 by Gordon Aamot, Head, Arts, Architecture, and Business Libraries, and Steve Hiller, Head, Science Libraries/Library Assessment Coordinator, University of Washington [PDFâ see page 9] ARL ACTIVITIES ARL Membership Plans for the Future [PDFâ see page 10] Preserving Audio Collections: Action Plan Developed [PDFâ see page 11]
    • ARL Annual Salary Survey 1998-99

      Association of Research Libraries, ARL (1999)
      This report contains salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries between 1998 and 1999.
    • ARL Annual Salary Survey 1999-2000

      Association of Research Libraries, ARL (2000)
      This report contains salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries between 1999 and 2000
    • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2000-2001

      Association of Research Libraries, ARL (2001)
      This report contains salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries between 2000 and 2001.
    • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2001-2002

      Association of Research Libraries, ARL (2002)
      This report contains salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries between 2002 and 2003.
    • ARL Annual Salary Survey 2002-2003

      Association of Research Libraries, ARL (2003)
      This report contains salary data for all professional staff working in ARL libraries between 2002 and 2003.
    • An Assessment of Access and Use Rights for Licensed Scholarly Digital Resources

      Eschenfelder, Kristin R.; Benton, Ian (ACM/IEEE, 2006)
      This is a preprint of a paper to appear in the Proceedings of the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2006. This research in progress investigates how technological protection measures are used on collections of licensed digital scholarly resources. It describes the range and variation in access and rights restrictions embedded in the technological protection measures; and, it analyzes whether observed access and use restrictions were described in acceptable use statements or resource licenses.
    • Biometric Applications in Library and Information Centres: Prospects and Problems

      Rathinasabapathy, G.; Mohana Sundari, T.; Rajendran, L.; Jagdish, Arora; A.P., Gakhar; Prem, Chand; K, Prakash; Rajesh, Chandrakar (INFLIBNET Centre, 2008)
      Biometrics is the science of measuring physiological or behavioural characteristics that verify a personâ s identity. Biometric identification refers to a technology that uses scanned graphical information from many sources for personal identification purposes viz., fingerprint identification, iris identification, retinal identification, hand geometry, hand, palm, and wrist subcutaneous vein pattern identification, signature identification, voice identification, keystroke dynamics identification, facial feature identification, body salinity (salt) identification, body odor identification, and ear identification. The biometric technology helps the libraries to ensure safety and security to its invaluable collections, infrastructure and human resources. It is a known fact that libraries are not always safe and secure places and they are facing a wide variety of security concerns which includes the theft, mutilation of library materials and other unethical losses. But, it is the duty of the librarian to keep the library buildings, shelves and stacks open and free without losing items to make available or putting individuals at unacceptable risk from the malicious, avaricious or senseless acts of others. Further, the LIS professionals are now handling huge database, provide access to online journals and web-enabled online public access catalogues in the networked digital environment where there are a lot of scope for compute /cyber crimes. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to ensure better safety and security to the library collections, equipment and staff. In this regard, the biometric technology is a boon for the LIS professionals as it provides a single point of control for administrators to manage access to library resources such as computers, buildings, doors, the Internet, and software applications. In this context, this paper attempts to study the various types of biometric applications available for LIS centres, its prospects and problems as well.
    • Body of professional knowledge required for academic librarians in Japan

      Nagata, Haruki; Toda, Shin'ichi; Itsumura, Hiroshi; Koyama, Kenji; Saito, Yasunori; Suzuki, Masanori; Takahashi, Noboru; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      This paper explores the body of professional knowledge for academic librarians by researching library staff in Japanese colleges and universities. The research was undertaken in two ways. Initially 23 focus-group interviews were conducted at eight academic libraries from 2003 to 2005. Secondly a paper survey was carried out in 2004. Both of these targeted the whole body of the library staff, ranging from the chief librarian to junior staff. The authors have identified the knowledge and skills required for todayâ s academic librarians and learning opportunities that they preferred. The body of professional knowledge and skills revealed through the analysis of the outcomes of the research is presented here.
    • Changing reference service environment: A review of perspectives from managers, librarians, and users

      Rieh, Soo Young (Elsevier B.V., 1999)
      This is a preprint of an article published in the Journal of Academic Librarianship 25(3), pp. 178-186. This article reviews the literature on academic library reference service, and examines changes in the traditional reference desk model. Based on the review from the perspectives of managers, librarians, and users, new research directions are proposed in which usersâ information-search processes and librariansâ intervention in reference service are integrated.
    • Closed Captioning: A Coordinated state-wide initiative

      Moreau, Joseph (2005-03)
      This Microsoft Powerpoint presentation (of 15 slides) was presented at the Learning Resources Association of the California Community Colleges (LRACCC) North-South Meetings on February 15 at San Francisco City College and on March 11 at Coastline Community College. Joseph Moreau is Dean of Academic Information Serivces at MiraCosta College, Oceanside. Moreau presents the current situation with media captioning: State & Federal law require media used in public education to be captioned. But the problem is that many of the California Community College (CCC) Libraries hold a significant number of uncaptioned titles. With LRACCC's leadership Moreau is spearheading an initiative to start a state-wide program that will provide captioning in an easier and more economical manner for the CCCs. The presentation outlines all aspects of the proposal that have been identified thus far (who, what, when in broad strokes) and readers are encouraged to send feedback.
    • Collaborations between Research Libraries and University Presses

      Ho, Adrian K. (2008)
      This is the summary of a study about the collaborations between research libraries and university presses. The study was conducted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Association of Research Libraries' 2007/08 Leadership and Career Development Program.
    • Comparative study of staff development in academic libraries of Mainland China and Hong Kong

      Woo, Mei Wa Esther; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      The aim of this study is to conduct a comparison between the staff training and development (T & D) of academic libraries in Mainland China and Hong Kong -- two systems developed under fast-changing cultural, political and socio-economic environments in the past century. This paper argues that socio-economic, cultural and technological changes are pushing the development of academic library systems in the two regions towards convergence. The comparison identifies differences and similarities in staff T & D policies and practices of academic libraries in the two regions, as well as the contributing factors. The analysis is supported by the results of a survey conducted by the author in 2005. It concluded that the two systems share similar concerns and problems in many aspects, and one of the major contributing factors may be the size of the library.