• Academic Libraries in India: a Present-Day Scenario

      Mahajan, Preeti; Bolin, Mary K.; Eckwright, Gail Z. (Library Philosophy and Practice (LPP), 2005)
      Education aims to impart knowledge and makes good citizens. Libraries are the repositories of knowledge and form an integral part of education. Libraries have a long history, starting with the chained and closed-access libraries of earlier times to the present-day hybrid, digital, and virtual libraries that use the latest technology for provision of information through various services. Accordingly, librarians have also changed from storekeepers who were concerned with protection of books against theft, mutilation, and pilferage, to that of information officers, navigators, and cybrarians who find themselves in the vast ocean of reading material and are busy in satisfying their clients who want anytime and anywhere information. With the advent of computers, the nature of libraries has changed dramatically. Computers are being used in libraries to process, store, retrieve and disseminate information. As a result, the traditional concept of library is being redefined from a place to access books to one which houses the most advanced media including CD-ROM, Internet, and remote access to a wide range of resources. Libraries have now metamorphosed into digital institutions. Gone are the days when a library was judged by its quantitative resources. Today, libraries are surrounded by networked data that is connected to a vast ocean of Internet-based services. Moreover, electronic resources relevant to the professions are developing at an unprecedented pace. Academic libraries are considered to be the nerve centres of academic institutions, and must support teaching, research, and other academic programmes. The situation in academic libraries of India is the same as that of academic libraries the world over; however, Indian libraries must provide maximum information with limited resources.
    • Biometric Applications in Library and Information Centres: Prospects and Problems

      Rathinasabapathy, G.; Mohana Sundari, T.; Rajendran, L.; Jagdish, Arora; A.P., Gakhar; Prem, Chand; K, Prakash; Rajesh, Chandrakar (INFLIBNET Centre, 2008)
      Biometrics is the science of measuring physiological or behavioural characteristics that verify a personâ s identity. Biometric identification refers to a technology that uses scanned graphical information from many sources for personal identification purposes viz., fingerprint identification, iris identification, retinal identification, hand geometry, hand, palm, and wrist subcutaneous vein pattern identification, signature identification, voice identification, keystroke dynamics identification, facial feature identification, body salinity (salt) identification, body odor identification, and ear identification. The biometric technology helps the libraries to ensure safety and security to its invaluable collections, infrastructure and human resources. It is a known fact that libraries are not always safe and secure places and they are facing a wide variety of security concerns which includes the theft, mutilation of library materials and other unethical losses. But, it is the duty of the librarian to keep the library buildings, shelves and stacks open and free without losing items to make available or putting individuals at unacceptable risk from the malicious, avaricious or senseless acts of others. Further, the LIS professionals are now handling huge database, provide access to online journals and web-enabled online public access catalogues in the networked digital environment where there are a lot of scope for compute /cyber crimes. Therefore, it is absolutely necessary to ensure better safety and security to the library collections, equipment and staff. In this regard, the biometric technology is a boon for the LIS professionals as it provides a single point of control for administrators to manage access to library resources such as computers, buildings, doors, the Internet, and software applications. In this context, this paper attempts to study the various types of biometric applications available for LIS centres, its prospects and problems as well.
    • Collaborations between Research Libraries and University Presses

      Ho, Adrian K. (2008)
      This is the summary of a study about the collaborations between research libraries and university presses. The study was conducted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Association of Research Libraries' 2007/08 Leadership and Career Development Program.
    • Conception et réalisation d'un Système d'Information sur la Formation Documentaire - SINFODOC.

      Sicot, Julien (2006)
      [EN]: In the higher education, the information literacy knows an unquestionable popularity. However, few quantitative and qualitative elements make it possible to draw up an assessment of it. In view of this report, FORMIST and the ADBU wished the creation of a repertory which would make it possible to count the data of academic libraries on the formation, to update them and to draw some elements for statistical analysis. The purpose of this report is to expose the approach taken by the author to conceive and carry out this program. -------- [FR]: Dans l'enseignement supérieur, la formation à la maîtrise de l'information connaît un engouement certain. Toutefois, peu d'éléments quantitatifs et qualitatifs permettent d'en dresser un bilan. Face à  ce constat, FORMIST et l'ADBU ont souhaité la création d'un répertoire qui permettrait de recenser les données des Services Commun de Documentation sur la formation, de les mettre à  jour et d'en tirer des éléments pour analyse statistique. Ce mémoire a pour but de communiquer la démarche entreprise par l'auteur pour concevoir et réaliser cette application.
    • Interpreting Workplace Learning in Terms of Discourse and Community of Practice

      Ho, Adrian K. (2004)
      Based on the ethnographic data collected from the workplace of an academic library, I argue that workplace learning (WL) is a situated socio-cognitive process. It is expedited by knowledge management (KM), which is a collective effort to generate, share, and institutionalize work-related knowledge. KM is inherent in the face-to-face conversational interactions embedded in planned formal training, planned informal sharing, and spontaneous informal learning. When face-to-face interaction is not possible, KM is accomplished through textualization. It helps the members of the workplace acquire new work-related knowledge and integrate it to their common, contextualized knowledge base. The contents of the knowledge base are manifested in the membersâ professional practices and explicated by their professional/communal discourse. By virtue of their distinctive practices and discourse, the members form a community of practice (CoP) and gain their professional/communal identity. Whenever they engage in KM, perform their practices, and/or use their discourse, they authenticate their professional/communal identity and enact their CoP.
    • Performance measurement of quality services in academic and research libraries in India

      Sherikar, Amruth; Jange, Suresh; Sangam, S.L.; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      A National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has been established in India for quality and excellence in higher education. NAAC has developed set of objective indicators for the library, as it is the fulcrum of support for the community of academic and research pursuits. This has resulted in a general consensus for rising demands for evaluation and accountability of academic and research librar-ies to develop performance evaluation and measure service quality. For this study, a total of 1200 questionnaires were distributed to the user community of ten university libraries of Karnataka, India, of which 768 (64%) were duly received from students, research scholars and faculty members. The quality dimensions in the light of SERVQUAL viz., Reliability, Responsiveness, Assurance, Access, Communication, Tangibles, Empathy and Security have been applied and the results indicate that the service quality dimensions of reliability, responsiveness, assurance, access, communication and tangibles applied to university libraries in Karnataka are found to be satisfactory to a little extent based on the scale techniques. The study suggests several areas for future research and for collaboration among li-brary managers, educational administrators, scholars and measurement theorists towards improving the performance of library and information system in India to meet the high standards of service quality in libraries to serve the users with utmost care and diligence.
    • Servicios bibliotecarios para la comunidad universitaria = Library Services for the academic community

      Merlo Vega, Jose Antonio (Sí­ntesis, 2005)
      University libraries are conceived as services providers entities. In the next paragraphs they will study the characteristics that identify the different informative and bibliographic services which are developed from universities, as the standardisation that affects these universities, which is reflected in university regulations. Services of the university libraries have been included in national and international guidelines, that they are presented in this chapter too. It is important to offer a systematized vision of the possible services that an university can offer from its library and therefore a detailed description of the different university library services will be done. Universities and libraries are orientating their management forward telematic models, offering new services or adapting the existing ones; It is because a last epigrafe about electronic services that are offered by university libraries is included. Las bibliotecas universitarias están concebidas como entidades prestadoras de servicios. En los siguientes párrafos se estudiarán las características que identifican a los distintos servicios informativos y bibliográficos que se desarrollan desde las universidades, así como la normalización que afecta a estas actividades, que es reflejada en los reglamentos universitarios. Los servicios de las bibliotecas universitarias han sido recogidos en directrices nacionales e internacionales, que también se presentan en este capítulo. Es importante ofrecer una visión sistematizada de los posibles servicios que una universidad puede ofrecer desde su biblioteca y, por este motivo, se realizará una detallada descripción de los diferentes servicios bibliotecarios universitarios. Las universidades y sus bibliotecas están orientando su gestión hacia modelos telemáticos, ofreciendo nuevos servicios o adaptando los ya existentes; por este motivo, se ha incluido un último epígrafe en el que se desarrollan los servicios electrónicos que las bibliotecas universitarias prestan.