• Bacon, Warrant, and Classification

      Olson, Hope A.; Breitenstein, Mikel (dLIST, 2004)
      Warrant, in classification, is encompassed in the Oxford English DictionaryiÌ s definition: "justifying reason or ground for an action, belief, or feeling." Classifications may be deemed good or bad on the basis of any number of characteristics, but the justification for their choice and order of classes or concepts is one of the most fundamental. This paper will introduce the notion of warrant used by Francis Bacon in his classification of knowledge, discuss its uniqueness within the panoply of classificatory history, and suggest that Bacon still has a radical idea to suggest to todayiÌ s classificationists.
    • Balancing Copyright Privileges in Law Journal Publication Agreements: An Empirical Study

      Keele, Benjamin J. (2009-09)
      This study examines forty-nine law journal publication agreements and finds that a minority of journals ask authors to transfer copyright. Most journals also permit author to self-archive articles with some conditions. The study recommends journals make their agreements publicly available and use licenses instead of copyright transfers.
    • The Basis for Bibliomining: Frameworks for Bringing Together Usage-Based Data Mining and Bibliometrics through Data Warehousing in Digital Library Services

      Nicholson, Scott (2005-05)
      Preprint - For final version, see Nicholson, S. (2006). The basis for bibliomining: Frameworks for bringing together usage-based data mining and bibliometrics through data warehousing in digital library services. Information Processing and Management 42(3), 785-804. Over the past few years, data mining has moved from corporations to other organizations. This paper looks at the integration of data mining in digital library services. First, bibliomining, or the combination of bibliometrics and data mining techniques to understand library services, is defined and the concept explored. Second, the conceptual frameworks for bibliomining from the viewpoint of the library decision-maker and the library researcher are presented and compared. Finally, a research agenda to resolve many of the common bibliomining issues and to move the field forward in a mindful manner is developed. The result is not only a roadmap for understanding the integration of data mining in digital library services, but also a template for other cross-discipline data mining researchers to follow for systematic exploration in their own subject domains.
    • BC2 classes for phenomena : an application of the theory of integrative levels

      Gnoli, Claudio; Curwen, Tony (Bliss classification association, 2005-09)
      Discusses classes 4/6, for phenomena treated in a multi-disciplinary way, in the Bliss Classification 2nd edition, and relates them with the studies on application of the theory of integrative levels by the Classification Research Group. Suggests that disciplines and phenomena can coexist in an "accordion-like" classification scheme.
    • Behavioural complexity theory of media selection: A proposed theory for global virtual teams

      Shachaf, Pnina; Hara, Noriko (2007)
      This study proposes a behavioural complexity theory for media selection in global virtual teams. This theory captures multiple contingencies into one holistic approach to media selection. Unlike existing linear and mechanistic theories of media selection, this heuristic theory moves away from the universal models that were previously proposed. The behavioural complexity theory assumes ambiguity and complexity of the media selection process in a nonlinear, organic, and holistic way. Behavioural complexity theory of media selection emphasizes the role of media repertoire, the ability of individuals to differentiate situations according to multiple contingencies, and their flexibility to effectively use multiple media in any particular situation. This theory is examined in a context of exploratory case study of global virtual teamsâ media selection in one of the leading fortune 500 corporations.
    • Behind the Web site: An inside look at the production of Web-based textual government information

      Eschenfelder, Kristin R. (2004)
      This paper describes an exploratory, multisite case study of the production of textual content for state agency Web sites. The qualitative field study explored internal agency Web staff characterizations of textual Web content and staff perceptions of factors affecting the production of content. Study results suggest that staff characterize content in terms of its format, its style age, its rate of change, its degree of change, its owner, and the degree to which it is sensitive. Staff described nine factors affecting content production including information intensity, public education mission, public inquiry burden, top-down directives, existing maintenance burden, review and approval process, resources, management interest and goals, and support from other program staff. A better understanding of how internal agency staff perceive and treat content is important because staff play a large role in determining what content is produced and what characteristics the content contains. The inclusion or exclusion of certain characteristics in content has important implications for information usability, costs, citizen participation in agency policymaking, government transparency, and public trust in government.
    • Better consistency of the UDC system moving Medicine from section 61 to section 4

      Benito, Miguel; Cordeiro, Maria Inês (UDC Consortium, 2007)
      Over 45 years ago it was decided to move the class 4 for Language to the section 8 together with Literature. Since then class 4 has not been used. A recent master thesis at the school of librarianship in Boras , â UDC, A Proposal to Basic Class 4â by Fredrik Hultqvist, (Magisteruppsats; 2006:39) proved the possibility of moving Medicine from the section 61 to the empty class 4. This is not a new idea, but has never been implemented. Reasons are given to support this proposal, based on the need to find a better collocation of the subject while at the same time providing a solution for shorter notations.
    • Beyond Aboutness: Classifying Causal Links in the Service of Interdisciplinarity

      Gnoli, Claudio; Jenkins, Leslie Gail "Rick"; Breitenstein, Mikel; Loschko, Cheryl Lin (2009)
      Most scholarship, and almost all interdisciplinary scholarship, involves the investigation of causal relationships among phenomena. Yet existing classification systems in widespread use have not focused on classifying works in terms of causal relationships. In order to allow all users interested in a particular causal link to readily find (only) all relevant works, it is necessary to develop a classification of phenomena such that each phenomenon occurs in only one place, and a classification of the sort of relationships that exist among phenomena. Such a classification would be of huge benefit to interdisciplinary scholars, and would also be useful for disciplinary scholars. In particular it will enhance the rate of discovery of "undiscovered knowledge".
    • Beyond Interdisciplinarity, Interactivity, and Interoperability: Some Options for DL Education

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram (2005-06)
      This is a presentation delivered at the Developing a Digital Libraries Education Program Workshop on June 7th held in conjunction with the Joint Conference on Digital Libraries 2005, June 7-11 at Denver, CO. It is based on Coleman's paper titled Beyond Interdisciplinarity, published in D-Lib Magazine, 2002. The D-Lib paper discussed how interdisciplinarity was used as the primary strategy to develop a Knowledge Organization track at the School of Information Resources & Library Science at the University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ. Besides highlighting some aspects of the paper, the presentation also draws on two other papers published in D-Lib Magazine "Interactivities" and "Interoperability" to show how the three concepts (interdisciplinarity, interactivity, and interoperability) are being used to teach SIRLS students, involve library practitioners in LIS education, and run a digital repository while providing SIRLS MLS students with an immersive digital library theoretical learning + research & development skills + practical experience. Other ideas presented include: book culture, digital culture, and the concept triangle (concept formation from psychology & linguistics). The DL Education workshop was funded by IMLS and organized by Indiana University & University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign as part of their IMLS DL project. URL: http://www.jcdl2005.org/workshops.html#0
    • Beyond Language Barriers: A Survey of Current Online Library Systems and LIS Education

      Ha, YooJin (2005-01)
      This is a juried paper presentation (of 35 slides) in Session 1.4 - LIS Curriculum: Global Perspectives (Juried Papers) on Tuesday, January 11, at the 2005 ALISE Conference in Boston, Massachusetts. A survery on the use of online library systems with different languages is discussed. The fundamental premise of the survey imagines a world where all ideas count the same, no matter what languages are used and no matter what country the person comes from. Research questions, methodological design, and actual investigations, alongside the discussions of survey findings, are presented. The survey found that the trends of globalization have greatly facilitated easier access to information but there are language barriers in information access, especially for multilingual users. The presentation also explores the relationship of these lanaguage access issues to LIS education.
    • Beyond retrieval: A proposal to expand the design space of classification

      Feinberg, Melanie; Tennis, Joseph T. (dLIST, 2007)
      In information science, the creation of classification schemes has been more commonly described in the mode of scientific discovery, as opposed to artifact design. From the literary warrant of Hulme to the terminological warrant of the Classification Research Group (CRG), to Hjorlandâ s domain analysis, the classificationist seems like one who documents and compiles, and not one who actively shapes design. Outside of information science, however, classification is used as an active argument to structure interpretations (in linguistics and philosophy) and as a means of coordinating and imposing order on work practices (in studies of information systems). In this paper, I suggest that classification researchers should investigate a wider variety of design possibilities, in which the purpose of a classification is not assumed to be a retrieval tool in the traditional manner. A consequence of an expanded design space is that standard classification manuals and guides become insufficient support for the design process; a new research area might be the facilitation of problem-setting aspects of classification design. One avenue of possible research involves the description of a design language, following the description of such by Lowgren and Stolterman (2004) and Donald Schon (1983). A design language, which might be operationalized as a set of product qualities, might provide a framework by which designers can better understand, evaluate, and create classifications.
    • Beyond usability: process, outcome and affect in human-computer interactions

      Dillon, Andrew (2002-08)
      The present paper reviews the general usability framework that has dominated discussion in the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) and finds it wanting. An alternative view of the important determinants of user experience of interactive devices is presented with examples.
    • Bibliographica (Issue 1)

      Ferrucci, Kate; Thomsen, Skye; Schanilec, Gaylord; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Thomsen, Skye (2005-01)
      The first issue of Bibliographica (Winter 2005) features Kate Ferrucci introducing her People to People Press, Gaylord Schanilec recounting a visit to the Minnesota Historical Society rare books collection, Skye Thomsen launching her California printing column, and fine press news (focused on Oak Knoll Fest XI).
    • Bibliographica (Issue 2)

      Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2005-04)
      The second issue of Bibliographica (Spring 2005) featured Julie Russell-Steuart introducing her Caveworks Press [blacked out due to absence of permission for online archiving], a few thoughts spurred by Kat Ran Press's ephemera club, and an overview of the fine press collections at the University of Minnesota.
    • Bibliographica (Issue 3)

      Henry, John G.; Schanilec, Gaylord; Hardesty, Skye; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2005-07)
      The third issue of Bibliographica (Summer 2005) features John G. Henry introducing his Cedar Creek Press, Gaylord Schanilec reviewing the latest production from Anik See's Fox Run Press, and Skye Hardesty writing about the relationship between Ricky Jay and his favorite printer Patrick Reagh.
    • Bibliographica (Issue 4)

      Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye; Russell, John; Vickers, Sarah; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2005-12)
      In the fourth issue of Bibliographica (Fall 2005), Sarah Vickers writes about the social connections that make the world of private presses so enjoyable. There are also reviews of books from Caveworks Press and Press on Scroll Road as well as coverage of fine press news in "Seen and Heard."
    • Bibliographica (Issue 5)

      Bornstein, Dean; Schanilec, Gaylord; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2006-05)
      The fifth issue of Bibliographica features Dean Bornstein describing the history of his Perpetua Press (as well as lovely pictures of his press and workshop) and Gaylord Schanilec reviewing a recent work produced by Regula Russelle.
    • Bibliographica (Issue 6)

      Walp, Robert; Wilkins, Grant; Hardesty, Skye; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2006-12)
      The Winter 2006 issue of Bibliographica features Robert Walp describing the inspirations that led to his founding of Chester Creek Press, an overview of the Ottawa Book Arts Fair 2006 by Grant Wilkins, and an appreciation of Tom Killion's work by Skye Hardesty.
    • Bibliographica (Issue 7)

      Wilkins, Grant; Coxford, Richard; Taylor, Andrea; Swanick, Eric; Russell, John; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2007-04)
      This issue of Bibliographica is devoted to fine printing in Canada and features articles on the Canadian Bookbinders and Book Artists Guild, Cheshire Cat Press, Cotton Socks Press, and the special collections at Simon Fraser University.
    • Bibliographica (Issue 8)

      Attwood, Mark; Thompson, Larry; Russell, John; Homo, Kira; Hardesty, Skye (2007-08)
      In the Fall issue of Bibliographica, Larry Thompson (Greyweathers Press) describes his first forays into fine printing and Mark Attwood celebrates fifteen years of The Artists' Press.