• The landscape of international computing

      Roche, E.M.; Goodman, S.E.; Chen, Hsinchun; Yovits, M.C. (1992)
      The landscape of international computing is highly diverse from country to country, reflecting national differences and cultures. In addition, developments at the international level such as the post-war liberalization of international trade, and the activities of the ITU, UNESCO, the IBI, WIPO and other international organizations have done much to aid the global proliferation of information technology. However by the end of the 198Os, the world system was centralized in terms of innovation and manufacturing of information technology, and actions taken to rectify this inequality between nations were ineffective. Dependency theory, development theory and structuralism have all made contributions to understanding the effects of this global inequality and nation states have responded to this inequality according to both their economic status and their relative place within the worldwide system of innovation, manufacturing, and utilization of information technology. They have responded by throttling the supply of information technology with in their borders, its geographic reach and its applications range. These actions, combined with the undlerlying economic development of the nation state, help explain the vast differences and variations we find in information technology around the world -- they help to explain the landscape of international computing. Much empirical research needs to be done to more fully understand these variations.
    • "Latest News": EPrints Meets Web 2.0

      Coleman, Anita Sundaram; Roback, Joseph (2007-01)
      This is a presentation at the Open Repositories 2007 Conference, San Antonio, Texas, January 2007. A key Web 2.0 tenet is that users add value and expand the usefulness of the software. EPrints, originally envisioned as software for building a digital repository, is now being extended in many ways by its users. We report on the development of â Latest Newsâ a small feature, we added to our EPrints-2.0 based archive, dLIST. Latest News is wildly popular as a social networking tool with the dLIST communities. dLIST is a disciplinary, cross-institutional archive for the Information Sciences with about 10 editors who connect the fragmented communities in the related areas. It has become obvious that a News module that is more blog-like whereby multiple editors can post News to stay in touch with their respective communities would greatly enhance our efforts to grow active users for the repository. We have now developed Latest News as an EPrints 3.0 plug-in. Scholarly behavior, including self- archiving, varies by discipline but services/features such as News may help all scholars to see themselves as active participants not just in repository growth and use but also its design and software development. The plug-in is available from the Eprints Registry and dLIST and feedback is welcome.
    • Latin America and the Caribbean Social Science Virtual Libraries Network. (Open access to full-text social science publications from Latin America and the Caribbean: the case of CLACSO´s virtual libraries network)

      Babini, D (2005)
      Emerging trends in academic e-publishing and e-libraries in Latin America and the Caribbean are more related to particular problems in the region -reduced number of copies printed, inter-library loans nearly nonexistent among cities and countries due to postal costs, discontinuity in library collections- than to the dynamics of the international academic editorial business. This presentation describes how CLACSO, an academic network gathering 168 social science research institutions from 21 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, is working towards a cooperative portal for open access to full-text publications of CLACSO´s network in support of education and research.
    • Leadership roles for information professionals

      Koenig, Michael; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      The salient feature for the analysis of leadership roles for information professionals is the emergence and more importantly the permanence of KM, Knowledge Management.
    • Learning On Location Curriculum and International Contexts

      Giannini, Tula (2005-01)
      This is a presentation (of 10 slides) on Tuesday January 11, 2005 in the session sponsored by the Curriculum SIG titled "Preparing Students for the International Information Society: Studying the Global Context in LIS" at the 2005 ALISE Conference, Boston, MA. The experiences of the students and the instructor in the first Summer Institute in Florence-2004 "Florentine Art and Culture, Resources and Documentationâ offered by Pratt-SILS are candidly discussed. As part of this course students had access four libraries in Florence: Uffizi, the Biblioteca Nazionale, the Medici and Harvard's Berenson Library. Cultural Informatics is explored.
    • Legal and Policy Framework for Promoting Equitable Access to Documentary Heritage: Report Submitted to UNESCO by National Mission for Manuscripts, India

      India, National Mission for Manuscripts; Krishnaswamy, Sudhir; Gopalakrishnan, Sudha; Das, Anup Kumar (UNESCO, 2008-05)
      The National Mission for Manuscripts of India, in association with UNESCO, completed a research study to assist in the development of legal and policy framework and protocols for promoting equitable access to documentary heritage, relevant to India and other South Asian countries. Entitled Legal and Policy Framework for Promoting Equitable Access to Documentary Heritage, the study seeks to accurately identify and critically examine the legal and policy framework for promoting equitable access to documentary heritage. The National Mission for Manuscripts is the most important institution in India dealing with bibliographic databases and the conservation and preservation of valuable manuscripts. The study covers the legal and policy framework which envelops the lifecycle of the Mission's work: access to manuscripts, their digitisation and creation of databases. By critically examining the legal rules in the practical context of the Missionâ s work, the research team has put together the first review of an initiative aimed at the protection of Indian traditional knowledge. The study illustrates working patterns of the Mission within the legal and policy framework of the country. It is a helpful sourcebook for understanding South Asian legal and policy framework for accessing documentary heritage collections. While the study does not set out to be the final word on these policy initiatives, it definitely makes significant progress in the policy debate and legal literature in this field. The conclusions presented in the form of draft legal agreements and policy recommendations will, with no doubt, be valuable tools for South Asian countries that share similar legal and policy framework within the sub-region.
    • Letter to the Editor: The special competency of information specialists

      Hjørland, Birger (2002)
      Presents shortly 11 specific approaches to domain analysis, which is claimed together define the specific competencies of information specialists. The approaches are 1. Producing and evaluating literature guides and subject gateways, 2. Producing and evaluating special classifications and thesauri, 3. Research on and competencies in indexing and retrieving information specialties, 4. Knowledge about empirical user studies in subject areas, 5. Producing and interpreting bibliometrical studies, 6. Historical studies of information structures and services in domains, 7. Studies of documents and genres in knowledge domains, 8. Epistemological and critical studies of different paradigms, assumptions, and interests in domains, 9. Knowledge about terminological studies, LSP (Languages for Special Purposes), and discourse analysis in knowledge fields, 10. Knowledge about and studies of structures and institutions in scientific and professional communication in a domain, 11. Knowledge about methods and results from domain analytic studies about professional cognition, knowledge representation in computer science and artificial intelligence.
    • Letters to the Editor

      Arunachalam, Subbiah (1999-07)
      A letter to the editor that briefly introduces the publishing of some leading journals in the west and some ideas about scholarly communications in developing countries.
    • The level of exploitation of Universal Decimal Classification in library OPACs: a pilot study

      Slavic, Aida (2006-12)
      This is an English translation of the article published in Vjesnik bibliotekara Hrvatske (Croatian Library Journal). The paper reports on a pilot study observing the level to which library classification, Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) specifically, is exploited in searching and browsing library OPACs. The study was conducted in 2004-2005. A selection of 30 Web OPACs using UDC from 22 countries were observed. The OPACs were representative of 5 in-house and 10 vendor library systems. Interface areas examined were: UDC access points, searching, browsing and display. In total, 23 designated interface functionalities were identified. From these observations, it transpires that there is a great discrepancy in the number of functions available, ranging from two to sixteen. The majority (87%) of OPACs have between seven and sixteen UDC related access points and functions enabled. Only four out of thirty catalogues offer top/down systematic browsing (i.e. knowledge area browsing), and only fourteen catalogues have a classification number in the bibliographic description hyperlinked to allow access to other titles in the same class. The study shows that Web OPACs offer different selections and a different number of functions in supporting searching or browsing UDC - even if libraries use the same vendor system. This study is only a pilot and does not analyse the differences between interface options in relation to the 'strength' of library systems and does not rank them according to their importance in IR. However, the study provides an insight into this, usually neglected, segment of library OPACs and establishes a framework for further research. At this stage the research does not include analysis of classification authority data on which the searching and browsing is based. Further research is planned to shed more light on IR specific functions and their relation to authority control and library systems.
    • Liaison Kitchen

      Ke, Irene; Essinger, Catherine; Ho, Adrian; Arellano, Veronica (2009)
      ARCL Poster for a University of Houston Libraries workshop titled The Liaison Kitchen. The in-house workshop offered information and activities on subject liaisonship.
    • Libcitations: A Measure for Comparative Assessment of Book Publications in the Humanities and Social Sciences

      White, Howard D.; Boell, Sebastian K.; Yu, Hairong; Davis, Mari; Wilson, Concepción S.; Cole, Fletcher T. H. (H. W. Wilson, 2009-06)
      Bibliometric measures for evaluating research units in the book-oriented humanities and social sciences are underdeveloped relative to those available for journal-oriented science and technology. We therefore present a new measure designed for book-oriented fields: the â libcitation count.â This is a count of the libraries holding a given book, as reported in a national or international union catalog. As librarians decide what to acquire for the audiences they serve, they jointly constitute an instrument for gauging the cultural impact of books. Their decisions are informed by knowledge not only of audiences but also of the book world, e.g., the reputations of authors and the prestige of publishers. From libcitation counts, measures can be derived for comparing research units. Here, we imagine a matchup between the departments of history, philosophy, and political science at the University of New South Wales and the University of Sydney in Australia. We chose the 12 books from each department that had thehighest libcitation counts in the Libraries Australia union catalog during 2000â 2006. We present each bookâ s raw libcitation count, its rank within its LC class, and its LC-class normalized libcitation score. The latter is patterned on the item-oriented field normalized citation score used in evaluative bibliometrics. Summary statistics based on these measures allow the departments to be compared for cultural impact. Our work has implications for programs such as Excellence in Research for Australia and the Research Assessment Exercise in the United Kingdom. It also has implications for data mining in OCLCâ s WorldCat.
    • Librametric mapping of the "libraries, archives & information technology" R & D during 1970-1990

      Kalyane, V.L.; Sagar, Anil; Kumar, Anil; Kumar, Vijai; Lalit, Mohan; Prakasan, E.R. (2003)
      The bibliography: 'Libraries, Archives & Information Technology' consisting 5802 publications during the period 1970-1990 encompassing (i) literature originated and published in India; (ii) literature published by Indians in foreign countries; (iii) literature published by foreign professionals on India; and (iv) literature of general interest on South Asia and developing countries was quantified domainwise. Sub-domain-wise productivity variations were illustrated. Prominent 15 authors were identified by documenting their contributions to various domains, and collaboration sociometry has been depicted. Most productive 15 journals were identified, out of the 327 journals having 3533 articles, and domainwise contributions were tabulated. Growth was visualized for number of articles per year in the highly productive five journals.
    • Librarians as leaders in educational resource management: A perspective from the ground

      Jantan, Sarbene bin; Mohd. Salleh, Azrina; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      This paper discusses issues such as personnel, activities and programmes in a five-year old school library and how the library specialist could serve the school community in the roles of trainer, coordinator and collaborator.
    • Libraries and Changing Research Practices: A Report of the ARL/CNI Forum on E-Research and Cyberinfrastructure

      Goldenberg-Hart, Diane (2004-12)
      It reports a forum held in Washington, DC, on October 15, 2004 entitled "E-Research and Supporting Cyberinfrastructure: A Forum to Consider the Implications for Research Libraries & Research Institutions". The forum, spurred by developments in e-science and e-research, including a recent National Science Foundation report and the launch of a related study on cyberinfrastructure in the humanities, brought together representatives from over 75 different organizations.
    • Libraries in Higher Education in India

      Kataria, Sanjay; Perera, Harrison (University Librarians Association of Sri Lanka, 2007-06)
      This was presented at the Third International Conference of the University Librarians Association of Sri Lanka, held on 8 and 9 June 2007, Galadari Hotel Colombo, Sri Lanka. The presentation briefly discusses the genesis of the education system in India from third century to present scenario. This includes formal and informal education, Gurukul and Traditional System, Scientific and Technical Education. The higher education system includes role of the guiding and quality controlling authorities such as UGC, AICTE, NACC etc. The state of libraries in higher education institutions in India and their role is the main consideration of the presentation. The development of academic institutions and their libraries have been discussed from the point of view of government as well as public sector. The presentation also discusses problems related to finance and other issues. The state owned academic institutions face severe financial crisis as the axe falls on the libraries affecting the higher education system and intellectual growth. The major issues of automation, digitization, copyright, institutional repository, consortium support, networks support, staff resistance, training etc. also find due attention in the presentation. It also emphasizes the need of overall restructuring and reframing higher education policies as envisaged by the D.S. Kothari commission expecting six percent budget allocation on higher education. A few recommendations to the UGC are included. The presentation closes with the remarks on emerging trends and future perspectives in the field of libraries in higher education in India.

      Singh, Manpreet (Vayu Education of India, 2011-02)
      Mostly effectiveness of a library services is now largely depends upon information and communication technology (ICT). Due to information technology traditional libraries moved to digital libraries or paperless libraries. This study is identify various components of ICT, which are used or being used in libraries and information system. This paper describes the ICT infrastructure available in the GNE college library and its application for various library operations and services.
    • Libraries with Glass Walls

      Bailey, Charles W. (University of Houston Libraries, 1990)
      Fantasies of "virtual libraries," where users transparently access needed information regardless of location, depend on no-cost, unrestricted access to electronic information. In the real world, ownership and access are interwoven, library materials are usually in print form, and libraries are not usually high funding priorities for their parent institutions. If electronic information is obtained from commercial sources, libraries may need to restrict remote access to it. Ironically, print information in remote libraries may be more accessible than electronic information.
    • Library & Information Studies (LIS), Information & Communications (ICS), and to join the College of Information: To lead or to follow?

      Lin, Chihfeng; Khoo, C.; Singh, D.; Chaudhry, A.S. (School of Communication & Information, Nanyang Technological University, 2006)
      In accordance with social changes, Library Science (LS) schools have transformed themselves into Library and Information Studies (LIS) schools in the last decade. The first LIS school in Taiwan to take the lead into Information and Communications (IC) was the Department of Library and Information Studies in Shih-Hsin University. Curriculum reform has resulted in a broader range of jobs for students, leading to increased enrollment. A potential move to join the College of Information has become an issue among students and faculty members. This paper presents the results of a preliminary survey among students and faculty members regarding the move. Asked the open-ended question: "What do you think of the Department of Information and Communications joining the College of Information?", full time students and students from the Continuing Education (CE) program gave different answers. Responses received from faculty and students were sorted into categories of reasons and concerns.
    • Library 1.1

      Antelman, Kristin; Pennell, Charley (2007-08)
      Libraries operate within a culture that posits collaborating towards a common good, through resource sharing, cooperative development of standards, and the building of common work tools. The semantic Web, and the recent rapprochement between RDA and DCMI, have the potential to advance our contribution to the common good in ways that have never been possible before, yet there are still economic, legal, technical and cultural hurdles that are likely to conspire to keep libraries working within institutional silos. This talk will look at how the NCSU Libraries' is trying to work toward a more open catalog platform by creating a web services layer to support features such as RSS and by integrating structured data from outside of the ILS, starting with classification and geographical hierarchies, and potentially extending to chronological hierarchies, FRBR "work-level" records, and academic discipline-related vocabularies. These efforts point to the need for access to additional data that is outside the local machine environment. We look at some of these data sources and assess the obstacles that will have to be overcome before library catalogs, and librarians, will be able to fully join the broader Web 2.0 discovery environment.
    • Library 2.0 and libraries building community initiatives in Australia

      McLean, Michelle A (2007)
      Conference presentation on Library 2.0 and libraries building community initiatives currently happening in Australia.