• OAI-PMH: A TOOL FOR METADATA HARVESTING AND FEDERATED SEARCH

      Dipen, Deka (INFLIBNET, 2007)
      This paper focuses on the importance of OAI-PMH in the aspect of accessibility to the digital repositories. The basic structure of OAI-PMH and its functional elements are given along with some existing metadata harvester services of India. The paper discusses about the PKP Harvester software and its users. Concludes that OAI-PMH is an effective solution of the problem of lack of interoperability.
    • Old Stuff, New Tricks: How Archivists Are Making Special Collections Even More Special Using Web 2.0 Technologies

      Green, Jean L. Root; Lacher-Feldman, Jessica; Matienzo, Mark A.; Schindler, Amy C. (2009-01)
      A panel of trained archivists will discuss the use the spectrum of Web 2.0 tools and innovation as how it creates mechanisms to promote the access and use of archival and rare materials. They will discuss their own innovations in their own repositories, and some of the successful projects and tools being used today, as well as discussing the potential for creative collaboration between historians and archivists in academe using Web 2.0 tools and resources.
    • On anarchivism: perpetuating the postmodern turn within archival thought

      Matienzo, Mark A. (2002)
      Postmodern theorist Jean-François Lyotard expresses concern over a particular â slackeningâ or an implicit liberalization that is slowly pervading across disciplines as diverse as art history, philosophy, and politics. Thinkers, he believes, are witnessing the invasion of the postmodern and are accordingly battening down the hatches of the â uncompleted project of modernism.' By extension, one can easily assume that this is occurring across disciplines beyond those that Lyotard mentions explicitly. Accordingly, one may begin to see such ripples within the pond of archives that many of us dip our feet, wade, or completely submerge ourselves in. In this paper, I will primarily discuss Verne Harrisâ conceptions of the postmodern and their implications for the archival profession. I feel that a postmodern analysis of the archival is important, but we must still go further to create a radical conception of it. There is a large divide between theory and praxis in the archival world; while theory is definitely important, we must often step outside it to solve our problems. Rather than relying on it as a normative basis for archival practice we should continue to reevaluate and reconstruct our theories and practices into an â anarchivist program.â
    • On Publication Indicators - Correspondence

      Arunachalam, Subbiah (2004-03)
      Correspondence on an article by Satyanarayana and Jain's which appeared in the same issue (but is not included here). Includes a rather lengthy rejoinder with supporting tables of data.
    • On the nature and typology of documentary classifications and their use in a networked environment

      Slavic, Aida (2007)
      Networked orientated standards for vocabulary publishing and exchange and proposals for terminological services and terminology registries will improve sharing and use of all knowledge organization systems in the networked information environment. This means that documentary classifications may also become more applicable for use outside their original domain of application. The paper summarises some characteristics common to documentary classifications and explains some terminological, functional and implementation aspects. The original purpose behind each classification scheme determines the functions that the vocabulary is designed to facilitate. These functions influence the structure, semantics and syntax, scheme coverage and format in which classification data are published and made available. The author suggests that attention should be paid to the differences between documentary classifications as these may determine their suitability for a certain purpose and may impose different requirements with respect to their use online. As we speak, many classifications are being created for knowledge organization and it may be important to promote expertise from the bibliographic domain with respect to building and using classification systems.
    • On the razor's edge: between local and overall needs in knowledge organization

      Schallier, Wouter (2004-07)
      This is a 27-slide presentation made at ISKO 2004 (International Society for Knowledge Organization) in London, UK. Recent projects in subject indexing and classification at K.U.Leuven University Library (Belgium) aim to give new impulses to knowledge organization within the institution. While in recent years a lot of attention was given, and with good reason, to the technical and administrative integration of e-sources, less energy was invested in organizing the content of traditional and electronic collections. Nevertheless, presenting information sources in a content-structured way remains a core task of our University Library. This paper focuses on some experiments with subject search interfaces at K.U.Leuven University Library and situates them in a new policy for knowledge organization, which tries to find a balance between local and overall needs.
    • On the web at home: Information seeking and web searching in the home environment

      Rieh, Soo Young; Kraft, Donald H. (2004)
      This is a preprint of an article published in the Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 55, pp. 743-753. Abstract: The objective of this study was to characterize the home as an information use environment and to identify a range of information seeking and Web search behaviors at home. The data were analyzed on four levels: home environment, information seeking goals, information retrieval interaction, and search query. Findings indicated that the home, indeed, provided a distinct information use environment beyond physical setting alone in which the subjects used the Web for diverse purposes and interests.
    • On Verifying the Accuracy of Information: Philosophical Perspectives

      Fallis, Don (University of Illinois, 2004)
      How can one verify the accuracy of recorded information (e.g., information found in books, newspapers, and on Web sites)? In this paper, I argue that work in the epistemology of testimony (especially that of philosophers David Hume and Alvin Goldman) can help with this important practical problem in library and information science. This work suggests that there are four important areas to consider when verifying the accuracy of information: (i) authority, (ii) independent corroboration, (iii) plausibility and support, and (iv) presentation. I show how philosophical research in these areas can improve how information professionals go about teaching people how to evaluate information. Finally, I discuss several further techniques that information professionals can and should use to make it easier for people to verify the accuracy of information.
    • Online Construction of Alphabetic Classaurus

      Devadason, F.J.; Fry, Bernard M. (Pergamon Press, 1985)
      Classaurus is a faceted hierarchic scheme of terms with vocabulary control features.
    • Online Query Refinement on Information Retrieval Systems: A Process Model of Searched System Interactions

      Chen, Hsinchun; Dhar, Vasant (ACM, 1990)
      This article reports findings of empirical research that investigated information searchers online query refinement process. Prior studies have recognized the information specialists' role in helping searchers articulate and refine queries. Using a semantic network and a Problem Behavior Graph to represent the online search our study revealed that searchers also refined their own queries in an online task environment. The information retrieval system played a passive role in assisting online query refinement, which was, however, one that confirmed Taylor's four-level query formulation model. Based on our empirical findings, we proposed using process model to facilitate and improve query refinement in an online environment. We believe incorporating this model into retrieval systems can result in the design of more "intelligent" and useful information retrieval systems.
    • Ontology and the Semantic Web

      Zhang, Jane; Tennis, Joseph T. (dLIST, 2007)
      This paper discusses the development of a new information representation system embodied in ontology and the Semantic Web. The new system differs from other representation systems in that it is based on a more sophisticated semantic representation of information, aims to go well beyond the document level, and designed to be understood and processed by machine. A common theme underlying these three features, i.e., turning documents into meaningful interchangeable data, reflects a rising use expectation nurtured by modern technology and, at the same time, presents a unique challenge for its enabling technologies.
    • OPAC Usability

      Kaufman, Sarah; Grondin, Karen; Konieczny, Tim; Gutwein, Ava (2004-04)
      A study of OPAC usability in regard to how user age, computer skills, and education affect searching success.
    • OPACs, Open Source and Patron Perceptions: a look at what happens (and what can happen) when open source software is a library's public face

      Luce, Katherine (2008-11)
      More libraries are moving toward using open source software (OSS) as their public faces. Meeting public expectations for ease of use and Web 2.0 features in these interfaces is one of the reasons libraries are making this change. Community plays a vital role in supporting OSS, and as more libraries use OSS the community of user-librarians is strengthened. Involving the public more actively and directly in this community would further strengthen it, and would support the values of OSS and of libraries.
    • Open access - current developments in India

      Arunachalam, Subbiah (2006)
      This is the text of an invited presentation (available in two versions, 9 pages narrative paper, and 26 slides presentation) given at the Berlin 4 Open Access Conference, March 29th-March 31st, 2006, Albert Einstein Institute, Potsdam (near Berlin). Abstract: India, the second most populous nation in the world, is emerging as an important player in the world economy and geopolitics. In the nearly six decades since Independence, India has made considerable progress. A number of leading corporations, especially in the areas of automobiles, information technology and chemicals, have set up shop in India for manufacturing, business process outsourcing and R&D. Advanced countries look at India as a huge market to be tapped and a reservoir of English-speaking workforce that can be hired at a fraction of the cost they pay as wages in their home countries. About a million people work in software industry alone. And now India is increasingly looked up to for outsourcing R&D. In the past few months, many heads of states and governments â including President Bush - came calling and President Bush even spoke about the rather sensitive subject of cooperation in nuclear energy. Both the Vice chancellor of Oxford in the UK, the Rt Hon Chris Patten and the President of Harvard University Lawrence Summers in the US visited India recently and are keen to set up centres of excellence devoted to Indian studies. Indeed Harvard is planning to institute a dozen chairs in the new centre. Despite a long history of science, scholarship and philosophical inquiry dating back to millennia before the emergence of modern European civilization, India is struggling to keep pace with the West in science and technology. Although there are about 300 universities, and about the same number of government funded research laboratories under agencies such as the Departments of Atomic Energy and Space and the 1 Ministries of Defence, Agriculture, Science & Technology, and Ocean Development, Indiaâ s research output in science and technology, as seen from the Web of Science, is barely 2.5% of the worldâ s journal literature. What is more, in none of the subjects Indian papers on the whole are cited as often as the world average. It will not be wrong to conclude that India is contributing to growth of knowledge in the sciences sub-optimally. There is a crying need for strengthening higher education (and, indeed, education at all levels) and promoting excellence and innovation in research. India is investing millions of dollars to set up three institutions of excellence in science on the lines of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore and six world class medical colleges and hospitals of the quality of the All India Institute of Medical sciences in underserved regions.
    • Open Access and Accuracy: a comparison of authorsâ self-archived manuscripts and published articles

      Goodman, David; Dowson, Sarah; Yarmanchuk, Jean (Association of Learned and Professional Society Publishers, 2007-07)
      Some approaches to Open Access (OA) use authors' manuscript copies for the OA version, in the form accepted after peer review but prior to full editing. Advocates of such approaches are certain that these versions differ only trivially from the publishers' versions; many of those who oppose them are equally certain that there can be major discrepancies. In a pilot study, we have examined the actual differences in a small number of such article pairs in the social sciences and in biology. Using an operational classification of the extent of error, we have determined that neither pronouncement is likely to be correct. We found numerous small differences that affect readability between open access and publishers' versions. We also found a low frequency of potentially confusing errors, but sometimes it was the publisher's and sometimes the manuscript version that was more accurate. We found two cases where errors introduced by the publisher omit technical details that are necessary to evaluate the validity of the conclusions. However, we found no error that actually affected the validity of the data or results.
    • Open Access Bibliography

      Bailey, Charles W. (Association of Research Libraries, 2005)
      The Open Access Bibliography for liberating scholarly literature with E-Prints and Access Journals presents over 1,300 selected English-language books, conference papers (including some digital video presentations), debates, editorials, e-prints, journal and magazine articles, news articles, technical reports, and other printed and electronic sources. These are useful in understanding the open access movement's efforts to provide free access to and unfettered use of scholarly literature. Although most sources have been published between 1999 and August 31, 2004, a limited number of key sources published prior to 1999 are also included. This is a publication of the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) and the printed book can be ordered from ARL: http://www.arl.org/pubscat/pubs/openaccess/
    • Open access in the real world: Confronting economic and legal reality

      Anderson, Rick (Association of College and Research Libraries, 2004-05)
      This article address "open access" of scholarly articles and dicusses several issues that are important to the concept of "open access."
    • Open Access Journals in the Developing World

      Wimberley, Laura (2008-11)
      This paper examines the use of open access journals by academic libraries in the developing world: are open source journals a good choice for universities in the developing world, and to what extent are they currently being used? So far, the developing world has been held back from participating in that flow by three blockages: the costs of purchasing journals to read, the costs of publishing researching in journals, and censorship. I argue that truly open access requires removing all three blocks, for the sake of human development.
    • Open access self-archiving: An author study. Technical Report, Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), UK FE and HE funding councils

      Swan, Alma; Brown, Sheridan (2005-05)
      This, our second author international, cross-disciplinary study on open access had 1296 respondents. Its focus was on self-archiving. Almost half (49%) of the respondent population have self-archived at least one article during the last three years. Use of institutional repositories for this purpose has doubled and usage has increased by almost 60% for subject-based repositories. Self-archiving activity is greatest amongst those who publish the largest number of papers. There is still a substantial proportion of authors unaware of the possibility of providing open access to their work by self-archiving. Of the authors who have not yet self-archived any articles, 71% remain unaware of the option. With 49% of the author population having self-archived in some way, this means that 36% of the total author population (71% of the remaining 51%), has not yet been appraised of this way of providing open access. Authors have frequently expressed reluctance to self-archive because of the perceived time required and possible technical difficulties in carrying out this activity, yet findings here show that only 20% of authors found some degree of difficulty with the first act of depositing an article in a repository, and that this dropped to 9% for subsequent deposits. Another author worry is about infringing agreed copyright agreements with publishers, yet only 10% of authors currently know of the SHERPA/RoMEO list of publisher permissions policies with respect to self-archiving, where clear guidance as to what a publisher permits is provided. Where it is not known if permission is required, however, authors are not seeking it and are self-archiving without it. Communicating their results to peers remains the primary reason for scholars publishing their work; in other words, researchers publish to have an impact on their field. The vast majority of authors (81%) would willingly comply with a mandate from their employer or research funder to deposit copies of their articles in an institutional or subject-based repository. A further 13% would comply reluctantly; 5% would not comply with such a mandate.
    • Open Access to Knowledge and Information: Scholarly Literature and Digital Library Initiatives - the South Asian Scenario

      Das, Anup Kumar; Sen, B. K.; Josiah, Jocelyne (UNESCO, New Delhi, 2008-03)
      The South Asia sub-region is now in the forefront of the Open Access movement within developing countries in the world, with India being the most prominent partner in terms of its successful Open Access and Digital Library initiatives. Institutional and policy frameworks in India also facilitate innovative solutions for increasing international visibility and accessibility of scholarly literature and documentary heritage in this country. This publication has its genesis in the recommendations and proceedings of UNESCO-supported international conferences and workshops including the 4th International Conference of Asian Digital Libraries (ICADL2001, Bangalore); the International Conferences on Digital Libraries (ICDL2004 & ICDL2006, New Delhi); and the International Workshop on Greenstone Digital Library Software (2006, Kozhikode), where many information professionals of this sub-region demonstrated their Digital Library and Open Access initiatives. This book describes successful digital library and open access initiatives in the South Asia sub-region that are available in the forms of open courseware, open access journals, metadata harvesting services, national-level open access repositories and institutional repositories. This book may be considered an authoritative Source-book on Open Access development in this sub-region.