Singh, Manpreet (Vayu Education of India, 2011-02)
      Mostly effectiveness of a library services is now largely depends upon information and communication technology (ICT). Due to information technology traditional libraries moved to digital libraries or paperless libraries. This study is identify various components of ICT, which are used or being used in libraries and information system. This paper describes the ICT infrastructure available in the GNE college library and its application for various library operations and services.
    • Increasing the number of underrepresented high school minorities entering the health information professions

      Cardenas, Olga (2011-01-18)
      Purpose: This paper examines the collective and individual outreach efforts of eight medical institutions to increase the number of underrepresented high school minorities (URHSM) entering the health information professions. Setting/Participants/Resources: Librarians and informaticians from eight major medical institutions in the United States formed partnerships with counselors or diversity coordinators from local high schools, thanks to a $640,000 matching grant. Brief Description: Careers in Health Information, Librarianship, and Informatics (CHILI) is a project funded through a three-year grant from the Department of Education and the Institute for Museum and Library Services, awarded in 2005. This paper describes the project, activities, outcomes and post status of this collaborative effort. Results/Outcome: The partnership and collaborative efforts between the eight medical libraries produced fruitful exposure to health information professions for thousands of participants in various degrees of significance, depth, and degrees of success. CHILI incorporated elements found in other successful projects with similar goals. In addition, the invaluable project was captured and readily accessible through the CHILI Website and a CHILI Wiki furthering the project goal to provide outreach to URHSM and their families during the duration of the project and after the project formally ended. Furthermore, lasting positive effects were found in three of the eight medical centers involved. Evaluation Method: Various project tools, reports, and articles were reviewed and three interviews were made to determine the local impact and status of the project. In addition, CHILI’s activities and components were compared with those of successful programs sharing similar goals.
    • Improving African Languages Classification: initial investigation and proposal

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The importance of languages in the UDC is consistent with the significance of linguistic facets for knowledge organization in general. Languages are the main facet category implicated in processes as crucial as the development of the Linguistics class, the organization of national and regional literatures, the categorization of human ancestries, ethnic groupings and nationalities, and the description of the language in which a document is written. Language numbers are extensively used across the entire UDC scheme, and form the basis for a faceted approach in class structuring and number building. For this reason, Common Auxiliaries of Languages (Table 1c) deserve special attention. Upon the completion of the revision of American indigenous languages (2007-2008), it was evident that other language families would benefit from the same careful examination. The next class we are looking to improve is =4, Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Congo-Kordofanian, Khoisan languages. Thus, in 2009 the author has started a research into indigenous languages of Africa. In this paper, the initial research findings for the improvement of the class =4 are presented.
    • UDC at the BBC

      Alexander, Fran; Stickley, Kathryn; Buser, Vicky; Miller, Libby (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The BBC Archive is one of the world’s largest multimedia archives, held in 27 locations across the UK. The Archive contains over 2 million items of TV and video, 300,000 hours of audio, 6 million still photographs, over 4 million items of sheet music, and over half-a-million documents and records. It is a working media library, fulfilling some 4,000 loans per week, as well as preserving content as part of the UK’s national cultural heritage. A team of cataloguers and media managers classify a selection of current content, as well as enhancing cataloguing and classification of legacy content. There are two major classification schemes used in the Archive, both numerical, and one based on UDC. Lonclass, based on UDC, was developed first, then Telclass, which is used by the Natural History Unit in Bristol. In addition, there are many and various controlled vocabularies that have been developed to tag content in the different nations (Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland) and the English regions.
    • Application of Electronic UDC in the Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology

      Zaytseva, Ekaterina (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      In Russia the most widely used library classifications are the national scheme BBK (Library Bibliographic Classification) and the UDC. The Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology is the leading scientific and technical library in Russia. It has a long tradition of classifying literature according to the UDC which started back in 1963. For many years the Library provided support for classification by UDC and also assisted in the areas of research and information while also acting as a supervisor in the matter of indexing for the network of scientific and technical libraries of Russia and the USSR. The paper describes the use of UDC in the environment of the electronic catalogue and the automated library system.
    • UDC in Ukraine 2009-2010: new developments

      Nabhan, Yulia (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      There are two main classification systems used in Ukraine, such as Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) and Library Bibliographic Classification (LBC). UDC is used mainly in libraries of higher education institutions, scientific, scientific-and-technical, medical, agricultural and other specialized libraries, information centres and publishing houses. The paper introduces recent developments (2009-2010 period) regarding UDC in Ukraine.
    • UDC Biology Revision Project: First Stage: Class 59 Vertebrates

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The paper presents and describes the work on the revision of the zoology of vertebrates, which is published in E&C 32 and introduced in UDC MRF 2010. This is the first stage of a larger project of revision, correction and update affecting all tables related to systematics (zoology, botany, microbiology and virology) to be undertaken from 2011-2013. The first part of the paper briefly introduces the current systems of classification of living and extinct beings, and explains how different perspectives with respect to the arrangement of biological entities have been reflected (or not) in the UDC schedules. The second part gives an overview of problems detected in UDC prior to this revision and explains solutions that were implemented in UDC MRF 2010 indicating tools and methods used in this work.
    • Library Advocacy in India in the Light of Education for Sustainable Development – Perspectives of an Emerging Economy

      Das, Anup Kumar; Centre for Studies in Science Policy, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India (International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), 2010-08)
      India is considered as a world leader amongst the developing countries in terms of economic sustainability and growth. India also has a growing number of literate population due to rapid expansion of secondary and post-secondary education landscape. However, when it comes to education for sustainable development (ESD), India stands more elitist to serve only privileged sections of population. Indian public library system still remains inadequate to fulfil the huge demands from neo functional literates or lifelong learners who mostly belong to under-privileged sections. ESD is incomplete without having adequate equity-based access to public library system which is an essential component of the ESD concept. Here comes the emergence of strong library advocates in the country. In post-independent India, Indian library associations were engaged in public library legislation in few states of India. The public library legislations in different states were resulted from public library movement in the country. When new generation of library professionals took charge of library associations in the country, a dilution of public library movement and library advocacy across the country is observed. Where leadership of library associations was no more seriously engaged in library advocacy in the country, there was also rare existence of Indian civil societies engaged in library advocacy as well as policy advocacy in the relevant fields. Fortunately, Indian National Knowledge Commission (NKC) was established in 2005 by the Central government which eventually formed a Working Group on Libraries. This Working Group on Libraries along with other related working groups of NKC re-established dialogs with national and state actors and other stakeholders through public consultations. Some civil society organizations also have started focusing on library advocacy, as a part of their engagement in ESD. This paper discusses trajectories of various actors and stakeholders in India who are catching up 'library advocacy' to bridge the knowledge gaps in the country. This paper also analyses impact of Indian government's policy frameworks towards building inclusive knowledge societies and their implications in future library advocacy in India.
    • Themes and citation order in free classification

      Gnoli, Claudio; University of Pavia. Science and Technology Library (2010-03)
      Free classification consists of combining notation for several concepts without specifying the relationships between them. Some properties of free classification are described and discussed. The citation order of concepts can either follow a conventional rule, or express the differential relevance of base theme, subordinate themes, and possibly rheme dealt with in the indexed knowledge source. Citing base theme first allows for a more helpful collocation of the record close to others having a similar base theme. Examples are illustrated from the Mathematics Subject Classification, the Knowledge Organization Literature Classification, and the Integrative Levels Classification. Finally, the problem of identifying themes of fictional works is briefly discussed.
    • Open Courseware initiatives for e-learners in India

      Majumder, Apurba Jyoti; Sarma, Gautam Kumar (Vikas Publishing House (Delhi, India), 2010)
      Open Courseware is nothing but the repository of the study and learning materials in digital form in the web which is open for every user i.e. Open Access. These repositories envisage to store, index, preserve, distribute and share the digital learning resources with any time access offering interoperability. On the other hand, e-learning covers a myriad set of applications, and processes such as computer based learning, web-based learning, virtual classrooms, etc. What is most significant about the method is that it ensures faster learning at comparatively reduced cost and gives access to more learning resources. In India, a number of institutions are digitizing their course materials and a good number of open courseware have been established e.g. eGyankosh-a National Digital Repository, CEC Learning Object Repository, Indo- German eGurukul on Digital Libraries, NPTEL, NCERT Online Textbooks, UNESCOSALIS e-Learning Portal, etc. This paper presents a scenario of the Open Courseware initiatives in India that can be helpful and necessary to the e-learners.
    • Scientific information retrieval behavior: A case study in students of Philosophy

      Tramullas, Jesús; Sánchez-Casabón, Ana I.; University of Zaragoza (Madrid: Univ. Autónoma de Madrid, 2010)
      The behavior and patterns of recovery and processing of digital information by users is a recurring theme in the literature. The study of these behaviors are carried out through observation techniques and analysis of processes, actions and decisions undertaken by users in different situations. This paper presents the data resulting from the study of patterns of recovery and management of reference information of three consecutive courses of a specialized subject. The findings obtained showed a clear difference between patterns of information retrieval and obtained prior to the end of the training process, but there has been a significant change in the ultimate goal of users or appreciable changes in their prospects for application in other environments.
    • A Scientometric Study on Buffalo Research in India and Pakistan: A Profile based on CAB Direct Online

      Rathinasabapathy, G; Rajendran, L; Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (e-Science World, 2010)
      This paper intends to observe and compare the R&D output on ‘Buffaloes’ by the researchers in India and Pakistan. The chosen study period is 55 years (1955-2009) and CAB Direct Online is the source database for this research. During the period (1955 – 2009) a total of 9,096 and 706 publications were published by the scientists of India and Pakistan respectively on buffalo research and India is the top producing country with 9,096 papers (92.80%) followed by Pakistan with 706 papers (7.20%). The average number of publications published per year by India and Pakistan were 165 and 12 respectively. The spurt in the literature output of India and Pakistan were reported during 2001-2009 and 1991-2000 respectively. The study also reports the most preferred journals and most productive authors in India and Pakistan. This study also provides an inventory and scientometric dimensions of publications on buffalo research by India and Pakistan.
    • Implementation of a UDC-based multilingual thesaurus in a library catalogue: the case of BiblioPhil

      Frâncu, Victoria; Sabo, Cosmin-Nicolae (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The paper describes an approach to improving classification-based subject access in a library catalogue. In order to enhance the use of UDC numbers in information retrieval, the authors have represented classification with thesaurus descriptors and implemented this solution in an automated way. In addition, descriptors in more than one language were used to interface classification. The authors present a solution implemented in a BiblioPhil library system. The standard formats used are UNIMARC for bibliographic and subject authority records (i.e. the UDC-based multilingual thesaurus) with MARCXML support for data transfer. The multilingual thesaurus was built according to the existing standards, the constituent parts of the classification notations being used as the basis for search terms in the multilingual information retrieval. The verbal equivalents, descriptors and non-descriptors, are used to expand the number of concepts and are given in Romanian, English and French. The authors illustrate how this approach saves the time of the indexer and provides more user-friendly and easier access to the bibliographic information. The multilingual aspect of the thesaurus enhances information access for a greater number of online users.
    • From classification to thesaurus … and back? Subject indexing tools at the library of the Afrika-Studiecentrum Leiden [extended abstract]

      Doorn, Marlene van; Polman, Katrien; Afrika-Studiecentrum (The Netherlands) (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The African Studies Centre (ASC) Leiden is an independent foundation associated with Leiden University. Its aims are to undertake research on Africa in the social sciences, to maintain a specialist library and documentation department, and to facilitate the dissemination of information on Africa. The library houses a broad-based collection in the field of the social sciences and the humanities, the only collection in the Netherlands focusing entirely on Africa. Current holdings include some 75,000 books, 2,000 periodicals, of which almost 600 are current subscriptions, about 1,000 documentaries and feature films, and a growing digital collection. Approximately half the holdings are English, about a third French, and the remainder is divided between German, Dutch, Afrikaans, Portuguese and Spanish. Between 2000 and 2006, the library carried out a project to improve subject access to the ASC collection by building an African Studies Thesaurus and converting all subject codes used until then into thesaurus descriptors.
    • Multilingual UDC Summary Online Project: 2009 update

      Slavic, Aida; Overfield, Chris; Riesthuis, Gerhard; Pika, Jiri; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      UDC Summary (udcS) is a selection of around 2,000 UDC numbers intended for free use, training and research of the UDC, and is published as an online database at http://www.udcc.org/ udcsummary/php/index.php. This is the first time in the UDC’s history that the scheme has been made available to any extent for free use in so many languages as a single service. By the end of 2009, this abridged scheme was available in 13 languages and at the time of writing this report there are already over 20 languages online. The UDC Summary is available in languages in which the UDC has never been translated before such as Armenian, Greek, and Hindi.
    • UDC as a non-disciplinary classification system for a high-school library

      Cousson, Philippe (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The paper addresses issues in establishing a user-friendly systematic collection arrangement following a merger of two high school and college library collections classified according to UDC. In the way it was used, this scheme presented some weaknesses with respect to collection usage. Due to the disciplinary nature of UDC, subjects and phenomena are dispersed in the scheme according to the disciplines in which they are the subject of study. At the same time students in a school library often seek interdisciplinary subjects and need access to clusters of documents which according to UDC may be classed in several different knowledge areas. The author illustrates how this problem was resolved by re-arranging the collection according to phenomena. This was achieved by interpreting UDC numbers as if they represented specific phenomena. Thus, by superimposing some local indexing rules onto a disciplinary knowledge organization system it was possible to collocate interdisciplinary subjects under a single class number. Furthermore, by reversing subject numbers and form auxiliaries (atlases, dictionaries, textbooks etc.) which is an option envisaged in the design of UDC, documents were collocated in the way they are most frequently used by students. The author suggests that, in practice, one often needs to overcome the constraints of disciplinary classification and he discusses the approach used in his school library collection.
    • Integration of a thesaurus and Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) to improve subject access: the Hungarian experience

      Hajdu-Barát, Ágnes (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The paper explores two possible solutions for integrating a thesaurus and a classification scheme, specifically UDC, in order to develop a common platform for subject information retrieval through both systems. The author reports and compares experiences from two Hungarian projects aimed at creating a complex system for combining UDC and thesauri under a homogeneous theoretical framework: MÁTrIkSz (Hungarian Comprehensive Information Retrieval Language Dictionary) and the project of thesaurus construction and implementation in the Hungarian National Library (Széchényi). The role of UDC in these two projects is analyzed with respect to the features supported, classification-based retrieval functionalities, and the perceived advantages in subject access and knowledge organization. The author explains the methodology of her research based on an examination of structured and well-documented examples and literature research into the theory of UDC and its use. The paper underlines the importance of cognition as the basis for concept-building and points out some possibilities and expedients for the integration of thesauri and the UDC.
    • Intute: from a distributed network to a unified database – lessons learned

      Kerr, Linda (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      Intute (http://www.intute.ac.uk/) catalogues and describes the best Internet resources for education and research. It is funded by the Joint Information Systems Committee (JISC), and is primarily aimed at evaluating web resources suitable for undergraduate study. The service also offers Internet research skills tutorials, rss feeds of new resources added to the catalogue, a personalisation service (MyIntute), and a blog highlighting trends in Internet research skills and particularly good or topical subject-based resources. The current Intute catalogue of Internet resources is an aggregation of records from eight subject services previously funded by the JISC as the Resource Discovery Network (RDN). This paper describes the process and challenges of integrating these eight databases into one unified catalogue with one standard metadata schema, whilst continuing to satisfy the needs of different subject communities. The paper also outlines a current project to evaluate and compare the cost-effectiveness of manual and automatic metadata creation.
    • UDC Seminar 2009: an overview

      Slavic, Aida; Cordeiro, Maria Inês; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The International UDC Seminar 2009 “Classification at a Crossroads - multiple directions to usability” took place in the Koninklijke Bibliotheek in The Hague on 29-30 October 2009. It was a truly international event as it attracted 135 delegates from 32 countries comprising librarians, LIS lecturers, researchers, information consultants, Web technologists and indexing specialists.
    • UDC Medical Sciences Project: Progress and Problems

      Williamson, Nancy; McIlwaine, I. C. (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      Phase 1 of the new class 61 Medical Sciences was completed early in 2009 and the work on Phase 2 is now well under way. In phase 1, a framework for the new class was established using the organization of facets provided in Class H of the Bliss Bibliographic Classification. Bliss terminology was used in the captions together with UDC notation and formatting as needed. Concepts and terms, the common auxiliaries, and classes related to medicine were used insofar as they were appropriate. There was heavy use of common auxiliary tables of general characteristics (Table 1k) -02 Properties, -04 Relations and Processes and -05 Persons as they became available. As needed, other tools were consulted including Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) and the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD). At the end of Phase I the result was a framework for medicine which itself needed revision to be compatible with UDC. In Phase 2 the principal goal is to update the proposed Medical Sciences class to bring it into line with UDC as it exists today and to add new diseases and other terms which are covered in neither Bliss (1981) nor the present UDC 61 (which has not been revised for many years).