• Opportunities for Hospital Librarians in the Era of Genomic Medicine

      Elliott, Kathy; San Jose State University (2012-02-24)
      PURPOSE: To evaluate ways in which hospital librarians can help clinicians keep up with the rapid growth of genetic information and incorporate it into patient care as we enter the era of genomic medicine. SETTING: Hospital medical libraries DESCRIPTION: The fast-growing new field of genomic medicine applies human genetic information to the understanding and treatment of disease. Historically, evidence-based healthcare has been informed by studies on large populations. Breakthroughs in genetic analysis technologies are presenting healthcare providers with new opportunities to diagnose and customize clinical treatment based on the genetic structure of individual patients. In the hospital setting, access to genomic medicine information resources, clinical guidelines, and continuing education will be critical in the near future. This research paper will explore resources and programs that hospital librarians can offer to clinicians, to serve their genomic medicine information needs and help them navigate through unfamiliar territory.
    • VirusPKT: A Search Tool For Assimilating Assorted Acquaintance For Viruses

      Jayanthi Manicassamy; P. Dhavachelvan; Department of Computer Science / Pondicherry University (Engg Journals Publications, 2009-11)
      Viruses utilize various means to circumvent the immune detection in the biological systems. Several mathematical models have been investigated for the description of viral dynamics in the biological system of human and various other species. One common strategy for evasion and recognition of viruses is, through acquaintance in the systems by means of search engines. In this perspective a search tool have been developed to provide a wider comprehension about the structure and other details on viruses which have been narrated in this paper. This provides an adequate knowledge in evolution and building of viruses, its functions through information extraction from various websites. Apart from this, tool aim to automate the activities associated with it in a self-maintainable, selfsustainable, proactive one which has been evaluated through analysis made and have been discussed in this paper.
    • Information and Communication Technology and Its impact on Open and Distance Learning

      Nirmal Ranjan Mazumdar (SSDN, New Delhi, India, 2012-01)
      The impact of ICT in open and distance learning is now become a common phenomenon. The rapid use of internet and other communication facilities have brought the open and distance education closer to the student community. The paper highlights the application of ICT in open and distance learning system of Assam.
    • ROLE OF COLLEGE LIBRARIES IN CAREER GUIDANCE A Study of Government and Autonomous Colleges Affiliated to Andhra University

      Moly; Assistant Professor, Haramaya University, Ethiopia (2012-02-03)
      Libraries can play a much important role in imparting career guidance. In formal education, library is described as ‘heart of education’. The library system in higher education is committed to provide independent learning environment to student. From the book houses the libraries have gone to an individual residence to share the shelves of knowledge. Therefore, it can be inferred that the success of career guidance in educational institutions depends upon the efficient library system. Therefore the system of education has to take care of strengthening the library system and thus disseminate career information. Librarians with their abilities in knowledge organization and dissemination skills can play a profound and enduring role in encouraging and assisting young people to follow their hearts and to pursue their dreams. In developing countries like India college librarians can play a major role in the career development of the youth who comes to the library for guidance and support in their study and to prepare for their future career opportunities.
    • Aplicación de la metodología de investigación-acción en prácticas bibliotecológicas basadas en la evidencia

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007-08)
      La bibliotecología basada en la evidencia (BBE) busca y promueve la mejora de las prácticas bibliotecarias a través del uso de la mejor evidencia disponible. Fuertemente empleada en contextos médicos, la práctica basada en la evidencia puede ser una herramienta importante para el desarrollo de la Bibliotecología y las Ciencias de la Información, siempre que la práctica sea cuidadosamente planeada y combinada con investigación y reflexión teórica. Para lograr un estado de equilibrio entre teorías y estudios empíricos, puede aplicarse un método cualitativo -la investigación-acción- como un diálogo entre ideas abstractas y los hechos y señales logradas a través de experiencias concretas. A través de la investigación-acción, los bibliotecarios pueden recolectar evidencia -usando una serie de instrumentos cualitativos- y usarlas para construir conocimiento teórico, logrando así mejorar su trabajo y su profesión. Desde este punto de vista, después de poner algo en práctica, serán capaces de saber si funcionó como se esperaba o no, realizar cambios si son necesarios, y volver a evaluar el proceso, buscando más evidencia nueva. El método se convierte en una hélice progresiva que conduce al bibliotecario a evaluar continuamente sus actividades y servicios y a mejorarlos de acuerdo a las necesidades de sus usuarios finales. Enmarcando estas ideas en el contexto general del modelo “Biblioteca 2.0” y en la situación particular de las bibliotecas de Ciencias Sociales, la conferencia presenta brevemente algunas ideas básicas acerca de cómo la investigación-acción debería ser empleada para recolectar y usar evidencia en bibliotecología.
    • Cuando la memoria se convierte en cenizas: memoricidio durante el siglo XX

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007)
      Breve repaso de los memoricidios (destrucción de memoria, escritos, bibliotecas) más famosos perpetrados a lo largo del siglo XX.
    • Espinas ocultas: lenguajes documentales, ideologías negativas y revisiones

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (Biblioteca y Archivo Histórico del H. Congreso Nacional de Bolivia, 2005-07)
      Brief analysis of negative ideologies and concepts included in classification languages.
    • Voces en el silencio

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2006-07)
      Latin American indigenous populations are fragile human miracles, trying to survive and perpetuate their menaced cultural heritage and way of life -including more than 250 languages- under the pressure of a predominantly Euro-American society. Their traditional knowledge is the product of centuries of experiences, and is mainly transmitted through oral and artistic expressions, unstable means mainly based on the correct use of memory. The collection of oral tradition and its management in libraries and archives is not widely spread in Latin America, even if there are some previous experiences on this issue. Oral-archiving techniques and tools have been highly developed and used with other social sectors all around the continent, but native peoples have been longly neglected or even forgotten. Meanwhile, with every old person who dies in the aboriginal communities, a whole library just vanishes. This paper is aimed at presenting a brief introduction to oral archives and indigenous knowledge in Latin America, emphasizing the urgent necessity of designing stronger and wider research policies for libraries, universities and governmental institutions. The author also presents some ideas and proposals, based in his own work (2002-2005) developing a network of libraries with sound collections in indigenous communities in northern Argentina.
    • Quebrando el silencio: bibliotecas, archivos y tradición oral

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2006)
      La historia y la cultura de los vencedores y los dominantes son las que permanecen y las que se perpetúan, usando como medio los soportes escritos. La voz de los olvidados, los vencidos y los silenciados raras veces se escucha, y pocas veces trasciende sus ámbitos de producción. Dentro de estos espacios, la tradición oral oficia de principal medio de transmisión, conservando, de boca en boca y de generación en generación, un inmenso patrimonio histórico y cultural compuesto por un número infinito de ideas y experiencias individuales y grupales. Pocas veces considerada como elemento de trabajo por parte de bibliotecas y archivos, la oralidad está siendo reconsiderada a partir del valor dado por organismos internacionales al patrimonio cultural intangible, la diversidad, la identidad, las lenguas amenazadas, las minorías y el multiculturalismo. El artículo presenta algunas consideraciones básicas sobre la temática –desde una perspectiva latinoamericana- y lineamientos generales de trabajo que orienten la labor de recuperación de materiales orales.
    • Aprender sin olvidar: lineamientos de trabajo para la recuperación de tradición oral desde la biblioteca

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2006-09)
      Oral tradition is the knowledge a society perpetuates through spoken means in order to make them reach present and future generations. The richness, complexity and dynamism of these contents, as well as the one of those elements associated to their (re)production, turn them into cultural expressions of an undeniable value. The pressure of written systems and mass media push oral tradition to stand serious threatens to its survival. Even if there are countless institutions of memory management -libraries, archives, documentation centers- working on this non-material heritage, a deep analysis of the real importance of this work is lacking. This paper presents some concepts on oral tradition and its features, exposing the necessary techniques for its collection and stating several questions concerning its future and its relation with librarianship. From a continent where orality played and plays a strong role in the building of popular cultures, it is expected that LIS professionals will develop a more active role in its recovery and spread, in order to not allowing silence to destroy those voices telling their stories from the dawn of time.
    • When memory is turn into ashes: Memoricide during XX century

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007)
      A brief description of the main memoricides (destruction of libraries and memory) happened during the XX century.
    • UDC at the BBC

      Alexander, Fran; Stickley, Kathryn; Buser, Vicky; Miller, Libby (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The BBC Archive is one of the world’s largest multimedia archives, held in 27 locations across the UK. The Archive contains over 2 million items of TV and video, 300,000 hours of audio, 6 million still photographs, over 4 million items of sheet music, and over half-a-million documents and records. It is a working media library, fulfilling some 4,000 loans per week, as well as preserving content as part of the UK’s national cultural heritage. A team of cataloguers and media managers classify a selection of current content, as well as enhancing cataloguing and classification of legacy content. There are two major classification schemes used in the Archive, both numerical, and one based on UDC. Lonclass, based on UDC, was developed first, then Telclass, which is used by the Natural History Unit in Bristol. In addition, there are many and various controlled vocabularies that have been developed to tag content in the different nations (Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland) and the English regions.
    • The UDC Philosophy Revision: First Report

      Gnoli, Claudio (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The author of this report has been charged by the UDC Consortium to study the possibility of a revision of class 1 Philosophy. Psychology, of the Universal Decimal Classification. In order to explore the situation and discuss possibilities of revising Class 1, an informal working group was formed at the beginning of 2009 by the author of this report. Members of the working group agreed that the revised class should have a fully faceted structure. One basic step in the revision study is to identify the facets needed to express the contents of philosophical knowledge appropriately. To this purpose, one starting point was provided by examination of the facets of philosophy in existing classifications, in particular BC2. The next steps will be to pay more attention to the details of classes and subclasses, and to the update of terminology and presentation of the schedule. All these components are expected to be included in a final proposal for revision of class 1.
    • Improving African Languages Classification: initial investigation and proposal

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The importance of languages in the UDC is consistent with the significance of linguistic facets for knowledge organization in general. Languages are the main facet category implicated in processes as crucial as the development of the Linguistics class, the organization of national and regional literatures, the categorization of human ancestries, ethnic groupings and nationalities, and the description of the language in which a document is written. Language numbers are extensively used across the entire UDC scheme, and form the basis for a faceted approach in class structuring and number building. For this reason, Common Auxiliaries of Languages (Table 1c) deserve special attention. Upon the completion of the revision of American indigenous languages (2007-2008), it was evident that other language families would benefit from the same careful examination. The next class we are looking to improve is =4, Afro-Asiatic, Nilo-Saharan, Congo-Kordofanian, Khoisan languages. Thus, in 2009 the author has started a research into indigenous languages of Africa. In this paper, the initial research findings for the improvement of the class =4 are presented.
    • Information Marketing through Library Liaison Programs in India: Perspectives and Concerns

      Manalan, Jesudoss; Babu, Preedip Balaji; Rani, B.S. Swaroop (SALIS, Chennai, 2009-07)
      This paper draws upon today’s information organizations – libraries, archives and museums and how these cultural entities should be equipped to manage and usher in change, keeping pace with the fast changing web environment to realize their mission, relevance and purpose. The information services industry is undergoing a turbulent phase in our times, wherein the information is produced, traded, repacked, copied, reproduced, rehashed and re-sold. While information products and services are conveyed through conventional ways, it is the liaison program – which takes the place of classical ways of marketing by becoming the brand ambassador of ‘information marketing.’ Library liaisons are trained and engaged in such a way that they take on the role of aggressive salesman to marshal information and to promote the library services and information literacy. It also examines the role of librarians in the emerging digital economy to envisage and foster academic and research activities in learning organizations through library liaisons maximizing better results as a knowledge nerve centre.
    • UDC Biology Revision Project: First Stage: Class 59 Vertebrates

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      The paper presents and describes the work on the revision of the zoology of vertebrates, which is published in E&C 32 and introduced in UDC MRF 2010. This is the first stage of a larger project of revision, correction and update affecting all tables related to systematics (zoology, botany, microbiology and virology) to be undertaken from 2011-2013. The first part of the paper briefly introduces the current systems of classification of living and extinct beings, and explains how different perspectives with respect to the arrangement of biological entities have been reflected (or not) in the UDC schedules. The second part gives an overview of problems detected in UDC prior to this revision and explains solutions that were implemented in UDC MRF 2010 indicating tools and methods used in this work.
    • Action-Research application in Evidence-Based practice for libraries

      Civallero, Edgardo; UDC Consortium (2007-08)
      Evidence Based Librarianship (EBL) seeks for and promotes the improvement of the librarian practice through the use of the best available evidence. Strongly used in medical contexts, Evidence Based Practice can be an important tool for the development of LIS, if practice is carefully thought and wisely combined with research and theoretical reflection. In order to achieve a state of equilibrium between theories and empirical studies, a qualitative method –action research- may be applied, as a dialogue between abstract ideas and the facts and signs provided by concrete experiences. Through action research, librarians can collect the evidence –using a series of qualitative tools- and use it for building theoretical knowledge in order to improve their work and their profession. From this viewpoint, after putting something into practice they will be able to know whether it worked as expected or not, make any change if it is necessary, and test the whole process again, searching more and new evidence. The method becomes a progressive helix that leads librarians to continuously evaluate their activities and services and improve them according of their final users’ needs. Fitting these ideas in the general context of “Library 2.0” new LIS model and in the particular situation of Social Sciences libraries, the conference briefly introduces some basic ideas on how action research should be employed for collecting and using evidence in LIS.
    • Using MARC classification format for UDC and mappings to other KO systems for an enriched authority file

      San Segundo, Rosa (UDC Consortium, 2009-12)
      The USMARC classification format, developed in the early 1990s for the DDC and LCC systems, is also amenable for other classification systems. This paper presents a proposal for using the MARC classification format for UDC. There are advantages in using this format for the UDC data in an authority file, e.g., for the MRF records and records for combined notations as well. There has been a trend in library catalogues for subject interoperability between traditional classification systems such as the UDC, DDC, LCC and subject headings. An example with great impact is WebDewey, which offers interlinking between classification numbers, the alphabetical index of the tables and LCSH. Another example is the electronic version of LCC Plus, also including links to LCSH. Subject gateways built upon library authority files can support the interoperability between classification systems and subject headings. These gateways can be the backbone of a more universal access through hypertextual navigation structures supported by classification systems including UDC. To our knowledge, the MARC classification format has not yet been applied to the UDC and in this paper we are going to propose a solution supported by some examples.
    • Application of Electronic UDC in the Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology

      Zaytseva, Ekaterina (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      In Russia the most widely used library classifications are the national scheme BBK (Library Bibliographic Classification) and the UDC. The Russian National Public Library for Science and Technology is the leading scientific and technical library in Russia. It has a long tradition of classifying literature according to the UDC which started back in 1963. For many years the Library provided support for classification by UDC and also assisted in the areas of research and information while also acting as a supervisor in the matter of indexing for the network of scientific and technical libraries of Russia and the USSR. The paper describes the use of UDC in the environment of the electronic catalogue and the automated library system.
    • UDC in Ukraine 2009-2010: new developments

      Nabhan, Yulia (UDC Consortium, 2010-12)
      There are two main classification systems used in Ukraine, such as Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) and Library Bibliographic Classification (LBC). UDC is used mainly in libraries of higher education institutions, scientific, scientific-and-technical, medical, agricultural and other specialized libraries, information centres and publishing houses. The paper introduces recent developments (2009-2010 period) regarding UDC in Ukraine.