• Structure-Activity Study of a-N-Methylated SHU9119 Analogues, hMC4R/TNF-a Antagonists, and Mutational Studies of the Melanocyte Stimulating Hormone Receptor

      Zingsheim, Morgan Robert; Hruby, Victor J.; Cai, Minying; Tollin, Gordon (The University of Arizona., 2009)
      The human melanocortin receptors (hMCRs) play a fundamental role in human behavior such as satiety, feeding, sexual and more. A set of SHU9119 peptide derivatives were studied for their structure-activity relationships. These peptides contained a sequential a-N-methylation amino acid scan.A second set of peptide derivatives intended to be used to create TNF-a; inhibition, via the melanocortin receptors. These peptides were shown to bind to all of the hMCR receptors, and only exhibit cAMP stimulation at hMC1R/hMC5R.The data from both of the sets of compounds illustrate that small changes in the stereochemistry of the SH9119 and TNF-a; derivatives cause drastic changes in the binding and the agonistic/antagonist properties of the compounds.This thesis determined the effect that hMC1R mutations have on the binding and cAMP response of well characterized ligands. This study ruled out 9 different residues for being the required for the cAMP response of the hMC1R.