• Furance and carbon dioxide laser densification of sol-gel derived silicon oxide-titanium oxide-aluminum oxide planar optical waveguides

      Fabes, Brian D.; Zelinski, Brian J. J.; LoStracco, Gregory, 1960- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      An experimental investigation on the furnace and CO₂ laser densification of sol-gel derived SiO₂-TiO₂-Al₂O₃ planar optical waveguides was performed. Solutions containing equal mole fractions of tetraethoxysiline [Si(C₂H₅O)₄], titanium ethoxide [Ti(C₂H₅O)₄], aluminum tri-sec-butoxide [Al(C₄H₉O)₃] were used to spin films with a nominal 2:2:1 molar SiO₂-TiO₂-Al₂O₃ composition. Emphasis was placed on determining what effects the densification techniques had on film shrinkage, index change, crystallization and composition. Film shrinkage and refractive index change were found to be similar for both densification techniques. Fully dense, amorphous film were obtained with both methods. After densification, further heating caused titania crystalline phases to form with both processing techniques. However, anatase formed in the furnace fired films while rutile formed in the laser irradiated films.
    • Laser densification of sol-gel-derived silica coatings

      Fabes, Brian D.; Steinthal, Michael Gregory, 1964- (The University of Arizona., 1989)
      Sol-gel derived silica coatings were deposited on soda-lime-silica by dip-coating. An absorbing metallic layer was sputtered onto the surface of the gel to couple near-infrared radiation from a Nd:YAG laser into the transparent coating. Laser energy was utilized to heat the ceramic coating on a substrate which has a lower glass transition temperature than the coating. Scanning the sample across the beam's path resulted in the formation of a 50 mum wide channel. The characteristics of a channel were altered by varying laser power, sol-gel coating thickness, and scanning speeds. Profilometry and SEM analysis verified that the coating can be heated to high temperatures without damaging the substrate.