• Christian Science : an ethnographic look at perceptions of health and health care

      Glittenberg, JoAnn E.; Bryning, Susan Mary; Glittenberg, JoAnn E.; Glittenberg, JoAnn E.; Haase, Joan; Reed, Pamela (The University of Arizona., 1997)
      Christian Science: An Ethnographic Look at Perceptions of Health and Health Care addresses the questions: 1. What do Christian Scientists believe about health and health care? and 2. What is the Christian Scientist's perception about illness? These questions were answered by using participant observation and ethnographic interviews. Participant observation took place in several different settings and three informants participated individually through ethnographic interviews. Seven domains of meaning and six cultural themes were identified from the data collected. Examples of domains include: Individual Beliefs About Being Healthy, and Culture of Health in the Christian Science Church. One of the cultural themes was: Staying healthy requires Spiritual nourishment. The Christian Scientist's connectedness to God through their spiritual beliefs contribute to their overall health. Recommendations for health care workers as well as recommendations for future, more in depth study about Christian Science and health are presented.
    • An examination of depression, self-transcendence, perceived health, and functional status among male veterans in a geriatric rehabilitation program

      Reed, Pamela G.; Saboe, Susan; Haase, Joan; Reed, Pamela; Badger, Terry; Gerber, Rose; Forker, Judith (The University of Arizona., 1995)
      Until recently, intensive rehabilitative services were rarely offered to the elderly or those with significant comorbidities. However, the salience of geriatric rehabilitation programs has increased in this the "century of old age" (Butler, 1991 ). This study, a secondary data analysis, evaluated the outcomes of one such program on three identified variables of depression, self-transcendence, and perceived health and explored the relationships of those variables and social support as predictors of functional status, the traditional marker of rehabilitative success. Sixty-four veterans were evaluated before and after a program of geriatric rehabilitation. Results indicated a significant increase in functional status and perceived health. Consistent with previous studies, the degree of functional status on admission to the program was the only significant predictor of discharge functional status. These findings support the utility of geriatric rehabilitation programs in increasing functional status in the elderly.
    • The experience of completing drug abuse resistance education (DARE) for fifth grade children

      Haase, Joan; Sickels, Julie Ann (The University of Arizona., 1997)
      This phenomenological study qualitatively explores 5th grade children ' s lived experience of completing DARE (drug abuse resistance education) to promote understanding of the meaning of DARE for children. The study is a secondary analysis of essays collected by the police department. A random sample of 23 essays answering the question "What does DARE mean to you and why do you want to remain drug free?" were analyzed. Themes which emerged were: DARE is educational ; drugs are bad; gangs are bad; and DARE impacts children's lives, society, and the future. Children found DARE valuable and fun; gained knowledge about risks and consequences of cigarettes, alcohol, drugs, and gangs ; learned about pressures to use drugs, resistance techniques, and decision making skills. Children practice resistance techniques in skits. DARE gives children a sense of safety, and hope for a better future in a more perfect world. Findings, and implications for research and practice are discussed
    • A phenomenological study of surviving breast cancer following a bone marrow transplant

      Haase, Joan; Mayer, Kelly Kish, 1966- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      The qualitative research methodology of phenomenology was used to explore the experience of surviving breast cancer following a bone marrow transplant. Three women who had undergone a bone marrow transplant for breast cancer were interviewed using an open-ended question. The interviews were audiotape recorded. The interviews were analyzed using an adaptation of Colaizzi's eight step procedure. Eight theme categories were identified: Coming to Know You Have Breast Cancer, Going to War, The Core of Survival, Knowing Myself, Control of Survival, Family Survival, Time Orientation, and Possibility of Death. An essential structure was derived from the data indicating that survival of breast cancer following bone marrow transplant is three dimensional. The dimensions include a perspective of the survival experienced in the past intertwined with daily survival and a future perspective.
    • The use of slow stroke back massage in hospice and palliative care

      Gerber, Rose M.; Huff, Ingrid Margaret; Gerber, Rose M.; Glittenberg, Jody; Haase, Joan (The University of Arizona., 1998)
      This descriptive, non-randomized study of a convenience sample of eleven subjects describes the use of Slow Stroke Back Massage (SSBM) relative to the hospice/palliative care patient's perception of pain and distress. Data collection included two self-report tools: the Faces Pain Rating Scale and the Distress Scale. Also used \Vas the Datascope Accutor Pulse OximeterTM to obtain data on peripheral pulse rate and peripheral Sp02 levels. Chart review and a demographic form were also used. Data analysis vvas done using descriptive non-parametric statistics. The subjects reported lower pain and distress and demonstrated lower pulse rates after the intervention. This study provides some evidence of the usefulness of this 3- minute independent nursing intervention which can be safely used as a complementary pain and stress relief measure on a hospice/palliative care unit.