• Politicizing Queer Brazilian Intersectionalities: How LGBTQ+ Activism and Advocacy Has Remained Resilient Within a Complicated Conservative Brazil

      Bacelar da Silva, Antonio José; Gonzalez, Alexander; da Costa Bezerra, Kátia; Retis, Jessica (The University of Arizona., 2022)
      Despite acts of hate and discrimination against individuals who identify as LGBTQ+ having been criminalized in Brazil since 2019, two years later LGBTQ+ activists and advocates have continued to fight for their rights and protections within Brazilian society. Within the last twelve years, Brazil has made strides to write laws that recognize and protect the LGBTQ+ community, but often times queer realities tell another story. During President Jair Bolsonaro’s election, and even well into his presidency, he has expressed his strong and explicit disdain for LGBTQ+ people. While it is now federally prohibited to discriminate and inflict harm on someone based on their sexuality or gender identity, members of the LGBTQ+ community continue to endure human rights violations every day. Add in notions of race, class, and religion and the issue becomes even more complex. By working through frameworks such as belonging, intersectionality, and resilience, this project aim to show the state in which this historically disenfranchised group finds itself in today, as a critical moment in Brazilian society approaches⎼ another presidential election in 2022. I demonstrate how activists and members of the LBGTQ+ community empower themselves and their respective communities within the Brazilian political landscape, through highlighting and politicizing parts of their unique and multifaceted identities, as well through forming associations and relationships to shed light on important and common issues. This can be achieved through direct and indirect forms of political subjectivity, all while simultaneously remaining resilient and hopeful for the future. Additionally, the study brings awareness to the lived experiences of Brazilian LGBTQ+ members within the city of Rio de Janeiro. The study is made up of qualitative data, consisting of semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire.