Now showing items 8047-8066 of 14977

    • Isotopic composition of stable carbon and carbon dioxide concentration of atmosphere in streambeds near Tombstone, Arizona

      Riddle, Jeffrey Scott.; Simpson, Eugene S. (The University of Arizona., 1984)
      Gas samples were taken at approximately a meter deep about every 30 days for a year at three sites from ephemeral streambeds of the Walnut Gulch Watershed near Tombstone, Arizona. The streambeds are composed of sands and gravels of volcanic or granitic origin and free of vegetation. Two of the sites are underlain by a conglomeritic layer from 90 cm below streambed surface to some unknown depth. The data from these two sites had CO₂ concentration values ranging from .39% vol. to .02% vol. and δ¹³C values ranging from -9.07%. to -19.02%0. The third site has no evidence of a conglomeritic layer near the streambed surface. The CO₂ concentration values ranged from .94% vol. to .29% vol. and δ¹³C values ranged from -17.53%. to -20.75%.. All δ¹³C values are with respect to PDB. Changes of CO₂ concentration and δ¹³C values were related to flood events, physical characteristics of the streambed and banks, type of bank vegetation, season, and fractionation of ¹³C and ¹²C between gaseous CO₂ and bicarbonate. Atmospheric CO₂ contributed significantly to the streambed atmosphere following flood events; the relative importance of atmospheric CO₂ diminished as a function of the ease with which root-respired CO₂ recharged a site.
    • Issues and Responses to Urban Encroachment at the Edge of Western Protected Public Lands

      Metz-Estrella, Tania M.; Pivo, Gary; Huntoon, Laura; Shaw, William (The University of Arizona., 2007)
    • Item Analysis for the Development of the Shirts and Shoes Test for 6-Year-Olds

      Plante, Elena; Tucci, Alexander; Plante, Elena; Alt, Mary; Kielar, Aneta (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      The development of a standardized assessment can, in general, be broken into multiple stages. In the first, items to be used in the assessment are generated according to the skills and abilities that are to be assessed and the needs of the developers. These items are then, ideally, tested in the field on members of the population for which the assessment is intended. Item Response Theory (IRT) analysis is used to reveal items in the item pool which are unusable due to measurement error, redundancy in the level of item difficulty, or bias. More potential items may be generated and tested until there is a set of valid items with which the developers can move forward. The present study focused on the steps of item tryout and analysis for the establishment of demonstrable item-level validity. Fifty-one potential test items were analyzed for a version of the Shirts and Shoes Test (Plante & Vance, 2012) for 6-year-olds. A total of 23 items were discarded due to error in one or more of the measures mentioned above, and one item was discarded due to its low difficulty. The remaining 27 items were deemed suitable for the 6-year-old population.
    • Iterative methods for structural systems

      Konrath, Edwin John (The University of Arizona., 1969)
    • "Its future beyond prophecythe City of New Jersey, worthy sister of New York": John Cotton Dana's vision for the Newark Museum, 1909-1929

      Shiffrar, Genevieve Ruth, 1966- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      A member of America's established cultural elite, John Cotton Dana (1856-1929) aimed to wrest cultural and economic authority from the nouveau riche through his role as the first director of the Newark Museum. In his favorite exhibition, "New Jersey Textiles," he encouraged local immigrant laborers to improve the design of goods that he simultaneously prompted middle-class women to purchase. He imagined that, as a result, Newark's manufacturing sector would blossom without nouveau-riche involvement; the region would soon rival its new-money neighbor, New York City. Under Dana's supervision, Jarvis Hunt (1859-1941) designed the 1926 Newark Museum building, employing the conventions of contemporary office architecture (predating a similar strategy at the Museum of Modern Art) to articulate this vision. The Metropolitan Museum of Art designed a series of exhibitions indebted to Dana's ideas. Ironically, the Metropolitan has received credit for innovations that Dana had designed to challenge New York's preeminence.
    • Its No Secret at All: Extra Economic and Exogenous Development and Change in the Interwar Egyptian Economy, 1919-1939

      Smith, Charles D.; Murphy, Evan Roger; Smith, Charles D.; Hudson, Leila; Gibbs, David N. (The University of Arizona., 2009)
      The development of the interwar Egyptian economy resulted from interactions between extra-economic and exogenous factors, normally seen as lying outside the economic sphere in historical accounts. Local economic elites successfully challenged colonial domination of the local economy by utilizing a number of strategies to found locally controlled businesses. The strategy of economic nationalism allowed the local elite to break into the foreign dominated Egyptian economy. By 1927 this strategy was adjusted to facilitate partnerships with foreign firms who sought out partners due to the exigencies of the Great Depression. Foreign powers interested in Egypt began to see colonial control as a detriment to their continued influence in Egypt following their increased economic success in the country. Along with strategic factors this would bring about the diminution of the capitulations in 1937 in favor of bi-lateral trade arrangements.
    • J. Ross Browne as special agent in the West, 1854-1860

      Goodman, David M. (David Michael) (The University of Arizona., 1964)
    • Jack London and socialism: a study in contrasts

      Tuso, Joseph F. (The University of Arizona., 1964)
    • Jack London's literary treatment of women

      Garfield, Virve M. Sein, 1938- (The University of Arizona., 1963)
    • Jack London's superman: the objectification of his life and times

      Kerstiens, Eugene J. (The University of Arizona., 1952)
    • Jainendra Kumar's The Resignation: a critique

      Orman, Stanley Bradford, 1943- (The University of Arizona., 1968)
    • Jakón Jói / hɐ'kõ 'hoʔi / – A Life-Giving Good Voice, Word, Language, and Message: Decolonizing the Shipibo-Konibo Dictionary and Language

      Zepeda, Ofelia; Kickham, Elizabeth A.; Best, B. R.; Gilmore, Perry (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Indigenous languages are important agents of the Indigenous Decolonization Process with the potential to heal the deep wounds of colonization. Yet, few connections have been made on how Indigenous lexicography and Indigenous language dictionaries can assist these processes. By examining the literature on language, Indigenous linguistics and lexicography, and decolonization I demonstrate how the connections among these concepts can be applied to a viable process for decolonizing an Indigenous language dictionary. As a white male who has spent the past 16 years living, working with, and learning how language can heal from citizens of the Shipibo-Konibo Nation of the central Peruvian Amazon, I present my auto-ethnographical account of a nascent collaborative project working to decolonize the Shipibo-Konibo dictionary. This project is actively applying Indigenous linguistic wisdom to support events and processes of decolonization. The powers inherent in language are integral to maintaining well-being and can promote and support Indigenous decolonization efforts. A key approach to using Indigenous languages to assist decolonization can be found by recognizing colonial residues within the archaeo-linguistic record by examining pre- and post-colonized elements of languages. Careful, community-based decolonization of linguistic resources can strengthen revitalization objectives and support the regeneration of Indigenous language and culture. Such thinking underlies the proposed project to decolonize the Shipibo-Konibo Dictionary through its revision and regeneration, a process which has opened local discourses on Decolonization─a concept that was notably absent in the region─and has spurred the creation of a Shipibo-Konibo radio program and other activities focused on linguistic and cultural regeneration.
    • Jane Austen's attitude toward the Gothic novel

      Brandon, Eugenie Josephine, 1894- (The University of Arizona., 1935)
    • Japan Made for America: The Image and Influence of Japan on the 1904 World’s Fair

      Schlachet, Joshua; Stroble, Emily; Miura, Takashi; Du, Heng (The University of Arizona., 2020)
      The 1904 World’s Fair, held in St. Louis, Missouri, was an important turning point for Japan both internationally as well as within the United States. The 1903 Domestic Industrial Exhibition held in Osaka impacted the timeline and the scale of the 1904 Fair as well as the foreign exhibits therein. By studying Japan’s relations with the world in 1903 and the impact that the country had on the World’s Fair in 1904, a better understanding of Japan’s place as a global power can be formed, including their simultaneous involvement in the Russo-Japanese War. The “Japan made for America” was a curated view of Japan designed specifically to appeal to an American audience and leave an impression of a Japan that was heavily influenced by Meiji ideology but maintained a traditional appearance harkening back to the Tokugawa Era and before. This image of Japan left both subtle and obvious impressions on the people who attended, from the casual fairgoer to the other foreign countries that attended the fair.
    • The Japanese family/firm analogy: A critical analysis

      Netting, Robert M.; Poncelet, Eric Claude, 1962- (The University of Arizona., 1991)
      The Japanese family/firm analogy has been utilized in the past by anthropological and business scholars for the purposes of better understanding the traditional Japanese family household (the ie) and the modern-day firm. The purpose of this study is to determine the appropriateness and utility of this analogy. To accomplish this, the study reconstructs the analogy by describing the models and theories upon which it is based and then examines it from a critical viewpoint. The conclusions are mixed. The study finds that the family/firm analogy is applicable, but only within the narrow limits defined by the specific ie and modern firm models. The analogy suffers further from its misrepresentation of Japanese families and firms, internal contradictions, and a disregard for social, economic, and political contexts. What is ultimately lost through the use of the analogy is the great complexity and diversity of Japanese society.
    • Japanese women's wartime patriotic organizations and postwar memoirs: Reality and recollection

      Bernstein, Gail L.; Tsunematsu, Naomi, 1966- (The University of Arizona., 1994)
      Japanese women have often described themselves as passive "victims" of the Pacific War, and in their wartime memoirs (senso taikenki) they have related their suffering in the hope of preventing future wars. However, when we closely examine Japanese women' s activities and beliefs during the war, we find that women were not necessarily completely detached from wartime efforts. Many women actively and even enthusiastically cooperated with the state. Even if they did not actively fight on the battlefield and kill people on foreign soil, many women were part of the total war structure, helping to stir up the patriotism that drove Japanese to fight in the war. This thesis looks at how Japanese women, through patriotic women' s organizations, were involved in the Pacific War, and what they actually believed during the war, in contrast with their recollections of the war in their senso taikenki.