Now showing items 10497-10516 of 20274

    • J.S. Bach's BWV 232: Augmented Sixth Chords in the Symbolum Nicenum as Structural and Theological Unifying Factors

      Chamberlain, Bruce B.; Lusted, Luke Alan; Chamberlain, Bruce B.; Schauer, Elizabeth R.; Brobeck, John T. (The University of Arizona., 2015)
      The focus of the present research is to examine Johann Sebastian Bach's (1685-1750) use of augmented sixth chords in the Symbolum Nicenum portion of his Mass in B Minor, BWV 232, as structural and theological unifying factors. Previous scholarly research has focused on other composers' settings of the Crucifixus text and detailed the conventions of chromatic harmony that many have incorporated in their works. Analysis of Bach's works dealing with Christ's crucifixion indicates that Bach was aware of both the augmented sixth chord and the conventions such a chord provided in service of Affekt. Further investigation of Bach's placement of these augmented sixth chords in the Symbolum Nicenum suggests that he intended to emphasize specific theological arguments presented in Martin Luther's (1483-1546) Ein Sermon von der Betrachtung des heiligen Leidens Christi ("A Sermon of Meditation on Christ's Holy Passion") written in 1519. In analyzing J.S. Bach's usage of augmented sixth chords in the Symbolum Nicenum, one recognizes his use of this sonority in service of Affekt for Christ's crucifixion related to Lutheran Passion theology.
    • J.S. Bach's Suite in G Minor, BWV 995: A Comparison of Manuscripts for Violoncello, Lute and Lute Intabulation as a Model for a Guitar Arrangement of the Suite in D Major BWV 1012

      Patterson, Thomas; Fojas, Ivar-Nicholas; Patterson, Thomas; Rosenblatt, Jay; Buchholz, Theodore (The University of Arizona., 2017)
      J.S. Bach (1685 – 1750) is celebrated for his exemplary musical compositions, but less known is Bach the inveterate transcriber. He not only transcribed at least nine concertos by Antonio Vivaldi (1678 – 1741), but he also arranged and adapted his own works, recasting them for other instruments. Among Bach's arrangements, are those for the lute, which were originally written for solo violin and cello. These two arrangements form a significant portion of J.S. Bach’s oeuvre for the lute, an instrument Bach would have been familiar with through his encounters with the finest lutenists of the age. Bach's lute arrangements provide valuable insight into the editorial decisions that were made when transcribing from solo strings to the lute, an instrument most similar to the guitar in sonority, structure and technique. This study examines J.S. Bach's process of arranging for the lute by comparing three extant versions of the same work: Bach’s Suite in C Minor BWV 1011 for cello, his Suite in G Minor BWV 995 for lute and an unsigned version in lute tablature dating back to Bach's time in Leipzig (Sammlung Becker. MS. III. 11. 3, housed at the Stadtbibliothek of Leipzig). The three extant versions of the Suite in G Minor form a unique trifecta among Bach's body of works that can be compared to reveal unique features in Bach's lute arrangements. By comparing the three sources, this study will demonstrate that J.S. Bach displayed a propensity towards musical elaboration when arranging from violoncello to the lute. In particular, Bach had a tendency to elaborate the following musical elements: melody, harmony, polyphony and rhythm. This study will show that these elaborations may be applied in a new guitar arrangement of Bach’s Suite in D Major BWV 1012. Finally, this author hopes that this study may be used as a guide or starting point for other arrangers in their attempt to create a stylistically cogent guitar arrangement of Bach’s unaccompanied works for violin or cello.
    • J.S. Bach’s Chaconne for Solo Violin: A Performer-Composer’s Approach to Interpretation

      Roth, Lauren R.; Aléjo, Philip; Abraham, Immanuel Tzemach; Patterson, R. Thomas; Brobeck, John T. (The University of Arizona., 2018)
      The thesis of this document comprises two parts. The first demonstrates that recomposing Bach’s Chaconne has formed an interpretive tradition among performer-composers over the past one hundred eighty years. The second is dependent upon the first, and explicates how this tradition may be methodically used by performer-composers interpreting Bach’s Chaconne upon the unaccompanied modern violin. A comprehensive realization of this thesis has been arranged by the author in a complete, annotated score following the document's conclusions.
    • J.S. Hermstedt and the Four Clarinet Concertos of Louis Spohr

      Denman, John; Montoya, Patrick A. (The University of Arizona., 1980)
      Great clarinet virtuosi have always been involved in the expansion of the repertoire for their instrument. In some cases they were themselves gifted composers--a good example being Franz Tauch--but their greatest contribution by far has been their ability to inspire other, better composers to devote the time and creative energy necessary to the composition of major works for an instrument not usually thought of as a major solo medium. Johann Simon Hermstedt's collaboration with Louis Spohr is a lesser known example of such composer-clarinet virtuoso partnerships which have included, among others, Mozart and Stadler, Weber and Baermann, and Brahms and Muehlfeld.

      Davis, Donald Rae, 1939- (The University of Arizona., 1967)
    • Jacobians of etale covers of the projective line minus three points

      Kim, Minhyong; Rasmussen, Christopher Jorgen (The University of Arizona., 2004)
      We consider the outer pro-2 Galois representation on the algebraic fundamental group of the projective line minus three points. This representation has a kernel, whose fixed field Ω₂, is a pro-2 extension of Q(μ₂∞), unramified away from 2. The fields of 2-power torsion of the Jacobians of curves defined over Q, possessing good reduction away from 2, are also pro-2 extensions of Q(μ₂∞), unramified away from 2. In this dissertation, we show that these fields are contained in O2 for certain choices of curves. In particular, the result is shown for all elliptic curves over Q with good reduction away from 2. In proving this theorem, we will demonstrate that these curves appear in the tower of finite etale 2-covers of the projective line minus three points. In the final chapter, we briefly consider three natural generalizations of the result and give partial results in these cases. Specifically, we consider the case of elliptic curves defined over certain extensions of Q, the case of the prime ℓ = 3, and the case of higher genus curves occurring as 2-covers.
    • Jacobians of plane quintic curves of genus one

      McCallum, William G.; Al-Shammari, Fahd M. (The University of Arizona., 2002)
      Let K be a number field. By representing genus one curves as plane quintic curves with 5 double points, we construct (up to birational equivalence) the universal elliptic curves defined over the modular curves X₁(5) and X(μ)(5) (X(μ)(5) is the modular curve parameterizing pairs (E, i : (μ)₅ → E) where E is an elliptic curve over Q). We then twist the latter by elements coming from H¹(Gal(K̅/K), (μ)₅) to construct universal families of principal homogeneous spaces for the curves E. Finally we show that every principal homogeneous space arising this way is visible in some abelian variety.

      Carter, Paul; WEBB-VIGNERY, JUNE. (The University of Arizona., 1985)
      In 1896, Carlos Jacome opened "La Bonanza," a general mercantile store in downtown Tucson. For eighty-four years the store flourished, evolving into a mainstay of Tucson's retail life as Jacome's Department Store. As the store grew and prospered it developed a distinctive image derived from the Mexican-American background of its owners and managers which set it apart from other retail establishments in Tucson's downtown business district. Special attention placed on the two men guiding Jacome's growth and development, Carlos and later his son, Alex, Sr., provided an opportunity to examine the interaction between Mexican-American culture and the store's internal and external environments. Additionally, comparisons between Jacome's and their competitors, Anglo-owned retail stores in the downtown business district, delineated the effect of culture upon Jacome's organizational structure and the store's survival strategy. Like Jacome's, each of these stores had its roots in an era when Tucson was far removed from the mainstream of American economic life and local concerns dictated survival. Fundamental changes in American business organization, economy, and values beginning with World War I and reaching maturity during the 1920's portended an end to Tucson's placid retail environment. Many of these changes brought short-term benefits, but by the 1960's it was evident that in the long run they had worked against the independent retailers' interests. Increasingly, like their counterparts across the United States, Tucson's merchants encountered increased competition from chain stores and shopping centers, as well as problems tied to their central city location and the repeal of federal and state fair trade laws. As problems multiplied each retailer in downtown Tucson pursued a separate survival strategy. Primary in Jacome's strategic decisions was the precedence family interests took over the maximum exploitation of economic opportunities. Ultimately, however, whatever decision was reached, Tucson's independent department stores faced extinction. Within a few years of Jacome's closing in 1980 the last of the old-time department stores, at one time synonymous with retailing in Tucson, were gone.

      Paré, Marie Sylvie, 1923- (The University of Arizona., 1974)
    • The Jade File System.

      Peterson, Larry; Rao, Herman Chung-Hwa.; Schlichting, Rochard; Hudson, Scott (The University of Arizona., 1991)
      File systems have long been the most important and most widely used form of shared permanent storage. File systems in traditional time-sharing systems such as Unix support a coherent sharing model for multiple users. Distributed file systems implement this sharing model in local area networks. However, most distributed file systems fail to scale from local area networks to an internet. This thesis recognizes four characteristics of scalability: size, wide area, autonomy, and heterogeneity. Owing to size and wide area, techniques such as broadcasting, central control, and central resources, which are widely adopted by local area network file systems, are not adequate for an internet file system. An internet file system must also support the notion of autonomy because an internet is made up by a collection of independent organizations. Finally, heterogeneity is the nature of an internet file system, not only because of its size, but also because of the autonomy of the organizations in an internet. This thesis introduces the Jade File System, which provides a uniform way to name and access files in the internet environment. Jade is a logical system that integrates a heterogeneous collection of existing file systems, where heterogeneous means that the underlying file systems support different file access protocols. Because of autonomy, Jade is designed under the restriction that the underlying file systems may not be modified. In order to avoid the complexity of maintaining an internet-wide, global name space, Jade permits each user to define a private name space. In Jade's design, we pay careful attention to avoiding unnecessary network messages between clients and file servers in order to achieve acceptable performance. Jade's name space supports two novel features: It allows multiple file systems to be mounted under one directory, and it permits one logical name space to mount other logical name spaces. A prototype of Jade has been implemented to examine and validate its design. The prototype consists of interfaces to the Unix File System, the Sun Network File System, and the File Transfer Protocol.

      Cohen, Michael, 1943- (The University of Arizona., 1971)
    • Jan Dismas Zelenka's Missa Dei Patris (1740): The Use of stile misto in Missa Dei Patris (ZWV 19)

      Chamberlain, Bruce B.; Cho, Hyunjin; Chamberlain, Bruce B.; Schauer, Elizabeth; Bayless, Robert (The University of Arizona., 2010)
      Bohemian-born Baroque composer, Jan Dismas Zelenka (1679 --1745) and his music have been little known until recently. During his career in Dresden as a court church composer from 1710 until his death in 1745, Zelenka composed over150 sacred choral compositions.The three masses in the collection entitled Missae ultimae (ZWV 19 -- 21) were written toward the end of his life, between 1740 and 1741. Like his other masses, these three are cantata masses, in which the texts of the mass ordinary are divided, and set as separate movements.In each movement of each mass, Zelenka uses various forms, and compositional techniques in two different styles. Some movements are written in stile antico featuring imitative or fugal techniques. Other movements are written in stile moderno, and can be divided into two categories: choruses with orchestral ritornellos, and arias for solo voice or soli voices. Of great interest, however, is the skill with which Zelenka uses these two different styles within a complete setting of the mass ordinary, or even within single movements, creating stile misto in Missae ultimae by matching specific musical approaches to the character of the different texts.I will first discuss various musical forms and styles in the three masses of Missae ultimae. In Chapter 4, I will focus on the first mass, Missa Dei Patris (ZWV 19), since this work shows more stylistic contrast between movements than the other two masses. In Chapter 4, I will outline the compositional techniques of each movement. For the sake of consistency, the titles of each movement have been capitalized as published in Das Erbe Deutscher Musik -- Bands 93 (1985), 100 (1989), and 101 (1989) -- of Breitkopf und Hartel.
    • Janacek's Diary of One Who Vanished: Background and Preparation for Performance

      Parks, David W. (The University of Arizona., 1982)
      The purpose of this paper is to document the results of the research required to conscientiously prepare a performance of The Diary of One Who Vanished, by Leos Janacek. Too often, vocalists and instrumentalists alike find themselves in a performance not knowing the bare essentials needed to produce an acceptable performance. Research is necessary in the following areas: life history of the composer as well as historical and political conditions of his surroundings, compositional style of the composer and specific tools which he used in the composition of the music to be performed and, if the composition is vocal, a thorough investigation of the text. Only after a complete study in these areas can a performance of any music be intelligently given.
    • Japan's colonial educational policy in Korea, 1905-1930

      Bang, Hung Kyu, 1929- (The University of Arizona., 1972)
    • Japanese American Experiences in Internment Camps during World War II as Represented by Children's and Adolescent Literature

      Short, Kathleen G.; Inagawa, Machiko; Short, Kathleen G.; Anders, Patricia L.; Goodman, Yetta M. (The University of Arizona., 2007)
      This study examines the representation of Japanese American experiences in internment camps during World War II in children's and adolescent literature. This study focuses on a specific set of children's and adolescent books about one time period in the history of Japanese Americans. I have formulated two major research questions for this study. The first question: What are the characteristics of the selected children's and adolescent books about Japanese American experiences during World War II? The second question: How do the selected children's and adolescent books portray the experiences and responses of Japanese Americans during World War II?I selected fourteen books for inclusion in this study and analyzed the books related to my research questions. These books are organized into three genres: picture books, historical fiction, and nonfiction. The research methodology for this study is qualitative content analysis that includes methods for data collection and analysis and descriptions of the books and illustrations. I used the research questions to first examine books in each of the three genres and then make comparisons across the three genres.The findings based on the first research question include that the books are based on the research and experiences of both authors and illustrators and have a range of time periods from before the war to after the war. The findings also show that in the books, the authors and Japanese Americans express their criticism of Japanese Americans' experiences in the difficult situations related to the internment camps. They criticize the treatment of Japanese Americans by the U.S. government and discrimination against Japanese Americans.The analysis of the books based on the second research question provides insights into the experiences of Japanese Americans and how they felt, thought, and acted. The books portray the prejudice and discrimination faced by Japanese Americans from the point of immigrating to the United States and even after the war. The most important finding is that the books portray Japanese American children as creating lives of significance in the difficult conditions of assembly centers and internment camps.

      HAUSKNECHT, PHILLIP ARNE. (The University of Arizona., 1983)
      All major pollution incidents in contemporary Japan have spawned victims' protest movements. This dissertation is a case study of one such movement which emerged in the late 1960s among thousands of persons poisoned by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) that had accidentally leaked into their cooking oil. The study describes the evolution of victims' response to the disaster, beginning with the initial outbreak of symptoms, their efforts to uncover the cause of these symptoms and to receive appropriate medical treatment, and their organization of a movement to seek redress in the form of an apology from the manufacturer of the oil, reform by industry and government, and compensation. Victims utilized a variety of tactics before finally resorting to litigation in attempts to achieve their goals. Theirs was the largest pollution case ever tried in Japan. The final section of the study focuses on a major leader of the victims' movement, Kamino Ryuzo. A spokesman for the victims, Kamino, a retired miner and Christian convert, became a kind of anti-pollution ideologue. An account of his intellectual and religious odyssey and of the unique tactics forged by his family to cope with their predicament provides a perspective on victims' movements not found elsewhere. The study concludes that victims became their own advocates only after the government and industry failed to accept responsibility for pollution; that the victims went to court only reluctantly after all other avenues for redress were closed to them; and that, although they won their case, they felt it was a Pyrrhic victory, because they failed to attain all their goals, such as reform of industrial policy. Research is based on participation-observation, interviews, written materials produced by pollution victims and their supporters, and published newspaper accounts.

      Shioji, Hiroki (The University of Arizona., 1980)
      This paper is a socio-economic study of the modern Japanese family. It is intended as an update on field studies conducted by sociologists and anthropologists on the Japanese family system of the earlier post-war period, but this study was conducted through the compilation and analysis of nationwide data, rather than through field work in a particular community. The paper begins with a discussion of the significance of the traditional family system, followed by a history of the process of urbanization in Japan, particularly in the Greater Tokyo area. Changes in the labor force during industrialization are also set out in order to explain the importance and identity of the "salaryman" in the modern urban labor force. This study then examines the financial situation of today's family. It is demonstrated that increased costs of living, particularly in urban housing, put financial strain on the budget of the young urban salaryman, causing him to depend more than in previous decades on the earnings of his wife and on financial help from his elderly parents, in a reversal of long-standing cultural patterns. The urban housing market is described in detail, with an overview of the prices and locations of various types of homes in the Greater Tokyo area. Many families now change homes throughout their life cycle, starting with an apartment for the young adult or newlyweds, then a condominium in a high-rise building or a small, non-custom-built single-family residence for the young family, and finally, perhaps, a large custom-built single-family residence. However, it is increasingly the case that such a home is priced beyond the reach of all but the most affluent, or those who can pool the most resources from several adult family members. Because of this, it is pointed out, there may be a trend back toward the extended family, but now in the city instead of the countryside. The question of personal savings is also explored, since the Japanese have been renowned for their high rates of savings. It is shown that today's young salaryman is not able to make ends meet if he buys a home, and with Japan's slowing economic growth, it is unlikely that he will ever accumulate the degree of savings that earlier generations have. Finally, changes in the physical structure of the home are outlined, with emphasis on ways in which youngsters raised in a modern urban home may have different cultural and aesthetic values than do those who were raised in a traditional home with their grandparents. In conclusion, it is speculated that changes in home and family life which are now occurring will be accelerated within the next generation, but the Japanese may find unique ways to combine traditional values with the realities of modern urban life.
    • Japanese Female Aidoru Identities

      Jones, Kimberly; Yamamoto, Shiho; Diao, Wenhao; Camp, Margaret; Karatsu, Mariko (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Identities are constructed using various tools, both linguistic and non-linguistic. The purpose of this dissertation is to investigate the relationship between ideologies (images/understandings/views), linguistic styles, other aspects of style (e.g., clothing and physical appearances) and identity construction in the social interactions of Japanese female pop-idols (i.e., aidoru), taking as its basis theories and methods from sociolinguistics and anthropology. In this research, CD jacket covers, song lyrics and documentaries were analyzed from two aidoru groups from different time periods, Onyanko Club in the 1980s and AKB48 in the present era of the 2010s. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses reveal (1) how aidoru are portrayed in the images on CD covers and song lyrics, and whether contemporary portrayals of aidoru images differ from those in the past, (2) how aidoru view aidoru identity and position themselves accordingly, (3) has the aidoru ideology, including images and social expectations, have changed over time, and (4) what kind of linguistic features aidoru use to project certain identities, and whether contemporary language use of aidoru differ from the past. The findings in the present study point to a multitude of identities for aidoru. Images on CD jacket covers, lyric content, and linguistic features in lyrics suggest that Onyanko Club embodies young female, kawaii “cute” identities, based on the members’ smiling faces, school uniforms, colorful accessories, and cutesy costumes. On the other hand, AKB48 demonstrates not only kawaii images, but also more complex traits including sexy, kakkoii “cool,” and even toughness, drawing from their various expressions which depict the members as sometimes smiling, but also sometimes serious and stern; their costumes including both cutesy and boyish school uniforms, bikinis, and tough martial arts’ garb. Thematic discourse analysis has demonstrated how AKB48 members maintain some aspects of cute and innocent aidoru identities but additionally, they portray seemingly atypical aidoru identities including demonstrating professionalism and leadership. Turning to the use of language in conversation, the quantitative results indicate that Onyanko Club members employ both masculine and feminine expressions more frequently than AKB48 members. Japanese pop culture has seen intense globalization and has therefore received much attention worldwide. However, research on aidoru from a sociolinguistic standpoint has, as of yet, been underperformed. The present research argues that such analysis is an important step in revealing the links between language use, identity construction, and social ideologies. The findings generate implications for researchers interested in sociolinguistics, gender studies, anthropology, Japanese pop culture, and media studies.