Now showing items 10660-10679 of 20274

    • L'espace jaloux dans "La Jalousie" et dans "Sodome et Gomorrhe".

      Rogers, Suzanne Provost.; Wittig, Monique; Brown, Edward; Leibacher, Lise (The University of Arizona., 1995)
      In Alain Robbe-Grillet's La Jalousie and Marcel Proust's Sodome et Gomorrhe, semantic duality of "jealousy" makes it both a realistic objective architectural element (the shutter in the window) and an abstract subjective element (the feeling of jealousy). Architectural jealousy constitutes a metaphor of romantic jealousy, which is a formalization of jealous love in the text. The romantic environment makes jealous love appear a part of "natural" reality. Some techniques are used to colorize the decor according to an "interior universe." Fragmentation of space and the delineation of text into borders contribute to illustrate the paradoxical jealous space in which one can see the object of one's jealousy, but where one always meets only oneself. The closing of the text into borders allows displacement by way of analogy, description and understatement, processes that force the reader to explore the allegorical narrative and the jealous space, a textual space. In a metaphorical place, the distortion of the narrative instance's point of view brings on analogical displacement. In La Jalousie, the traces revealing the presence of the narrator in the narrative can be observed. The motifs reflect his own image, in a jealous space. The narrator of La Recherche displaces the object of his jealousy who is not Albertine but the text itself. The text is the jealous object. The characters, as per Bakhtin's theories, try to escape the dictatorial point of view of the jealous narrator; they hide in folds of text where there exist blind spots, shades and reflections. They use the romantic fallacy to represent to the narrator the image he wishes to see. The socio-semiotic paradigm illustrates the narrator's masculine voice, which only suggests the recipient of jealousy, the "she" object. Romanticism renders dictatorial jealousy obscure; it then appears as jealous love. Jealousy constitute a metaphor of the untold in the narrative.

      Leisure, Maryse Josette, 1937- (The University of Arizona., 1974)
    • L'Oeuvre Post-Retour D'Exil de Mongo Beti

      Taoua, Phyllis; Mokam, Yvonne-Marie; Taoua, Phyllis; Le Hir, Marie-Pierre; Clancy-Smith, Julia (The University of Arizona., 2009)
      The Return Home : Mongo Beti's Late OeuvreIn 1991 amid the wave of democracy sweeping Africa, Mongo Beti returned to his native country of Cameroon to continue his literary career after 32 years of exile in France. My dissertation investigates the originality of his homecoming discourse. I explore how this prominent writer's late oeuvre illustrates his struggle to re-discover the country he left decades earlier as well as how his experience of returning shaped a new literary perception. His work after returning home reflects his gradual re-acquaintance with and re-integration into his native country. I argue that at the outset, his perception is initially guided by a backward glance on the past and that his assessment of the present aims at resisting pessimistic representations of Africa. In his later works, however, one cannot but notice the same sentiments of dissatisfaction and disillusion that were based on his first hand experience. To this extent, Mongo Beti's post-return literature can be considered dynamic as it evolved over time. A diachronic approach allowed me to examine his changing perceptions and representations of Africa based on the magnitude of his comprehension of his environment at each point in time. His post-return writing demonstrates a progressive redefinition of some of his previous narrative techniques as regards such elements as political resistance, authoritative narrators, linear unfolding of the plot, time and space, and character development. My analysis also questions the concept of "home" as a place of safety and refuge just as his post-return novels portray exile as an ambiguous state of being in-between worlds, as an expression of a simultaneous connection to the "new old" home and the distant former one abroad. Therefore, there is a shift in Mongo Beti's post-return discourse away from questions of national responsibility and social progress rooted in a consciousness of belonging to a defined community. The conceptual organization of my dissertation is derived from my reading of each of the four texts of the post-return era, and the way they illustrate the author's process of re-discovery of postcolonial Cameroon.
    • L-type calcium channels mediate nicotinic acetylcholine receptor aggregation on cultured myotubes

      Gordon, Herman; Yool, Andrea; Milholland, Rebecca (The University of Arizona., 2003)
      In this dissertation, I have presented new information on several aspects of the signaling pathway responsible for the clustering of AChRs on muscle cells. First, I have shown that activation of L-CaChs is both necessary for agrin induced clustering of AChRs and sufficient to stimulate AChR clustering even in the absence of agrin. Additionally, I have shown that activation of AChRs causes their own clustering by influencing the activity of L-CaChs. I have also shown that neither AChRs nor L-CaChs play a role in MuSK activation or AChR beta subunit phosphorylation suggesting that the role of AChR and L-CaCh is downstream of MuSK activation and phosphorylation of the AChR beta subunit in the signaling cascade that leads to the aggregation of AChRs. Finally, I have shown that calcium induced clustering and phosphorylation of AChRs require LCaCh activation. These data suggested that although L-CaCh activation is insufficient to cause AChR beta subunit phosphorylation L-CaCh may modulate an intermediate step between MuSK activation and AChR phosphorylation. These data therefore support the hypothesis that L-CaCh activation delivers extracellular calcium to the intracellular machinery that regulates AChR clustering. Furthermore, these data establish the position of L-CaChs in the signaling hierarchy responsible for AChR clustering as being downstream of or parallel to both MuSK activation and AChR phosphorylation in the signaling cascade behind AChR clustering. The data presented in this paper begin to provide an integrated view of NMJ formation in which neuromuscular transmission, calcium signaling, and signaling cascades mediated by neurotrophic factors act in concert to regulate the localization of synaptic molecules to junctional regions of the muscle fiber. Many questions remain, however, regarding the events downstream of MuSK and L-CaCh activation.
    • L.D.S. seminary dropouts in Arizona, an analysis of the class of 1989.

      Grant, Robert T.; Fotheringham, Steven Craig.; Sacken, Donal M.; Newlon, Betty J. (The University of Arizona., 1990)
      This study explored the relationship between L.D.S. seminary discontinuation and the characteristics of individual dropouts. It also sought to identify distinguishing characteristics of students who continue enrollment in seminary. The seminary teachers and the program itself were considered for their impact on a student's decision to continue attendance. Major factors such as peer associations, Priesthood involvement, parental influence and recruitment practices were considered. The roll of public school academic requirements in connection with premature seminary dissociation were also investigated. Initially a sample of dropout and continuing students form Southern Arizona were interviewed using an open-ended, semi-structured format. This process elicited data in four major domains: (1) discriminating personal characteristics; (2) external factors; (3) structural factors; and (4) church related factors. The responses were analyzed and used to develop a second questionnaire. This second survey was then administered to a larger sample of dropout and continuing students throughout Arizona.
    • L1 and L2 Phonological Awareness in Adults

      Bunton, Kate; Wedel, Andrew; Hafner, Florian; Warner, Natasha (The University of Arizona., 2022)
      This study investigated English phonological awareness in adult native speakers of English (L1) andin relation to their phonological awareness skills and proficiency in their German (L2). Most research in L1 phonological awareness focuses on younger children, their phonological awareness development, the relationship between reading and phonological awareness, as well as disorders. Little is known about adults and their phonological awareness skills. Most often, adults are used as controls without further investigation. In cases where phonological awareness has been investigated in adults, it was mostly special populations such as poor readers, speech-language pathologists, or low literacy or illiterate adults. This study investigated adults L1 phonological awareness skills in English with tasks such as rhyming, segmenting, identifying, replacing, deleting, and reversing; a mispronunciation task was also included. Results show that while all tasks but segmenting and rhyming are close to ceiling, segmenting and rhyming exhibit great variability. Some individuals also showed below average performance on the other tasks, indicating that there is variation in adult L1 phonological awareness. The same adults were tested during their second semester of learning German, with the same tasks in German. The relation between their L1 and L2 phonological awareness skills was strong and significant. More interestingly, the segmenting and reversing task were more accurate in the subjects’ L2, possibly due to the shallower orthography of German. Finally, participants’ L2 proficiency was assessed with a C-Test. Results demonstrate a significant relation between the L2 phonological awareness skills and the L2 proficiency, despite the proficiency measure being one that more heavily focuses on grammar and vocabulary and not so much on pronunciation or sounds in general.
    • L1 Attrition: German Immigrants in the U.S.

      Ecke, Peter; Badstübner, Tina; Warner, Chantelle; Schulz, Renate; Dupuy, Beatrice (The University of Arizona., 2011)
      L1 attrition - which in the context of this study is defined as the decline of any native language skill (or portion thereof) in a healthy bilingual speaker (Ecke, 2004) - has been studied extensively for several decades. However, only few studies have examined the native speech of immigrants who use their L1 for professional purposes, such as language instructors (Isurin, 2007; Major, 1992; Porte, 1999, 2003). Furthermore, no research has been conducted comparing the L1 speech of such individuals with that of individuals who do not use their L1 for professional purposes. This study analyzed and compared L1 speech samples from two populations of German immigrants in the U.S., German Instructors and Other Professionals, and from a monolingual control group in Germany. It was hypothesized that German instructors may be less vulnerable to L1 attrition due to more frequent L1 use, a higher motivation to maintain the L1, and greater identification with the native language and culture. Data elicited through verbal fluency tasks, a film retelling task, a semi-structured interview, and a sociolinguistic questionnaire revealed significant differences between the control group and the two bilingual groups which point to L1 attrition (primarily as an access problem) in the bilingual speakers. The data also revealed significant differences between the German Instructors and the Other Professionals, suggesting that the severity of L1 attrition is not the same for all populations. In addition, a comparison of the two bilingual groups with regard to sociolinguistic variables, and correlations between linguistic measures and sociolinguistic variables also yielded interesting findings which have implications for L1 attrition research as well as L1 maintenance.
    • L1 Biases in Learning Root-And-Pattern Morphology

      Ussishkin, Adam; Drake, Shiloh N.; Ohala, Diane; Harley, Heidi (The University of Arizona., 2018)
      This dissertation addresses the question of whether non-adjacent morphological dependencies are as difficult to learn as non-adjacent phonological dependencies. Non-adjacent dependencies have been investigated in the past, and have proven to be at best difficult to learn (Bonatti, Peña, Nespor, & Mehler, 2005; Gómez, 2002; LaCross, 2011, 2015; Newport & Aslin, 2004), and at worst, completely unlearnable (Newport & Aslin, 2004: experiment 1). LaCross (2011, 2015) showed that speakers of a language employing non-adjacent dependencies were able to learn an artificial grammar employing analogous non-adjacent dependencies easily, suggesting there may be a linguistic bias that makes speakers more aware or capable of unconsciously parsing non-adjacent dependencies so long as they speak a language that employs vowel harmony. The research in this dissertation studies three subject populations with two tasks and two grammars to discover whether speakers of a language utilizing root-and-pattern morphology also have the ability to unconsciously parse non-adjacent dependencies pred- icated on morphological structure. Chapter 2 uses a segmentation or statistical learning task similar to the experiments mentioned above, while Chapter 3 uses a word elicitation task to establish a more fine-grained representation of what experiment participants learn after a very short exposure. The experiments show that there may be a cognitive bias toward concatenative morphology even among Arabic and Maltese speakers, but also that Arabic and Maltese speakers are willing to adjust CV skeleta and syllabic structure when deriving plural forms from singular forms. The methods that they use when producing novel plural forms are similar to those found in their L1, showing that this type of bias is predicated on morphophonological structure in the participants’ L1. The results together support a root-based lexicon for Arabic and Maltese and aggressive morphological decomposition (Boudelaa & Marslen-Wilson, 2001, 2004a, 2004b, 2015; Deutsch, Frost, & Forster, 1998; Frost, Deutsch, & Forster, 2000; Frost, Forster, & Deutsch, 1997; Ussishkin, Dawson, Wedel, & Schluter, 2015) even in novel words. Additionally, this work supports the notion of morphological abstraction, abstract grammatical features (such as past or plural) may be expressed by multiple allomorphs, particularly in the context of learning a new language. I extend this work to suggest that a processing model of Distributed Morphology (Halle & Marantz, 1993; Harley & Noyer, 1999; inter alia) would be appropriate both to model the results here and to better explain morphological processing disorders. Although Distributed Morphology has not been extensively tested as a processing model, recent research shows compatibility with existing psycholinguistic models (Gwilliams & Marantz, 2015; Stockall & Marantz, 2006) and has better explanatory power for deficits in morphological processing (Tat, 2013).
    • L1/L2 Eye Movement Reading of Closed Captioning: A Multimodal Analysis of Multimodal Use

      Waugh, Linda R.; Bever, Thomas G.; Goodman, Yetta M.; Specker, Elizabeth; Waugh, Linda R.; Bever, Thomas G.; Goodman, Yetta M. (The University of Arizona., 2008)
      Learning in a multimodal environment entails the presentation of information in a combination of more than one mode (i.e. written words, illustrations, and sound). Past research regarding the benefits of multimodal presentation of information includes both school age children and adult learners (e.g. Koolstra, van der Voort & d'Ydewalle, 1999; Neumen & Koskinen, 1992), as well as both native and non-native language learners (e.g. d'Ydewalle & Gielen, 1992; Kothari et al, 2002). This dissertation focuses how the combination of various modalities are used by learners of differing proficiencies in English to gain better comprehension (cf. Mayer, 1997, 2005; Graber, 1990; Slykhuis et al, 2005). The addition of the written mode (closed captioning) to the already multimodal environment that exists in film and video presentations is analyzed. A Multimodal Multimedia Communicative Event is used to situate the language learner. Research questions focus on the eye movements of the participants as they read moving text both with and without the audio and video modes of information. Small case studies also give a context to four participants by bringing their individual backgrounds and observations to bear on the use of multimodal texts as language learning tools in a second or foreign language learning environment. It was found that Non Native English Speakers (NNS) (L1 Arabic) show longer eye movement patterns in reading dynamic text (closed captioning), echoing past research with static texts while Native Speakers of English (NS) tend to have quicker eye movements. In a multimodal environment the two groups also differed: NNS looked longer at the closed captioning and NS were able to navigate the text presentation quickly. While associative activation (Paivio, 2007) between the audio and print modalities was not found to alter the eye movement patterns of the NNS, participants did alternate between the modalities in search of supplementary information. Other research using additional closed captioning and subtitling have shown that viewing a video program with written text added turns the activity into a reading activity (Jensema, 2000; d'Ydewalle, 1987). The current study found this to be the case, but the results differed in regard to proficiency and strategy.
    • The L1495-B218 Filaments in Taurus Seen in NH₃ & CCS and Dynamical Stability of Filaments and Dense Cores

      Shirley, Yancy L.; Seo, Youngmin; Shirley, Yancy L.; Walker, Christopher; Bieging, John; Kratter, Kaitlin; Goldsmith, Paul F.; Najita, Joan (The University of Arizona., 2016)
      We present deep NH₃ and CCS maps of L1495-B218 filaments and the dense cores embedded within the filaments in Taurus. The L1495-B218 filaments form an interconnected, nearby, large complex extending over 8 pc. We observed the filaments in NH₃ (1,1)&(2,2), CCS Nⱼ = 1₂-0₁, and HC₇N J = 21-20 with spectral resolution of 0.038 km/s and spatial resolution of 31". The CSAR algorithm, which is a hybrid of seeded-watershed and binary dendrogram algorithm, identifies 39 leaves and 16 branches in NH₃ (1,1). Applying a virial analysis for the 39 NH₃ leaves, we find only 9 out of 39 leaves are gravitationally bound, and 12 out of 30 gravitationally unbound leaves are pressure-confined. Our analysis suggests that a dense core may form as a pressure-confined structure, evolve to a gravitationally bound core, and then undergo collapse to form a protostar. We find that the L1495A, B213E, and B216 regions have strong CCS emission and the B211 and B218 regions have weak CCS emission. Analysis of CCS emission with NH₃ (1,1) and dust continuum emission shows that CCS is not a good tracer for starless core evolution. On the other hand, CCS appears to trace recently accreted gas in L1495A and L1521D. We also present more realistic dynamic stability conditions for dense cores and filaments. In a new analysis of stability conditions we account for converging motions which have been modeled toward starless cores and take the effect of radiation fields. We find that the critical size of a dense core having a homologous converging motion with its peak speed being the sound speed is roughly half of the critical size of the Bonnor-Ebert sphere. We also find the critical mass/line density of a dense core/filament irradiated by radiation to be considerably smaller than that of the Bonnor-Ebert sphere/isothermal cylinder when the radiation pressure is stronger than the central gas pressure of dense core/isothermal cylinder. For regions in the inner Galaxy and near OB associations, the critical mass/line density of a dense structure may be less than 20% of the critical mass/line density of Bonnor-Ebert sphere/isothermal cylinder.
    • L2 and L3 Acquisition of the Portuguese Stressed Vowel Inventory by Native Speakers of English

      Simonet, Miquel; Warner, Natasha; Díaz Granado, Miriam; Carvalho, Ana M.; Simonet, Miquel; Warner, Natasha (The University of Arizona., 2011)
      This dissertation explores the potential differences in the acquisition of the sound system of a second language (L2) versus a third language (L3), building on recent research on adult L2 speech learning and testing the hypothesis that new category acquisition is available across the lifespan. On the one hand, recent influential theories of L2 speech learning predict that new sound categories will be difficult to acquire due to complex interactions among the phonetic categories residing in one same perceptual space. On the other, there exists the common assumption that the more sound categories one’s native language contains, the less difficult it will be to acquire new ones in a native-like fashion. My work provides additional evidence to this discussion, while providing speech data from the following five different speaker groups: (1) native speakers of American English; (2) native speakers of Mexican Spanish; (3) native speakers of Brazilian Portuguese; (4) native speakers of English learning Portuguese as their L2, and (5) native speakers of English learning Portuguese as their L3, who speak Spanish as their L2.The dissertation consists of three content chapters. The first of the content chapters describes the vowel systems of Mexican Spanish, American English and Brazilian Portuguese as informed by production data of the three native speaker groups above (1, 2 and 3). The second and third chapters describe and contrast the vowel system(s) of the two learner groups (4 and 5) as informed by their production and perception of Portuguese vowels respectively. The results from the analysis of the data from the various production and perception experiments performed as part of this dissertation provide evidence for (a) phonetic category assimilation and dissimilation processes in post-L1 speech learning and phonetic category interactions in general; (b) the relevance of quality and quantity of input in language learning; (c) the discussion on the relation between perception and production in post-L1 speech learning; and (d) the need for an extension of current models of L2 speech learning and cross-linguistic speech perception in order for these to address post-L2 speech learning processes, among other topics.
    • L2 Japanese Learners’ Development of Conversational Involvement during Study Abroad: An Analysis of Overlap in Talk-in-Interaction

      Jones, Kimberly; Maruyama, Rie; Karatsu, Mariko; Diao, Wenhao (The University of Arizona., 2018)
      This dissertation examines the changes in the occurrence of overlap in L2 Japanese learners’ conversation from the perspective of the development of interactional competence during study abroad. Previous studies have suggested that overlap of utterances in talk-in-interaction can function positively to show involvement, understanding, and cooperation and to move a conversation forward (e.g. Tannen, 1985; Maynard, 1989; Fujii & Otsuka, 1994). Given that overlap can positively contribute to the joint construction of the conversation, overlap can be considered as one of the interactional resources that participants in conversation use for effective interaction (Young, 2008). A few studies have examined L2 Japanese learners’ overlapped utterances in conversation, but the number is limited. A longitudinal study in the context of spontaneous casual conversation will lead to a further understanding of the use of overlap by L2 Japanese learners. I collected recordings of dyadic casual conversations and of pre- and post-interviews from five L2 Japanese learners who participated in one-year study abroad programs in Japan. Each student recorded three to four conversations with their native Japanese friends or host families over the course of study abroad. The interviews were conducted before and after study abroad with the investigator. Their conversations and interviews were transcribed and all instances of overlaps were extracted and analyzed. The results showed changes in both frequency and contexts in which L2 learners’ overlap was observed. All L2 learners showed an increase in the occurrence of overlap in their conversations and expanded their use of different functions of overlap in the conversation over time. Although the L2 learners developed at a different rate, they appeared to have followed a similar developmental sequence. The results suggested the influence of two main factors, linguistic ability and the degree of involvement in the conversation, on the types of overlap found in their conversation. The findings suggested some trends in the developmental sequence of L2 learners’ overlap in conversation.
    • L2 reading and hypertext: A study of lexical glosses and comprehension among intermediate learners of French

      Ariew, Robert; Cooledge, Susan L. (The University of Arizona., 2004)
      The focus of investigation in this study was the online reading behavior of intermediate learners of French as they read a hypertext with L1 and L2 lexical glosses and their comprehension. By design, access to the L2 translations was constrained by access to the L1 gloss information first. This prescribed path of support was meant to maximize target language input, and to prompt cognitive and metacognitive processes toward the goal of increased comprehension. Comprehension was measured through multiple choice and recall tasks, and questionnaires were used to gather demographic data and learner perceptual variables. The study provides evidence that comprehension is increased with access to the hypertext glosses among readers who accessed both French and English language glosses, regardless of prior ability. Accessing only French glosses was not linked to greater comprehension, and no access to glosses reduced a comprehension factor score. Prior ability, as measured by a standardized FL placement exam, was not related to gloss access or time on task. L2 readers' preference for L1 language glosses in also reaffirmed to some extent, though French language glosses seem to have some appeal. Gender also played a role in the extent to which the text was enjoyed by L2 readers, and there is suggestive evidence for the roles of background schema and formal schema based on a qualitative analysis of recall. Questionnaire data reveal insights on readers' perceptions of FLL, reading, their abilities, and reading online, findings which are related in a variety of ways to other factors in this study. Pedagogical implications are considered, as well as directions for future research.
    • L3 Portuguese by Spanish-English Bilinguals: Copula Construction Use and Acquisition in Corpus Data

      Staples, Shelley; Picoral, Adriana; Carvalho, Ana M.; Hammond, Mike; Ecke, Peter (The University of Arizona., 2020)
      Previous research on third language (L3) acquisition has shown that the source language for transfer to the L3 can be either an L1, an L2, or both (Bardel & Falk, 2007; Flynn et al., 2004; Rothman, 2014). It has been hypothesized that either typological similarities between languages previously acquired and the target language (Rothman, 2010), or language status (L1 vs. L2) of previous acquired languages (Bardel & Falk, 2007) determine cross- linguistic influence. This dissertation investigates the acquisition of copula structures in L3 Portuguese by Spanish-English three groups of adult bilinguals: L1 English L2 Spanish, L1 Spanish L2 English, and L1 Spanish/English (i.e., heritage speakers of Spanish for the purposes of this dissertation). Language use by both native speakers (L1 Spanish, L1 English, and L1 Portuguese) and learners (L3 Portuguese) is analyzed using word embeddings and logistic regression modeling. The goal of these methods is to reveal patterns of copula use and acquisition. Copula constructions were chosen because they allow for the combined investigation of form, syntactic frame, and concept/meaning, as proposed by third language acquisition scholars. The main goal of this dissertation is to shed light on both transfer patterns from previously acquired languages (i.e., Spanish and English) on L3 Portuguese, and establish L3 Portuguese developmental patterns across bilingual groups. Results show evidence of L3 Portuguese development for all three groups of Spanish-English bilinguals. However, transfer patterns from Spanish and English onto L3 Portuguese are not the same across all groups, varying in degree depending on the copula construction. These results conflict with the Typological Primacy Model, which predicts that L3 acquisition in adulthood starts o from a wholesale transfer of the pre-acquired language system that is most typologically similar to the target language (Rothman, 2014). This dissertation offers support instead to L3 acquisition models that take into consideration structural characteristics of individual constructions, and how similar or different these are between source and target languages, including models such as the Parasitic Model (Hall et al., 2009).
    • La "Vertice" narrativa del facismo espanol: 1937-1942

      Gilabert, Joan; Sanders, Robert Franklin (The University of Arizona., 2001)
      Esta disertacion es un estudio literario de las narratives publicadas en Vertice: Revista de la FET y de las JONS, con un enfasis en los anos 1937 a 1942. Considera "La novels de Vertice"--un fasciculo suplementario incluido en muchos de los numeros de la revista entre 1938 y 1942--como manifestacion ejemplar de la estetica narrative del fascismo espanol. Como ese suplemento no incluyo mas de un relato comico, las narratives humoristicas de Vertice no son tratadas en este estudio. Este trabajo comprende 82 cuentos, "novellas," ensayos v dramas, y sigue en eilas una lucha ideologica por la imaginacion nacional espanola. En esta contienda intervinieron fascistas, falangistas, pseudo-socialistas, catolicos nacionalistas, conservadores autoritarios y tambien mujeres tradicionalistas pero proto-feministas. Estos grupos, por influencia a inspiracion mutua, entablaron una vision milenaria y redentora de la identidad espanol, vision que cads uno intento proyectar segun su perspective. La narrative de Vertice se organizaba alrededor de cuatro formas o estructuras narratives: el cronotopo milenario, la redencion, la retorica viril y la colectividad nacional revolucionaria. Las obras exhiben un estilo colectivo ideologicamente y moralmente depurado. La novels espanola de oposicion se contrasts con esta estructura y estilo, sun invirtiendo estas cuatro estructuras narratives utilizadas en la estetica literaria falangista, nacional-catolica y franquista. Estas estructuras y su empleo proveen un metodo de analisis para la narrativa fascista espanola. Si le interesa, pronto este estudio estara disponible en la red electronica, sin costo para los investigadores.
    • La Capacidad para Adaptarse: Examples of Resilience among Oyendo Bien Participants

      Marrone, Nicole; Sanchez, Adriana J.; DeRuiter, Mark; Ingram, Maia; Fabiano-Smith, Leah (The University of Arizona., 2019)
      Purpose Group audiologic rehabilitation programs provide social support, health education, and skills that help individuals living with hearing loss cope with the effects on communication and quality of life (Montano & Spitzer, 2014). This study utilized a qualitative research approach to document examples of resilience among individuals with hearing loss and their family members within a group hearing health education and support intervention in a rural, Mexican-American, Spanish speaking community. Methods: A retrospective analysis of previously coded family focus group sessions (n=27) and interviews with patients with hearing loss (n=20) examined examples of resilience that emerged through discussion. Prospectively, audio recordings were obtained for Groups 11 and 12 of the Oyendo Bien intervention (n=27 enrolled, observed n=13). Discussions from sessions 1, 3, and 5 were audio recorded, transcribed, and coded. A codebook detailing resilience as a construct was developed based on qualities, processes, and assets of resilience based on criteria documented in resilience research (Bermudez & Mancini, 2013; Richardson, 2002; Walsh, 2002; Yorgason, Piercy, & Piercy, 2007). All coding was completed in Spanish, with translation to English for reporting results. Two independent raters completed the coding. Results: Examples of resilience were found retrospectively (within the needs assessment) and prospectively (among group discussions in the intervention). Cultural aspects of resilience (familismo, personalismo, respeto, spirituality, and fatalismo) and resilience processes (making meaning of hearing loss, using coping strategies and family support) were present across both data sources. Self-efficacy and humor were more commonly observed in group intervention discussions (prospective group). Conclusions: Examples of resilience among Oyendo Bien participants highlight participant strengths and may be a future source of increasing resilience, acceptance, and coping when living with hearing loss. Incorporating aspects of resilience into aural rehabilitation may help enhance participants resilience which may help increase better quality of life.

      SALAZAR, CAROL LACY.; Gyurko, Lanin; Allen, Rupert C.; Promis, Jose (The University of Arizona., 1984)
      The theory which this dissertation proposes to establish is that the decisive element that distinguishes the magical realist narrative from other forms of contemporary Spanish American fiction is the primitive world view expressed by the narrator. The term "primitive" is used in the sense of "tribal" or "pre-ego" consciousness, and the primitive world view expressed by the narrator does not differentiate between the contents of the human psyche and the objective world, thus investing the world described with magical and mythical qualities. The projection of psychic contents creates a "humanized" world where the barriers between subject and object dissolve, and the individual perceives the fundamental unity of the world and at the same time is perceived as an integral part of the cosmos. The association made by various authors and critics of the primitive with the magical realist narrative is briefly traced and is followed by an analysis of four magical-realist novels: El reino de este mundo, Los rios profundos, Mulata de tal and Cien anos de soledad. Although these novels were written by authors of different generations, nationalities and literary styles, in all four the magical-mythical vision of reality is the common denominator which relates them to each other and also differentiates them from other literary tendencies such as the surrealist, the psychological and the fantastic. In conclusion, the magical realist perspective is seen to fit into Tzvetan Todorov's category of the marvelous, whose thematic basis in pan-determinism and pan-signification is but another expression of the undifferentiated world consciousness of the primitive.
    • La Formación del Homo Sacer Peruano: Violencia Sistémica en Cuatro Relatos Sobre el Perú Contemporáneo

      Gyurko, Lanin A.; Ninawanka, José Luis; Compitelo, Malcolm A.; Gutierrez, Laura G.; Gyurko, Lanin A. (The University of Arizona., 2013)
      La formación del homo sacer peruano: violencia sistémica en cuatro relatos sobre el Perú contemporáneo (The Formation of the Peruvian Homo Sacer: Systemic Violence in Four Narrative Texts About Contemporary Peru) applies the theory of Jacques Lacan about the orders of the Symbolic, the Imaginary, and the Real to analyze the phenomenon of violence as portrayed in: Candela quema luceros (1989), De amor y de guerra (2004), Chungui: violencia y trazos de memoria (2005), and La niña de nuestros ojos (2010). Through a Lacanian analysis of these four texts my investigation reveals the mechanisms of how imaginary violence is sustained by real violence and, principally, by symbolic violence in the context of Peru of the 1980s and 1990s. Of crucial importance is the incorporation of Lacan's theory of the superego and lamella to argue that these narrators shed light upon the processes of the formation of the Peruvian homo sacer, a life deprived of any value. I argue that it is only with the consolidation of the homo sacer was possible to kill with total impunity 70,000 Peruvians.
    • La identidad postmoderna: Base tematica y estructural en la narrativa de Esther Tusquets y Reinaldo Arenas

      Compitello, Malcolm; Lirot, Julie Ann (The University of Arizona., 2002)
      Esta tesis analiza la identidad y la estructura narrativa en las obras de dos escritores hispanos, Reinaldo Arenas y Esther Tusquets, quienes escriben al borde de la transicion entre una vision del mundo moderna a la postmoderna. Arguyo que las obras de estos dos autores cuestionan los procesos de la construccion de la identidad desde la perspectiva de los que son marginalizados por este proceso. Para hacer este analisis, estudio el debate entre el modernismo/postmodernismo dentro del mundo hispano y como este dialogo puede iluminar nuestra interpretacion de las complejidades y los constantes tematicos que presentan estos dos autores. De la misma manera, analizo como estos autores incluyen este debate dentro de su presentacion de la dinamica del desarrollo humano. Para tales propositos, analizare El amor es un juego solitario (1978), El mismo mar de todos los veranos (1979), Varada tras el ultimo naufragio (1980) de Esther Tusquets y El mundo alucinante (1968) de Reinaldo Arenas. En este analisis se consideraran las relaciones tanto socio-historicas como artisticas que existen entre Modernidad y Postmodernidad y la forma en que estas caracteristicas se presentan en los textos analizados. Se plantea que la verdadera relacion entre la modernidad y la postmodernidad no es una de superacion sino de dialogo, la postmodernidad es la problematizacion de la modernizacion. Los conceptos modernos de la Ilustracion son cuestionados por ser inadecuados para describir las situaciones actuales. Es este escepticismo profundo hacia todos los aspectos de la vida lo que define al postmodernismo. Se cree que la modernidad no ha alcanzado sus metas por ser imposibles. La narrativa de Esther Tusquets y la de Reinaldo Arenas presentan este escepticismo profundo con un estilo en que predominan las figuras repetitivas, el erotismo, el retorno, el tiempo circular, el mar y la muerte, tanto como los pre-textos literarios, los cuales se deconstruyen para despues reconstruirse dentro de la re-creacion de una identidad propia a traves de las relaciones sexuales y la muerte. Asi se cuestionan las fronteras entre el sexo y el genero en el establecimiento de la identidad, reinterpretando y reescribiendo el pasado.