• Compost Tea 101: What Every Organic Gardener Should Know

      Joe, Valerisa; Rock, Channah; McLain, Jean; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2017-08)
      Growers of organic produce in the Southwestern United States face many challenges, including variation in water and temperature, and exposure to insects and disease. As a result, smallholder organic farmers are increasingly relying on soil additives such as compost tea that improve product quality, use less water, deter pests, and reduce reliance on chemical additives (Diver, 2002). But what exactly is compost tea? Do the benefits of using compost tea outweigh any concerns? For example, can it contain pathogens, and if so, do applicators have to worry about coming into contact with pathogens? This publication provides facts about making compost tea, and reviews both the benefits and potential disadvantages to help smallholder farmers to make educated decisions regarding the use of compost tea.
    • Mounting Your Solar Photovoltaic (PV) System

      Franklin, Edward A.; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2017-08)
      A description of different methods used in mounting solar photovoltaic (PV) modules or arrays for the residential, commercial, or agricultural user.
    • Hand Tools Used for Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Systems

      Franklin, Edward; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2017-08)
      A description of the multiple hand tools commonly used to measure energy output of solar photovoltaic (PV) silicon-type modules. These tools include a digital multi-meter to measure voltage, a clamp-on ammeter to measure current, a pyranometer to measure solar irradience, an angle finder to measure module tilt angle, a non-contact thermometer to measure solar cell temperature, and a Solar Pathfinder to evaluate a potential site for shading issues.
    • Questions to ask when planning to start a wholesale plant nursery

      Schuch, Ursula K. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2017-07)
      The plant nursery business is complex and requires knowledge about the technical aspects of growing plants and managing a business. This publication is an introduction for those interested in starting their own wholesale nursery business. Different types of production systems - container and field production- are discussed as well as the types of plants typically grown in Southwest nurseries. Starting a business involves many decisions that will culminate in the development of a business plan. Resources for new producers include national, regional, and local trade organizations. A worksheet with questions is included to help future operators consider whether they want to start a new wholesale production nursery. Publication AZ1393 Revised 07/2017. Originally published 2006
    • Barn Smarts for Biosecurity: Tips for Keeping Your Horse Safe and Healthy

      Greene, Elizabeth A.; Wright, Ashley Diane; Ludwig, Nicole; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-07)
      By making several simple horse care changes, you can significantly decrease your horse’s risk of exposure to disease. Using the tips below, you may prevent your horse from being exposed to sick horses while away at a show. If your horse were to bring a virus home, proper Biosecurity practices could result in just one sick horse, as opposed to a whole barn full. The intent of this article is to inject a little humor while providing key common sense tips on Biosecurity. Each tip is accompanied by an easy to remember theme and cartoon. These changes seem small but they can make a big difference in protecting the health of your horse. .
    • Sonic Pest Repellents

      Aflitto, Nicholas; DeGomez, Tom (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-10)
      Sonic pest devices are tools that emit sound in the attempt to repel, deter, or kill unwanted animals such as insects, rodents, birds and large mammals. There are many commercially available sonic pest devices that claim to be effective.Commercially available sonic pest devices for use in residential applications have not been shown to be effective in scientific studies. For this reason, use of these devices is not advised to treat common pest problems. Although some researchers are developing sonic techniques that illustrate promise for very specific pests, these technologies are yet to be commercially available.
    • An Overview of Risk Management Agency Insurance Products and Farm Service Agency Programs Available for Arizona Agricultural Producers as of December 2012

      Teegerstrom, Trent; Tronstad, Russell; Nakamoto, Stuart (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2013-01)
    • Technical Assistance Programs for Agricultural Irrigation Improvements in Arizona

      Paul, Haley; Waters, Summer; Kepler, Jason (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2012-09)
    • From GPS to GNSS: Enhanced Functionality of GPS-Integrated Systems in Agricultural Machines

      Andrade-Sanchez, Pedro; Heun, John T. (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2012-01)
    • A General Guide to Global Positioning Systems (GPS)

      Andrade-Sanchez, Pedro; Heun, John T. (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2011-12)
    • Things to Know About Applying Precision Agriculture Technologies in Arizona

      Andrade-Sanchez, Pedro; Heun, John T.; Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2010-12)
      In this publication, we will make the case of what Precision Agriculture (PA) technologies can do to enhance the productivity of farming systems, with particular attention to the case of irrigated agriculture in the semi-arid Arizona. This guide is intended to aid growers to select the right technology when considering the need to acquire new, or upgrade existing equipment.
    • Understanding Technical Terms and Acronyms Used in Precision Agriculture

      Andrade-Sanchez, Pedro; Heun, John T.; Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2010-10)
      In this publication we make a recount of basic terms and acronyms used in describing the functionality and capabilities of precision agriculture technologies. Growers seeking to acquire new systems or upgrade their existing equipment need to be fluent in terminology used in communications, hardware, software, and other areas in order to make good decisions at the time of buying equipment. This information is also useful to educate equipment operators in the in-and-outs of this technology and this way be able to maximize the use of these expensive upgrades.
    • Antibacterial Products in Septic Systems

      Farrell-Poe, Kitt; Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2010-03)
      An onsite sewage treatment system or "septic system" is effective way to safely recycle household wastewater back into the natural environment. The key to effective treatment is proper design, system installation, responsible operation, and periodic maintenance. This article provides information about how to improve septic system performance by taking simple steps at home.
    • RV Holding-tank Treatments & Deodorizers in Septic Systems

      Farrell-Poe, Kitt; Radden, Russ; Agricultural & Biosystems Engineering (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2010-03)
    • Turfgrass Consumptive Use: Flagstaff, Arizona

      Brown, Paul; Albrecht, Wade; Soil, Water & Enviromental Science (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2005-11)
      This publication is intended to be a brief Fact Sheet that provides estimates of turf consumptive use for the Flagstaff area. The publication should find utility in both irrigation management and water resource management and planning.
    • An Overview of Factors Determining How Milk is Priced at the Farm

      VanBaale, Matthew; Animal Sciences (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2004-03)
      The price farmers receive for raw (unprocessed, unpasteurized) milk is largely determined by supply and demand forces that are influenced by federal and state dairy programs. Prior to January 2000, class prices under Federal Orders (FOs) were calculated from competitive pay prices for Grade B milk in Minnesota and Wisconsin. Currently, product price formulas are in place which set the price for milk components under FOs. Milk utilization patterns in the Federal Order market area, in which farm milk is sold, dictates the type of pricing system used to determine the price received for raw milk. The state of Arizona belongs to the Arizona-Las Vegas marketing area. This marketing area encompasses all of the state of Arizona and Clark County, Nevada. This particular Federal order (131, and three others, 5, 6, & 7) use the skim milk/butterfat pricing system. The price to producers is the average of class prices weighted by market wide utilization. Uniform prices are announced at 3.5% butterfat at the base zone, which is Phoenix, for Federal Order marker 131.
    • Thinking of Owning a Pleasure Horse? A Guide for the Care and Ownership of a Pleasure Horse in Arizona

      Teegerstrom, Trent; Schurg, William A.; Block, Kelly; Arns, Mark; Agricultural & Resource Economics (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2004)
      Private horse ownership is not for everyone; owning a horse comes with many responsibilities. You must properly house and care for the horse. This care includes the horse's feeding, health care, and hoof care, but these are only part of the equation. You must also provide housing facilities, transportation, and riding equipment. This booklet is an introductory guide to the proper care and cost of owning and maintaining a pleasure horse in Arizona. We discuss how to feed and care for a horse as well as all of the associated costs to expect whether you board your horse or house and care for it privately. The publication has two major sections: (1)maintaining and caring for a horse, and (2) budgeting for the costs of ownership and care. There is also an introduction to getting started and a list of additional resources at the end.
    • Agricultural Fumigation Safety Guide for the Arizona Pesticide Applicator Certification

      Baker, Paul B.; Carlo, Luis; Entomology (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2003-12)
    • Collection and Storage of Agricultural Animal Wastes and Wastewater

      Hassinger, Elaine; Watson, Jack; Soil, Water & Enviromental Science (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1998-05)
      The greatest management concern with animal wastes is the movement of nitrate into water supplies. Health problems in humans and livestock can result from excessive levels of nitrate in drinking water. This publication outlines the guidelines to minimizing the risk of contaminating your drinking water. It also lists a number of questions to check if your management practices in the collection and storage of animal wastes may pose a risk to your groundwater.
    • Hazardous Waste Management

      Hassinger, Elaine; Watson, Jack; Soil, Water & Enviromental Science (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1998-05)
      The wide variety of products commonly used in households and on farms include paints, solvents, oils, fuels, cleaners, wood preservatives, batteries, adhesives, and pesticides. Hazardous substances found in these products can contaminate groundwater if they are not used, stored, and disposed of properly. This fact sheet is taken from the Arizona Farm*A*Syst workbook. It was developed to help readers manage hazardous waste properly.