• What You Need to Know Before You Buy Your “Ranchette”— Lot-Splits Versus Subdivisions in Rural Arizona

      Apel, Mark; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-10)
      Arizona's rural areas are dotted with small acreage properties that are too big to mow and too small to farm. This fact sheet describes the legal processes that create these kinds of properties and inform the reader on the difference between lot-split properties and those that undergo a legal subdivision process with a local county government. Revised 9/2016; Originally published 2/2011.
    • Principles of Obtaining and Interpreting Utilization Data on Rangelands

      Ruyle, George B.; Smith, Lamar; Maynard, Jim; Barker, Steve; Stewart, Dave; Meyer, Walt; Couloudon, Bill; Williams, Stephen; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-10)
      A primary expression of stocking levels on rangeland vegetation is utilization defined as the proportion or degree of current years forage production that is consumed or destroyed by animals (including insects). Utilization may refer either to a single plant species, a group of species, or the vegetation as a whole. Utilization is an important factor in influencing changes in the soil, water, animal, and vegetation resources. The impact of a specific intensity of use on a plant species is highly variable depending on past and present use, period of use, duration of use, inter-specific competition, weather, availability of soil moisture for regrowth, and how these factors interact. Utilization data can be used as a guideline for moving livestock within an allotment with due consideration to season, weather conditions and the availability of forage and water in pastures scheduled for use during the same grazing season. In combination with actual use and climatic data, utilization measurements on key areas and utilization pattern mapping are useful for estimating proper stocking levels under current management. Utilization studies are helpful in identifying key and problem areas, and in identifying range improvements needed to improve livestock distribution. Reviewed 10/2016. Originally published 5/2007.
    • Easements

      Dolan, Cori; Apel, Mark; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-10)
      Easements are the right to use the land of another for a special purpose. Unlike a lease, an easement does not give the holder a right of “possession” of the property, only a right of use. This fact sheet describes the different types of easements for private property. Revised 9/2016; Originally Published 1/2010.
    • Laboratories Conducting Soil, Plant, Feed, or Water Testing

      Schalau, Jeff W.; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-09)
      This publication lists laboratories that provide soil, plant, feed, and water testing within the state of Arizona. Revised September 2016.
    • Better Coverage of Arizona's Weather and Climate: Gridded Datasets of Daily Surface Meteorological Variables

      Weiss, Jeremy; Crimmins, Michael; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-08)
      Many areas that use agricultural and environmental science for management and planning – ecosystem conservation, crop and livestock systems, water resources, forestry and wildland fire management, urban horticulture – often need historical records of daily weather for activities that range from modeling forage production to determining the frequency of freezing temperatures or heavy rainfall. In the past, such applications primarily have used station-based observations of meteorological variables like temperature and precipitation. However, weather stations are sparsely and irregularly located throughout Arizona, and due to the highly variable terrain across the state (Figure 1), information recorded at these sites may not represent meteorological conditions at distant, non-instrumented locations or over broad areas. This issue, along with others related to quality, length, and completeness of station records, can hinder the use of weather and climate data for agricultural and natural resources applications. In response to an increasing demand for spatially and temporally complete meteorological data as well as the potential constraints of station-based records, the number of gridded daily surface weather datasets is expanding. This bulletin reviews a current suite of these datasets, particularly those that integrate both atmospheric and topographic information in order to better model temperature and precipitation on relatively fine spatial scales, and is intended for readers with knowledge of weather, climate, and geospatial data. In addition to addressing how these datasets are developed and what their spatial domain and resolution, record length, and variables are, this bulletin also summarizes where and how to access these datasets, as well as the general suitability of these datasets for different uses.
    • Economic Impact of Cooperative Extension Efforts in Rangeland Management for a Northern Arizona Ranching Allotment

      Duval, Dari; Ruyle, George; Howery, Larry; Univ Arizona, Coll Agr & Life Sci (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2016-07)
      Estimates economic impacts of Cooperative Extension's involvement in collaborative rangeland management efforts with a rancher and federal agencies for a Northern Arizona grazing allotment.
    • Using Scenario Planning to Prepare for Uncertainty in Rural Watersheds

      Mott Lacroix, Kelly; Hullinger, Ashley; Apel, Mark; Brandau, William; Megdal, Sharon B. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-12)
      Planning for an uncertain future presents many challenges. Thinking systematically and creatively about what is in store through a process called scenario planning can help illuminate options for action and improve decision-making. This guide focuses on a process for developing scenarios to help communities and watershed groups explore what might happen in the years to come, make more informed decisions today, and build a watershed management process. The systematic approach to scenario planning described here is based on the lessons learned through a yearlong scenario planning process in the Upper Gila Watershed in southeastern Arizona and Water Resource Research Center’s (WRRC) research on scenario planning.
    • Insects, Diseases and Abiotic Disorders in Southwest Forests and Woodlands

      DeGomez, Tom; Garfin, Gregg (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-11)
      Recent events in the forests of the Southwest, and across western North America, have prompted scientists to consider the role of climate variability in insect and disease cycles. Studies focusing on Arizona and other southwestern states point to multiple, interacting climate-related mechanisms that increase the propensity for forest mortality. Effects of insects on forests are complex, and species and site dependent. Many influences, such as drought, decreased precipitation, increased temperature, increased vapor pressure deficit, and increased stand density, combined in nonlinear and overlapping ways to create the recent and devastating pine bark beetle outbreaks in Arizona forests. Climate clearly plays a role in many, but not all, Southwest insect cycles. It is important that educators demonstrate the complexity of all of the interplaying issues, in order to communicate no false impressions of an “easy” or “one-size- fits-all” solution” for land managers.
    • Pest-proofing Your Home

      Gouge, Dawn H.; Nair, Shaku; Li, Shujuan; Stock, Tim (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-08)
      Many pests encountered in homes and structures can be prevented by using simple techniques collectively known as “pest-proofing”. If done correctly, pest-proofing your home saves you money by reducing pest management costs, and more importantly, reduces potential pesticide exposure. This publication describes general indoor and outdoor pest-proofing measures and some of the major pests encountered in and around homes and structures.
    • Agricultural Use of Recycled Water for Crop Production in Arizona

      Cusimano, Jeremy; McLain, Jean E.; Eden, Susanna; Rock, Channah M. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-06)
      Agriculture is by far the largest water-demanding sector in Arizona, accounting for 70% of water demand (ADWR, 2009). Arizona’s agriculture industry is extremely diversified, producing many crops that can legally be irrigated with recycled water, including cotton, alfalfa, wheat, citrus, and vegetables. Throughout the State, farming communities are taking advantage of increasing supplies of recycled water.
    • Pine Bark Beetles

      DeGomez, Tom; Young, Deborah (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-04)
      Pine bark beetles in Arizona are generally of the genus Ips or Dendroctonus. Fading foliage in the tree is often the first sign of a beetle attack. Prevention is best practiced since control is not possible once the beetles have successfully colonized the tree. Colonization is dependent upon trees being in a vulnerable condition caused by stress from various agents and site conditions.
    • Doing our Part to Help Conserve Arizona's Water Resources and Reduce Global Warming by Saving Energy at Home

      Artiola, Janick; Crimmins, Michael; Yoklic, Martin (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2015-01)
      Climate change is affecting Arizona's Water Resources adversely and water use is linked to energy consumption. This publication discusses the effects of global warming on the environment and provides tips on how to conserve electricity at home.
    • Working with Non-Profit Organizations – Cooperative Extension’s Opportunity to Expand Its Reach

      Apel, Mark B.; Warren, Peter L. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2014-12)
      This article describes the advantages and benefits of collaborations between Cooperative Extension and non-profit organizations in terms of increasing Extension's outreach capacity and assisting non-profits. Guidelines are provided for Extension personnel interested in working with non-profits.
    • Using Watershed Assessments to Inform Planning for Rural Watersheds

      Lien, Aaron M.; Mott Lacroix, Kelly; Banister, Katie; Megdal, Sharon B. (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2014-07)
      The Using Watershed Assessments to Inform Planning for Rural Watersheds publication provides a process for developing a baseline watershed assessment. In this guide we provide recommendations for engaging with stakeholders to assess natural resource conditions, as well as basic information to collect to create a baseline assessment. Watershed planning is not a simple, quick process. This guide addresses just the first steps of building a watershed assessment– understanding the current conditions and issues facing your watershed. Beyond the watershed assessment phase is the hard work of utilizing the information from the assessment, along with the results of additional stakeholder feedback, to develop an actual watershed plan. This guide provides an outline of how to complete the watershed assessment portion of your watershed planning effort, but does not provide a detailed step-by-step process. Rather, this document is intended as a resource to help guide you in your efforts by providing suggestions based on real-world watershed planning experience.
    • Phenology: Using Phenology as a Tool for Education, Research, and Understanding Environmental Change

      Warren, Peter L.; Barnett, LoriAnne (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2014-06)
      Phenology is defined and described in terms of how we use observations in education and research. Suggestions for implementing phenology lessons using examples from 4-H youth development and Master Gardener and citizen science training.
    • Ground Covers for Northern Arizona Above 6,000 Foot Elevations

      Braun, Hattie; DeGomez, Tom (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2013-03)
    • Fire-Resistant Landscaping

      DeGomez, Tom; Jones, Chris (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2013-02)
    • Creating Wildfire-Defensible Spaces for Your Home and Property

      DeGomez, Tom; Jones, Chris (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2013-02)
    • Fire Safety for Wildland Homes

      DeGomez, Tom; Jones, Chris (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2013-02)
    • Climate Change and Wildfire Impacts in Southwest Forests and Woodlands

      Rogstad, Alix; Crimmins, Michael; Garfin, Gregg (College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2012-04)