Mobius Structures, Einstein Metrics, and Discrete Conformal Variations on Piecewise Flat Two and Three Dimensional Manifolds
AuthorChampion, Daniel James
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractSpherical, Euclidean, and hyperbolic simplices can be characterized by the dihedral angles on their codimension-two faces. These characterizations analyze the Gram matrix, a matrix with entries given by cosines of dihedral angles. Hyperideal hyperbolic simplices are non-compact generalizations of hyperbolic simplices wherein the vertices lie outside hyperbolic space. We extend recent characterization results to include fully general hyperideal simplices. Our analysis utilizes the Gram matrix, however we use inversive distances instead of dihedral angles to accommodate fully general hyperideal simplices.For two-dimensional triangulations, an angle structure is an assignment of three face angles to each triangle. An angle structure permits a globally consistent scaling provided the faces can be simultaneously scaled so that any two contiguous faces assign the same length to their common edge. We show that a class of symmetric Euclidean angle structures permits globally consistent scalings. We develop a notion of virtual scaling to accommodate spherical and hyperbolic triangles of differing curvatures and show that a class of symmetric spherical and hyperbolic angle structures permit globally consistent virtual scalings.The double tetrahedron is a triangulation of the three-sphere obtained by gluing two congruent tetrahedra along their boundaries. The pentachoron is a triangulation of the three-sphere obtained from the boundary of the 4-simplex. As piecewise flat manifolds, the geometries of the double tetrahedron and pentachoron are determined by edge lengths that gives rise to a notion of a metric. We study notions of Einstein metrics on the double tetrahedron and pentachoron. Our analysis utilizes Regge's Einstein-Hilbert functional, a piecewise flat analogue of the Einstein-Hilbert (or total scalar curvature) functional on Riemannian manifolds.A notion of conformal structure on a two dimensional piecewise flat manifold is given by a set of edge constants wherein edge lengths are calculated from the edge constants and vertex based parameters. A conformal variation is a smooth one parameter family of the vertex parameters. The analysis of conformal variations often involves the study of degenerating triangles, where a face angle approaches zero. We show for a conformal variation that remains weighted Delaunay, if the conformal parameters are bounded then no triangle degenerations can occur.
Degree ProgramGraduate College