• Barley Response to Soil Water Depletion Levels, 2000

      Husman, Stephen H.; Ottman, Michael J.; Wegener, R. J.; Rogers, M. T.; Ottman, Michael (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2000-10)
      This research represents the first year of a project to determine when to irrigate barley based on soil water depletion levels. The purpose of this work is to establish the optimum irrigation timing based on depletion of plant available water in the soil. A field experiment was conducted at the Maricopa Agricultural Center testing irrigation of barley at 35, 50, 65, and 80% depletion of plant available water in the soil for two barley varieties, Baretta and Max. Grain yields averaged over the two varieties were 8415, 7735, 7512, and 4553 lbs/acre for the 35, 50, 65, and 80% depletion levels, respectively. The results of this study indicate irrigating at 35% soil water depletion is optimal for barley grain yield.
    • Durum Response to Soil Water Depletion Levels, 2000

      Husman, Stephen H.; Ottman, Michael J.; Wegener, R. J.; Rogers, M. T.; Ottman, Michael (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2000-10)
      This research represents the second year of a project to determine when to irrigate wheat based on soil water depletion levels. The purpose of this work is to establish the optimum irrigation timing based on depletion of plant available water in the soil. A field experiment was conducted at the Maricopa Agricultural Center testing irrigation of wheat at 35, 50, 65, and 80% depletion of plant available water in the soil for two durum varieties, Kronos and Westbred 881. Grain yields averaged over the two varieties were 6787, 6494, 5460, and 3067 lbs/acre for the 35, 50, 65, and 80% depletion levels, respectively. The results of this study indicate irrigating at 50% soil water depletion or less is optimal for wheat grain yield.
    • Irrigation Pracitices and Solum Barley Test Weight and Yield, 2000

      Ottman, Michael J.; Rogers, M. T.; Ottman, Michael (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2000-10)
      Solum is a barley bred for reduced water use that tends to have low test weight. An experiment was conducted at the Maricopa Agricultural Center to determine the effect of the number of irrigations and their timing on test weight and grain yield of Solum barley. Applying an irrigation at planting and a second irrigation at jointing resulted in the lowest test weight (44.4 lbs/bu) and nearly the highest grain yield (4315 lbs/acre) recorded in the test. All other irrigation treatments resulted in acceptable test weights above 48 lbs/bu except for irrigating at planting plus tillering, which resulted in 47.0 lb/bu test weight. Irrigating at planting and then delaying the second irrigation until boot or later resulted in acceptable test weight but decreased grain yield by 9% or more compared to applying the second irrigation at jointing. Grain yields similar to that obtained by applying a second irrigation at jointing was obtained by delaying the second irrigation until boot and applying a third irrigation at milk or soft dough. This experiment will be conducted a second year before conclusions are drawn.