• Hay Yield and Quality of Sudangrass and Sorghum-Sudangrass Hybrid Varieties Grown for Export from Western Arizona

      Knowles, Tim C.; Ottman, Michael J.; Lloyd, Jim; Quist, Aron; Ottman, Michael (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1997-10)
      Two common sudangrass varieties (Piper and Sweet Sudan), four sudangrass hybrids (NK Trudan 8, Cargill HS 35, NC+ 200, and Germaine 's G 555), and three sorghum - sudangrass hybrids (DK SX 17, TE Haygrazer II, and Pioneer 877F) were evaluated for hay yield and quality at four cuttings in large field plots located at Quail Mesa Farms in southwest La Paz County. Results from four hay cuttings at one location are presented showing that of the nine sudangrass varieties examined in this study, Piper, NC+ 200, and Germaine 's G 555 sudangrass varieties had superior hay tonnage and quality.
    • Influence of Folocron Nitrogen Fertilizer Applied in Summer on Alfalfa Yield During Summer Slump

      Knowles, Tim C.; Ottman, Michael J.; Wakimoto, Victor; Ottman, Michael (College of Agriculture, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 1997-10)
      Established alfalfa reportedly does not benefit rom applications of N fertilizer since it is a leguminous crop that is capable of fixing its own N from atmospheric N. Some growers feel that nitrogen (N) fixing nodules found on the roots of the alfalfa plant are ineffective during Arizona's hot summers . Thus, N fertilizer is sometimes applied in early summer to established alfalfa to enhance growth and possibly delay or lessen the severity of summer slump to increase alfalfa tonnage. A field experiment was conducted to determine the effect of inorganic and controlled release N fertilizer applied in summer on alfalfa hay yield at the first cutting during summer slump. Three treatments consisted of an unfertilized check plot, broadcast 18-46-0 applied at 27 lbs. N /acre, and Folocron water run at a rate of 30 lbs. N /acre in August to three year old 'CUF 101' alfalfa grown on a silt loam soil. Maximum alfalfa hay yield at the September cutting (0.91 ton/acre) was obtained without N fertilizer application.