ABSORPTION AND DISPOSITION KINETICS OF RIBOFLAVIN AND ASCORBIC ACID IN HUMANS AS A FUNCTION OF AGE.
AuthorLOPEZ ANAYA, ARTURO.
KeywordsVitamin B2 -- Absorption and adsorption.
Vitamin C -- Absorption and adsorption.
Vitamins -- Metabolism -- Age factors.
AdvisorMayersohn, Michael B.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe objective of this dissertation was to study the disposition and absorption of riboflavin and ascorbic acid in healthy male subjects as a function of age. Deficiencies of these vitamins have been found in the elderly and malabsorption is suspected in this population. Absorption of riboflavin was examined by administration of an oral dose of 200 mg of riboflavin-5'-phosphate (FMN) and disposition was studied following a 30 min constant rate IV infusion of FMN equivalent to 25 mg of riboflavin. Ascorbic acid absorption was examined by administration of a 5 g oral dose and disposition was studied following a 1 g IV dose. Test doses of these vitamins were administered to subjects ranging in age from 33 to 85 years. High performance liquid chromatographic assays were developed for the determination of riboflavin and ascorbic acid in plasma and urine. The method for riboflavin separated FMN and flavin adenine dinucleotide under isocratic conditions. Quantification of the three flavins was achieved by fluorescence detection. The assay system for ascrobic acid used a postcolumn reaction for the fluorometric detection of a dehydroascorbic acid derivative. This method used isoascorbic acid as the internal standard. Finally, similar specificity between a "methoxyaniline" colorimetric method and the chromatographic method was observed for the quantification of ascorbic acid in plasma and urine. Albumin plasma concentration and riboflavin protein binding were decreased with age (p < 0.05). The in vitro stability of ascorbic acid in whole blood and plasma decreased with age (p < 0.05, n = 17). The results of this study indicate no age-related alterations in parameters associated with the gastrointestinal absorption of these vitamins. Increased relative renal excretion of riboflavin with age may explain the deficiency of this vitamin. On the other hand, ascorbic acid deficiency with age may be explained by decreased stability of the vitamin in blood.
Degree ProgramPharmaceutical Sciences