PHOTOACOUSTIC MEASUREMENTS OF ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL ABSORPTION COEFFICIENTS AT ULTRAVIOLET, VISIBLE, AND INFRARED WAVELENGTHS.
AuthorRAMSEY-BELL, DEBBY COLLEEN.
KeywordsAir -- Analysis.
Air -- Pollution -- Measurement -- Optical methods.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractA photoacoustic spectrometer was developed and built for measuring absorption of light by collected particles. Major advantages of the photoacoustic method are that it measures absorption directly, it is insensitive to scattered light, and it is readily used at different wavelengths. To evaluate the performance of the spectrometer, comparisons were made between photoacoustic absorption spectra and spectra calculated with Mie thoery. Pure powders with varied optical properties were used in the comparison, including carbon, hematite, and others. Results were reasonable in both absolute magnitude and spectral shape. Aerosol particles were collected in different environments in southern Arizona under background conditions in the mid-troposphere, and in a moderately polluted city. Results for the two locations, and two size ranges, are compared and contrasted in this thesis. Absolute magnitudes of absorption coefficients, measured at green wavelengths, are used to summarize many important results. Absorption by fine urban aerosol was 6 ± 4 x 10⁻⁷ m⁻¹, and four times larger than absorption by coarse urban aerosol. Normalized photoacoustic absorption spectra for urban aerosol are uniform with wavelength; background aerosol spectra have a relative increase in absorption at near UV wavelengths compared to near IR wavelengths. Urban aerosol absorption can be attributed to carbon particles larger than approximately 0.1 micron. Absorption by hematite (alpha iron oxide) particles in more strongly wavelength dependent than absorption by carbon particles, of the same size. This wavelength dependence is still not great enough to be attributed to hematite alone--although submicron hematite particles may be the dominant absorber in coarse background aerosol. (Abstract shortened with permission of author.)
Degree ProgramAtmospheric Sciences