Intramolecular and intracomplex electron transfer in water soluble redox proteins.
AuthorBhattacharyya, Anjan Kumar.
Electron donor-acceptor complexes.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractElectron transfer to and between the redox centers of milk xanthine oxidase was investigated by laser flash-photolysis. Evidence is presented for slow equilibration of electrons (k < 38 s⁻¹) between the various redox centers of the enzyme. The enzyme-bound flavin and the heme moieties of the flavoprotein and cytochrome subunits of p-cresol methyl hydroxylase from Pseudomonas putida are both reduced rapidly in a second order manner by 5-dRF generated by the laser flash, followed by slower first order intramolecular electron transfer (k = 220 s⁻¹) from the protein-bound neutral flavin radical to the oxidized cytochrome. Complex formation between spinach ferredoxin:NADP⁺-reductase (FNRₒᵪ), spinach ferredoxin (Fdₒᵪ), rubredoxin (Rdₒᵪ) from Clostridium pasteurianum, two homologous HIPIP's from Ectothiorhodospira halophila (iso-1 and iso-2) and two homologous cytochromes (cytochromes-c₂ from Paracoccus denitrificans and Rhodospirrilum rubrum) have been investigated. Evidence is presented supporting the formation of 1:1 complexes that are stabilized by attractive electrostatic interactions at low ionic strength. Kinetic studies of the above-mentioned complexes provide evidence for extremely rapid to relatively slower intracomplex electron transfer rates (k 7000 s⁻¹ to 4 s⁻¹). In addition the effect of complexation on the degree of accessibility of the various redox centers of the respective complexes to reduction by small reductants such as 5-dRF· and LfH· generated by the laser flash has been evaluated. The effect of both pH and ionic strength on the second order rate of reduction and the intracomplex rates in the respective complexes have also been investigated. The results have been interpreted in terms of redox potential differences, electrostatic and structural features that influence the electron transfer rates in these systems.