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dc.contributor.advisorMulvaney, J. E.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBrandt, Martin William
dc.creatorBrandt, Martin Williamen_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-31T17:05:40Zen
dc.date.available2011-10-31T17:05:40Zen
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/184341en
dc.description.abstractThe spontaneous polymerization behavior of an acceptor substituted quinodimethane was investigated. High molecular weight homopolymers of 7,8,-di(ethoxycarbonyl)-7,8-dicyanoquinodimethane (DEDCQ) or copolymers of DEDCQ-styrene (St) and DEDCQ-p-methoxystyrene (p-MeOSt) were formed spontaneously in chloroform containing acetic acid. All polymerizations occurred by a radical mechanism. High molecular weight polymers formed at low conversion. Radical homopolymerization of DEDCQ was promoted by ambient light or heat. DEDCQ-p-MeOSt copolymerizations yielded alternating copolymers, which formed rapidly relative to the DEDCQ homopolymers and copolymers (rich in styrene). All of these polymerizations are thought to begin with a bond forming mechanism and propagate by polyaddition. A new acceptor group substituted quinodimethane was synthesized, characterized and copolymerized with electron donating monomers. Oxidation of the dianion of α, α'-dicyano-α, α'-diphenyl-p-xylene yielded 45% 7,8-dicyano-7,8-diphenylquinodimethane. In solution this compound exists in both the trans and cis forms but forms a sharply melting crystalline solid. It was resistant to homopolymerization but did form low molecular weight copolymers with electron rich aromatic monomers.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.subjectPolymers.en_US
dc.subjectPolymerization.en_US
dc.subjectAlkenes.en_US
dc.subjectHydrocarbons.en_US
dc.titleSynthesis and polymerizations of nitrile substituted quinodimethanesen_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701107148en_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHall, H. K.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberGreen, G. D.en_US
dc.identifier.proquest8814212en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-22T17:36:08Z
html.description.abstractThe spontaneous polymerization behavior of an acceptor substituted quinodimethane was investigated. High molecular weight homopolymers of 7,8,-di(ethoxycarbonyl)-7,8-dicyanoquinodimethane (DEDCQ) or copolymers of DEDCQ-styrene (St) and DEDCQ-p-methoxystyrene (p-MeOSt) were formed spontaneously in chloroform containing acetic acid. All polymerizations occurred by a radical mechanism. High molecular weight polymers formed at low conversion. Radical homopolymerization of DEDCQ was promoted by ambient light or heat. DEDCQ-p-MeOSt copolymerizations yielded alternating copolymers, which formed rapidly relative to the DEDCQ homopolymers and copolymers (rich in styrene). All of these polymerizations are thought to begin with a bond forming mechanism and propagate by polyaddition. A new acceptor group substituted quinodimethane was synthesized, characterized and copolymerized with electron donating monomers. Oxidation of the dianion of α, α'-dicyano-α, α'-diphenyl-p-xylene yielded 45% 7,8-dicyano-7,8-diphenylquinodimethane. In solution this compound exists in both the trans and cis forms but forms a sharply melting crystalline solid. It was resistant to homopolymerization but did form low molecular weight copolymers with electron rich aromatic monomers.


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