Sex differences in bovine lipoprotein amplitude and its components during growth and development.
AuthorOchoa, Mario Fontes
AdvisorMarchello, John A.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThree (intact) Angus males and three females which were half-sibs and born within 21 days of each other were selected for this study. Each animal was bled and biopsied periodically from suckling calves to mature slaughter weights, to determine the qualitative composition of lipoproteins and to differentiate the lactate lipogenic activity of subcutaneous tissue during growth and development. At slaughtered, a sample of intramuscular adipose tissue was taken to determine the lactate lipogenic activity at this location. Two days later, one side of each carcass was separated into wholesale cuts. Each wholesale cut was dissected into separable bone and soft tissue and sampled for protein, lipid and moisture determinations. The elution profiles of lipoproteins were similar for all animals. Major peaks observed were (1) very low density (VLDL), (2) low density (LDL) and (3) high density lipoproteins (HDL). Triglycerides, cholesterol and protein were not significant (P < .05) between males and females for the VLDL. At one year of age, females had large (P < .05) amounts of protein for the HDL. In both groups of cattle, largest (P > .05) amounts of protein were greater in the HDL at 9 months of age. Profiles of HDL apoproteins at all ages showed that in both groups of cattle, a distinct band with a weight of about 28,000 was present representing apo-AI. Apo-protein components of pooled LDL fractions showed a protein which was unable to enter the acrylamide gel (7.5 – 20%) used. The component may represent apo-B with a molecular weight of about 250,000. The lactate lipogenic activity of subcutaneous adipose tissue was larger in the males and only significant (P < .05) at 9 months of age. The lipogenic activity was higher (P > .05) in the subcutaneous tissue when compared to the intramuscular tissue at slaughter. In both cases, males showed to use more (P > .05) lactate for fatty acid synthesis in intramuscular and subcutaneous tissue than the females. Magnitude of quality and yield for carcass traits were better for the males than females. Bone, meat and lean weights were significantly (P < .05) greater for the males, however, on a percentage basis per side weight, differences were eliminated. In addition, no significant (P > .05) effect was present between male and female wholesale and side carcass composition.
Degree ProgramNutritional Sciences