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dc.contributor.advisorHruby, Victor J.en_US
dc.contributor.authorKazmierski, Wieslaw Mieczyslaw.
dc.creatorKazmierski, Wieslaw Mieczyslaw.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-31T17:08:46Z
dc.date.available2011-10-31T17:08:46Z
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/184454
dc.description.abstractThere is a dogma in molecular biology that biological functions of peptides are determined by their structure ("function" code), coded in their primary structure ("structure" code). This work describes a new approach that attempts to elucidate these relationships by peptide topology design based on intriguing conformational properties of pipecolic acid based amino acids--like 1,2,3,4 tetrahydroisoquinoline (Tic). Opioid peptides, owing to the heterogeneity of opioid receptors, display a wide variety of physiological actions. The mu opioid receptor selective octapeptide I (D-Tic-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH₂) is a model compound for topographical modifications induced by sequential substitutions by Tic residue. Thus, the closely related peptides I and II (Gly-D-Tic-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH₂, obtained by coupling Gly residue to I) have contrasting affinities for the mu opioid receptor (IC₅₀ = 1.2 and 278 nM, respectively). Conformational analysis of I and II by means of 1D and 2D ¹H NMR spectroscopy allowed to determine dramatic differences in the side chain orientation of D-Tic in both peptides and to propose features of the bioactive conformation. The extended conformation of I (due to g(-) side chain conformation of D-Tic) is well recognized by the mu receptor in contrast to the folded conformation of II (due to a g(+) side chain conformation of D-Tic¹, that places the aromatic ring on the opposite side of the molecule), which is not. Peptide III (D-Phe-Cys-Tic-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH₂), featuring replacement of Tyr³ by Tic³, binds very weakly to the mu opioid receptor, due to rotation of the Tic aromatic side chain to the opposite side of the molecule (Tic side chain is in a g(+) conformation again). As these substitutions conserve the conformation of the backbone, constrained cyclic amino acids (picolic acid derivatives) can modify the topography of the peptide in a predictable manner, and (in conjunction with biological data) disclose structural elements of bioactive conformations. The mechanisms of pipecolic acid side chain rotamer selection, will be discussed in the context of design principles.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.subjectCyclic peptides -- Synthesis.en_US
dc.subjectProton magnetic resonance.en_US
dc.subjectOpioids -- Receptors.en_US
dc.subjectStructure-activity relationships (Biochemistry)en_US
dc.titleSynthesis and hydrogen-1 NMR conformational analysis of potent and mu opioid receptor selective cyclic peptides: Topographical design utilizing a conformationally stable template.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701322815en_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMash, Eugene A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBates, Robert B.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBarfield, Michaelen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberVemulapalli, Krishnaen_US
dc.identifier.proquest8822425en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineChemistryen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-05-17T23:17:06Z
html.description.abstractThere is a dogma in molecular biology that biological functions of peptides are determined by their structure ("function" code), coded in their primary structure ("structure" code). This work describes a new approach that attempts to elucidate these relationships by peptide topology design based on intriguing conformational properties of pipecolic acid based amino acids--like 1,2,3,4 tetrahydroisoquinoline (Tic). Opioid peptides, owing to the heterogeneity of opioid receptors, display a wide variety of physiological actions. The mu opioid receptor selective octapeptide I (D-Tic-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH₂) is a model compound for topographical modifications induced by sequential substitutions by Tic residue. Thus, the closely related peptides I and II (Gly-D-Tic-Cys-Tyr-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH₂, obtained by coupling Gly residue to I) have contrasting affinities for the mu opioid receptor (IC₅₀ = 1.2 and 278 nM, respectively). Conformational analysis of I and II by means of 1D and 2D ¹H NMR spectroscopy allowed to determine dramatic differences in the side chain orientation of D-Tic in both peptides and to propose features of the bioactive conformation. The extended conformation of I (due to g(-) side chain conformation of D-Tic) is well recognized by the mu receptor in contrast to the folded conformation of II (due to a g(+) side chain conformation of D-Tic¹, that places the aromatic ring on the opposite side of the molecule), which is not. Peptide III (D-Phe-Cys-Tic-D-Trp-Orn-Thr-Pen-Thr-NH₂), featuring replacement of Tyr³ by Tic³, binds very weakly to the mu opioid receptor, due to rotation of the Tic aromatic side chain to the opposite side of the molecule (Tic side chain is in a g(+) conformation again). As these substitutions conserve the conformation of the backbone, constrained cyclic amino acids (picolic acid derivatives) can modify the topography of the peptide in a predictable manner, and (in conjunction with biological data) disclose structural elements of bioactive conformations. The mechanisms of pipecolic acid side chain rotamer selection, will be discussed in the context of design principles.


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