A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ARIZONA STATE RETIREMENT SYSTEM AND OTHER WESTERN STATES' RETIREMENT SYSTEMS.
AuthorGOETTSCH, SHIRLEY BLANSCET.
KeywordsArizona State Retirement System.
Civil service -- Pensions -- Arizona.
Civil service -- Pensions -- West (U.S.)
Retirement -- Arizona.
Retirement -- West (U.S.)
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe main purpose of this study was to determine whether there were significant differences in the Arizona State Retirement System when compared with Systems in Alaska, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, and Washington. To provide perspective, it was necessary to review the literature of public employees and teacher retirement systems as presented by authorities in the field. Major categories were selected for purposes of comparison. As the categories were analyzed and conclusions were reached, recommendations for action and for further research were made. The findings indicated that the Arizona State Retirement System had a higher over-all cost and provided fewer and less costly benefits than the majority of the other Retirement Systems studied. The recommendations included the standardization of information, formation of a coalition of members, and a separate study commission of Legislative and public members. Improvement of benefits and/or the decrease of dollar amounts necessary for the continued sound and equitable operation of the Arizona State Retirement System were also recommended.
Degree ProgramSecondary Education
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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Health Shocks in Patients with Cancer: A Longitudinal Analysis of Financial and Retirement Trends Using the Health and Retirement StudySkrepnek, Grant H.; Gilligan, Adrienne M.; Slack, Marion K.; Armstrong, Edward P.; Abraham, Ivo; Roe, Denise; Skrepnek, Grant H. (The University of Arizona., 2013)Objectives: Evaluate the association of cancer on net worth, consumer debt, mortgage debt, home equity and changes in retirement trends. Methods: Data from the Health and Retirement Study from 1998-2010 was used. Persons had to have a diagnosis of cancer. The index date was the corresponding HRS wave of the year of the first diagnosis of cancer. The pre-index date was 2 years and a 2-year and 4-year post index was observed. Primary outcomes of interest were zero/negative net worth and net worth. Multiple logistic regression was used to test for the association between demographic, economic, human capital, and cancer-related variables on outcomes. Generalized linear models were conducted to assess the association of cancer on net worth, consumer debt, mortgage debt, and home equity. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to assess the association of cancer on retirement. Results: A total of 6,055,110 individuals (weighted) qualified. The majority of patients in this sample were male (53.8%), non-Hispanic (95.5%), and white (90.3%). Marital status (p<0.05), alcohol consumption (p=0.046), hypertension (p = 0.034), private insurance (p=0.001), cancer status (p<0.001), and cancer treatment (p=0.022) were significant predictors of zero/negative net worth 4-years after cancer diagnosis. Patients receiving treatment for their cancer were 71% more likely to have consumer debt 4-years post diagnosis (p=0.006). Patients who reported their cancer improving 4-years post diagnosis were significantly less likely (p=0.008) to have consumer debt (OR=0.59; 95%CI: 0.41-0.87). Cancer treatment and cancer status were significant predictors of mortgage debt (p<0.001 and 0.024, respectively). For individuals whose cancer either improved (OR=1.46; 95%CI: 1.04-2.06) or worsened (OR=4.09; 95%CI: 1.38-12.15), both groups were significantly more likely (p=0.030 and 0.011, respectively) to have home equity 4-years post diagnosis. Cancer status was a significant predictor of individuals transitioning from working to retired (p=0.022).Conclusion: This nationally representative investigation of 6.1 million patients over 50 years of age with cancer found that approximately 65% of cancer patients reported zero/negative net worth of cancer and almost 45% of cancer patients reported consumer debt four-years post diagnosis. Cancer-related characteristics explain a significant amount of the change in net worth four-years post diagnosis of cancer.
An analysis of the effects of retiring irrigation pumpage in the San Pedro riparian national conservation area, Cochise county, ArizonaSharma, Vandana; Nish, Robert D. Mac; Maddock, Thomas, III; Department of Hydrology & Water Resources, The University of Arizona; Arizona Research Laboratory for Riparian Studies (Department of Hydrology and Water Resources, University of Arizona (Tucson, AZ), 2000)A seasonal groundwater model was developed to simulate fluxes and head distributions with periodic boundary conditions within the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area (SPRNCA) in southeastern Arizona. This model incorporated a seasonal approach for the period 1940-1995. Two years were used to simulate streamflow, 1990 and 1995. The model, as currently calibrated, does not accurately reproduce observed baseflow conditions in the San Pedro River and simulates an exaggerated effect of retiring irrigation within the SPRNCA. The model simulated increased baseflows while the observed baseflows declined at the USGS Charleston stream gage, though increases in baseflow contributions between Hereford Bridge and Lewis Springs have been reported. The original (Corell, et al., 1996) model and the seasonal transient model suffer from over- estimation of discharge from the floodplain aquifer to the San Pedro river, as well as errors in the seasonal transient model's simulation of riparian ET, and seasonal variations in stream conductance. These problems precluded the seasonal transient model from replicating the observed baseflows in the San Pedro river at the Charleston bridge, however, the results of the simulation are thought to be qualitatively indicative of changes in the flow system resulting from the retirement of irrigated agriculture in the San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area. Possible sources for this problem include replacement of irrigation stresses by the expansion of cones of depression more distant from the river, overestimation of mountain front recharge, poor baseflow estimates and evapotransipration calculations from the stream gages at Charleston and Palominas, and the effects of a recently discovered silt -clay body that may dampen the speed of the rivers response to changes in stress. Additional efforts to re- calibrate the model, taking these areas into account, should provide better simulated baseflow values of the observed data.