Electrochemical and structural studies of one-dimensional copper charge transfer complexes.
AuthorPyrka, Gloria Jean.
KeywordsCopper compounds -- Structure.
Copper compounds -- Spectra.
Complex compounds -- Structure.
Complex compounds -- Spectra.
Complex compounds -- Electric properties.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThe electrochemistry of solid electrodes of charge transfer complexes of tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ) and copper complexes with nitrogen containing chelates, such and dipyridylamine (dpaH), bipyridyl (bpy) and 1,10-dimethyl-2,9-phenanthroline (dmp), has been investigated with cyclic voltammetry. Pressed pellet electrodes of these complexes exhibit a broad electrochemically stable region. The oxidative and reductive breakdown reactions involve solid state reactions into the bulk electrode. These materials also act as electron mediators for glucose oxidation in glucose oxidase modified electrodes. The structure of the model compound, copper(I)(dpaH)₂Cl has been determined to have a distorted tetrahedral coordination sphere. The electrochemistry of solid electrodes of charge transfer complexes of tetrathiafulvalene (TTF) with copper chloride and copper bromide has been investigated with cyclic voltammetry. Pressed pellet electrodes do not exhibit a broad stable region, as do the TCNQ complexes. A preliminary structure of the organic part of tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene copper chloride has been determined from the solution of the Patterson function and exhibits a displacive modulation with a repeat unit of seven TMTSF molecules. (TTF)(SCN)₀ͺ₆₆ and (TTF)Cu(SCN)₂ have been investigated by infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. (TTF)(SCN)₀ͺ₆₆ crystallized in a tetragonal space group with a disordered column of thiocyanate anions. (TTF)Cu(SCN)₂ is an insulator with a two-dimensional network of Cu(SCN)₂⁻ ions. X-ray crystal structures of four compounds prepared in association with copper complex chemistry have been determined; (1) 5,5'-dibromo-2,2'-bithiophene, (2) 3,5,5'-tribromo-2,2'-bithiophene, (3) Cu(dmp)(CN)₂ ⁻ · Bu₄N⁺ and (4) the 1:2 adduct of dimercaptosuccinic acid and dimethylformamide.
Degree GrantorUniversity of Arizona
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CATALYTIC OXIDATION OF SULFUR COMPOUNDS. SYNTHETIC, STRUCTURAL, AND THEORETICAL STUDIES OF MOLYBDENUM AND TUNGSTEN COMPLEXES.CHANDLER, TRAVIS. (The University of Arizona., 1983)The electronic structures and bonding interactions in the syn and anti isomers of Mo₂S₄(edt)₂²⁻ (edt = ethanedithiolato, (SCH₂CH₂S)²⁻) were examined and compared through Fenske-Hall and extended Huckel molecular orbital calculations. The electronic structures of a hypothetical closed isomer and the fragment MoS₃(edt)³⁻ were calculated as well. A molybdenum-molybdenum bonding interaction accounts for the diamagnetism of the complexes and is important in determining the relative stabilities of the isomers (syn > closed > anti). The structure of the syn isomer of (P(C₆H₅)₄)₂W₂S₄(edt)₂ was determined by X-ray crystallography. The compound crystallizes in the space group P2₁/n with a = 16.126(7)A, b = 25.03(1)A, c = 13.021(6)A, β = 101.73(4)°, and Z = 4. The calculated and observed densities are 1.755 and 1.757 g cm⁻³. Full-matrix least squares refinement of the 7414 data with Fₒ² > 3σ(Fₒ²) gave R = 0.039 and R(w) = 0.046. Each tungsten atom is ligated by five sulfur atoms in approximate tetragonal-pyramidal geometry. The W-W distance is 2.862(1)A, indicating a metal-metal bond. The average W-S(terminal) distance is 2.144(2)A, the average W-S(bridging) is 2.328(2)A, and the average W-S(edt) distance is 2.404(2)A. A variety of sulfur compounds, including hydrogen sulfide, aromatic and aliphatic thiols, cysteine, and bisulfite reduced MoO(TTP)OR, oxoalkoxotetratolylporphinatomolybdenum(V) (R = H, CH₃, C₂H₅, C₅H₁₁, MoO(TTP)), to the corresponding Mo(IV) species, MoO(TTP). The kinetics of the redox reaction between MoO(TTP)OC₂H₅ and RSH (R = C₂H₅, C₆H₅) were monitored at ambient temperature. The rate law d(Mo(IV))/dt = k₂(Mo(V))(RSH), with k₂ = 8.0 x 10⁻¹³ M⁻¹sec⁻¹ for C₂H₅SH and k₂ = 8.2 M⁻¹sec⁻¹ for C₆H₅SH describes the kinetic data. Sulfur compounds also reduced MoO₂(TTP). The kinetics of the redox reaction of the novel compound MoO(TTP)HSO₃ were monitored in chloroform solution at ambient temperature. The rate law d(Mo(IV))/dt = k₂(Mo(V))² with k₂ = 3.4 x 10² M⁻¹sec⁻¹ describes the kinetic data. Oxidation of MoO(TTP) to Mo(V) occurs in the presence of air. Oxidation catalysis by oxomolybdenum porphyrins was demonstrated for the substrates C₂H₅SH, C₆H₅SH, and HSO₃⁻. Mechanisms for these reactions are proposed.