Characterization of photoinduced gratings in optical glass fibers.
AdvisorStegeman, George I.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThe properties of photo-induced gratings in germania doped glass fibers were studied. Permanent phase gratings in a fiber core were fabricated by the mixing of two contra propagating waves. Experiments are described and results are presented which show that the strength of a photoinduced grating is strongly dependent on the writing power as well as the laser writing wavelength. A rigorous development of linear coupled mode theory for the contra propagation geometry is given and used to model the experimentally observed grating responses as a function of fine tuning frequency of probing light. Measurements have been done of the amplitude and phase response of the grating structure and compared with theoretical models of uniform and chirped gratings. The theoretically predicted negative group velocity dispersion in fiber grating was observed interferometrically and described in detail. The nonlinear coupled mode theory has been fully implemented in a computer program and some numerical results are given in the second part of this thesis. The dynamics of a pulse propagating in the fiber grating is simulated and the results show its dependence on pulse energy, frequency detuning, and the type of grating geometry. A limitation is found in the dispersion property of a constant amplitude fiber grating so that the pulse compression ratio and the width of a compressible pulse is strictly limited to ≅250 picoseconds.
Degree ProgramOptical Sciences