THE ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE OF ORGANOMETALLIC CARBONYL, NITROSYL, THIONITROSYL, AND CYANIDE COMPLEXES BY GAS PHASE X-RAY AND ULTRAVIOLET PHOTOELECTRON SPECTROSCOPY.
AuthorHUBBARD, JOHN LEE.
Ligand field theory.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractTransition metal-ligand interactions in several groups of closely related organometallic complexes are discussed from the results of both valence and core photoelectron experiments. Particular attention is given to the novel experimental aspects, including a charged particle oscillator He II source, sample introduction and containment, and data collection and spectral analysis procedures not normally associated with gas phase photo-electron spectroscopy. The application of the ionization experiments begins with a reassessment of the bonding in the group VIb metal hexacarbonyls. He I ionization data of unprecedented quality for the predominantly metal d t₂g level of Cr(CO)₆ and W(CO)₆ reveals for the first time the presence of metal-carbon vibrational fine structure. These positive ion M-C stretching frequencies are significantly reduced from neutral ground state values, giving direct evidence of the pi back-bonding nature of the t₂g level. The next chapter focuses on the comparison of the metal-nitrosyl interactions in the trans-X-W(CO)₄NO complexes to the isoelectronic/isostructural metal-carbonyl interactions in the X-Re(CO)₅ complexes (X = Cl,Br,I). A further comparison of carbonyl and nitrosyl bonding, as well as the first photoelectron assessment of metal-thionitrosyl bonding, is addressed in the next chapter by comparing the valence and core ionization data for CpCr(CO)₂NO and CpCr(CO)₂NS (Sp = η⁵-C₅H₅) to the data reported earlier for CpMn(CO)₃ and CpMn(CO)₂CS. The final chapter of the dissertation compares the electronic structure of the CpFe(CO)₂X complexes to their CpCr(NO)₂X analogs (X = Cl,Br,I,CH₃,CN). The essence of this work fully contrasts the Fe(CO)₂ and Cr(NO)₂ functional groups.