Characterization and evaluation of a photostimulable phosphor x ray imaging system.
AuthorYocky, David Alan.
KeywordsDiagnostic imaging -- Digital techniques.
Diagnosis, Radioscopic -- Equipment and supplies.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractThis dissertation presents the characterization and evaluation of a new radiological imaging modality, Toshiba Computed Radiography (TCR) 201. The characteristics of the TCR storage phosphor imaging plates such as energy-dependent x-ray quantum efficiency, stored signal decay, low exposure rate signal build-up, and spontaneous and stimulated gain measures are presented. The TCR 201 system is characterized by the signal transfer curve, the total root-mean-squared (rms) output noise, the signal-to-noise ratio, the modulation transfer function (MTF), its noise power spectrum (NPS), and the detective quantum efficiency (DQE). The system rms noise is photon-limited for exposures less than 1.0 mR, but has contributions from phosphor structure and quantization noise for exposures higher than 1.0 mR. The phosphor's information factor is shown to explain deviations from ideal photon-limited noise for exposures of less than 1.0 mR. The MTF of the system is measured for standard imaging plates, 10% at 2.8 lp/mm, and for high resolution imaging plates, 10% at 4.4 lp/mm. An expression for the NPS is statistically derived, and experimental measurements confirm the expression and show an increase in uncorrelated noise power above 1.0 mR which is consistent with rms measurements. Expressions for the DQE are presented. A psychophysical study is performed to directly compare the TCR to film/screen combinations in imaging low-contrast objects. The results of this study show the TCR provides better images for detectability as a function of exposure. Also, the use of the TCR 201 as a two dimensional dosimeter and in single-shot dual energy subtraction is presented.
Degree ProgramOptical Sciences