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dc.contributor.advisorPinnas, Jacoben_US
dc.contributor.authorHamawy, Majed Mahmood.
dc.creatorHamawy, Majed Mahmood.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-10-31T17:12:47Z
dc.date.available2011-10-31T17:12:47Z
dc.date.issued1988en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10150/184590
dc.description.abstractThe major objective of this project was to examine the potential for mediators of IgE-mediated allergic reactions to alter neural activity. The project was divided into three parts. In Part I, the ability of endogenously released chemical mediators to alter neural activity in vitro was assessed by measuring isometric contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) (2-128 Hz, 20 V, 0.5 msec. duration) of sensitized rabbit bronchi before and after exposure to the antigen horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Antigen enhanced bronchial responses to EFS with low frequencies: mean log (± S.E.) frequency which produced 20% of maximum response decreased from 1.04 (± 0.05) to 0.90 (± 0.07) Hz (p < 0.05). Responses of unsensitized bronchi were not enhanced by antigen. Chlorpheniramine, an H₁ antagonist, abolished the antigen effect. Antigen did not enhance the responses to exogenous acetylcholine. Hence, the antigen is apparently modulating neural activity and not smooth muscle per se. In Part II, the capacity for histamine to modulate vagally-induced bronchoconstriction in anesthetized, vagotomized, mechanically-ventilated rabbits was examined in vivo. Changes in pulmonary resistance induced by electrically stimulating the cut ends of the vagi (2-32 Hz, 20 V, 0.5 msec. duration) were assessed before and 10 minutes after histamine aerosolization (10 breaths of 10 mg/ml). Histamine inhalation potentiated vagally-induced bronchoconstriction at low frequencies: mean log (± S.E.) frequency producing a 20% change in pulmonary resistance decreased from 0.88 (± 0.09) to 0.56 (± 0.15) (p < 0.05). Chlorpheniramine abolished this effect. In Part III, the dependence on IgE antibodies of the in vitro modulation of neurally-induced contraction of sensitized bronchi was investigated. Rabbits were passively immunized with fractions enriched with HRP-specific IgE, IgG, or IgM antibodies. After 72 hours, rabbits were sacrificed and the responses of bronchi to EFS were assessed before and after antigen challenge. Antigen enhanced the responses to EFS only of bronchi passively sensitized with IgE. Therefore, antigen enhancement of neural activity was dependent on IgE. These studies demonstrate that the interaction between antigen and IgE antibodies can induce the release of chemical mediators which can alter neural activity.
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherThe University of Arizona.en_US
dc.rightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.en_US
dc.subjectInflammation -- Mediators.en_US
dc.subjectRespiratory allergy.en_US
dc.subjectAntigens.en_US
dc.subjectBronchial spasm.en_US
dc.titleAntigen induced modulation of autonomic nervous system responses in immunoglobulin-E - sensitized rabbit lung.en_US
dc.typetexten_US
dc.typeDissertation-Reproduction (electronic)en_US
dc.identifier.oclc701901751en_US
thesis.degree.grantorUniversity of Arizonaen_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberHalonen, Marilynen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberYocum, Daviden_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPalmer, Johnen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberKreulen, Daviden_US
dc.identifier.proquest8907402en_US
thesis.degree.disciplineMicrobiology and Immunologyen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineGraduate Collegeen_US
thesis.degree.namePh.D.en_US
refterms.dateFOA2018-08-19T14:48:45Z
html.description.abstractThe major objective of this project was to examine the potential for mediators of IgE-mediated allergic reactions to alter neural activity. The project was divided into three parts. In Part I, the ability of endogenously released chemical mediators to alter neural activity in vitro was assessed by measuring isometric contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) (2-128 Hz, 20 V, 0.5 msec. duration) of sensitized rabbit bronchi before and after exposure to the antigen horseradish peroxidase (HRP). Antigen enhanced bronchial responses to EFS with low frequencies: mean log (± S.E.) frequency which produced 20% of maximum response decreased from 1.04 (± 0.05) to 0.90 (± 0.07) Hz (p < 0.05). Responses of unsensitized bronchi were not enhanced by antigen. Chlorpheniramine, an H₁ antagonist, abolished the antigen effect. Antigen did not enhance the responses to exogenous acetylcholine. Hence, the antigen is apparently modulating neural activity and not smooth muscle per se. In Part II, the capacity for histamine to modulate vagally-induced bronchoconstriction in anesthetized, vagotomized, mechanically-ventilated rabbits was examined in vivo. Changes in pulmonary resistance induced by electrically stimulating the cut ends of the vagi (2-32 Hz, 20 V, 0.5 msec. duration) were assessed before and 10 minutes after histamine aerosolization (10 breaths of 10 mg/ml). Histamine inhalation potentiated vagally-induced bronchoconstriction at low frequencies: mean log (± S.E.) frequency producing a 20% change in pulmonary resistance decreased from 0.88 (± 0.09) to 0.56 (± 0.15) (p < 0.05). Chlorpheniramine abolished this effect. In Part III, the dependence on IgE antibodies of the in vitro modulation of neurally-induced contraction of sensitized bronchi was investigated. Rabbits were passively immunized with fractions enriched with HRP-specific IgE, IgG, or IgM antibodies. After 72 hours, rabbits were sacrificed and the responses of bronchi to EFS were assessed before and after antigen challenge. Antigen enhanced the responses to EFS only of bronchi passively sensitized with IgE. Therefore, antigen enhancement of neural activity was dependent on IgE. These studies demonstrate that the interaction between antigen and IgE antibodies can induce the release of chemical mediators which can alter neural activity.


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