Copper deficiency-induced hypercholesterolemia: In vivo catabolism of high density lipoprotein cholesteryl ester and protein moities in the rat.
AuthorCarr, Timothy Perry.
KeywordsHypercholesteremia -- Nutritional aspects.
Copper in animal nutrition.
High density lipoproteins -- Metabolism.
Hypocupremia -- Complications.
AdvisorLei, K. Y.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractTwo studies were conducted to determine how HDL cholesteryl ester and apoprotein catabolism might contribute to the observed hypercholesterolemia of copper-deficient rats. Weanling male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two dietary treatments; copper-adequate (control, 5-7 mg Cu/kg diet) and copper-deficient (0.6-0.8 mg Cu/kg diet). Deionized water and diet were provided ad libitum. Dietary copper deficiency resulted in enlarged intravascular pools of HDL cholesteryl esters and total protein. HDL were isolated from rats of both treatment groups, radiolabeled, and injected into animals of the respective groups. In Study I, HDL apoproteins were labeled by iodination, whereas HDL in Study II were doubly labeled by additionally incorporating into the particle core [³H]cholesteryl linoleyl ether, which served as a nondegradable analog of HDL cholesteryl ester. At specific time intervals up to 12 hours after injection, blood and tissue samples were removed and analyzed for radioactivity. Plasma disappearance curves indicated that HDL cholesteryl esters were preferentially catabolized 1.6-fold faster than HDL protein in controls and 2.5-fold faster in copper-deficient animals. Clearance of individual apoproteins did not occur at significantly different rates in either treatment group. Absolute mass removal of HDL cholesteryl ester and total protein from the plasma was significantly increased in copper-deficient rats. Virtually all of the increased removal of HDL cholesteryl ester was attributed to the liver, whereas most of the increased uptake of HDL protein was attributed to the bulk tissues and not the liver. Since previous studies indicate that copper deficiency may not result in increased cholesterol excretion, these data suggest that cholesteryl esters delivered to the liver of copper-deficient rats are possibly reassembled into new HDL particles at an increased rate. The observed hypercholesterolemia in this animal model, then, appears to be the result of an imbalance in the net flux of cholesterol between the tissues and the plasma.
Degree ProgramNutritional Sciences