Phosphorus fractions, movement and fertilizer requirements of grapes grown on White House soil.
AuthorJanat, Mohamad Mussaddak.
AdvisorStroehlein, Jack L.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractA two-year fertilizer study on a mature vineyard of Vita vinifera, C. V. Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon blanc, has been conducted on White House sandy loam (fine, mixed, thermic Ustollic Haplargid), at Page Ranch, International Agricultural Center. Furthermore, eleven different varieties grown at Page Ranch and treated with different levels of nitrogen fertilizer were tested for total P content in plant tissue and NO₃-N. Moreover, in another site with similar soil, a Cabernet Sauvignon grown at the Vina Sonoita Vineyard was treated with both soil and foliar applications of P fertilizer, and was tested for total P content in plant tissue. Soil phosphorus (P) fractions of the White House soil were determined in order to evaluate the various forms of soil P and determine the most important form which contributes most to the availability index. The objectives of this study were to study the various inorganic P forms of White House soil, compare two methods of extracting available P (Olsen and Bray P.), and examine the relationships between soil pH, extractable Al, Fe, Mn, and Zn with the availability index of soil P. Furthermore, the effect of P rates and placement on the P status of plant tissue, grape yield, wine quality and petiole-P to blade-P ratio had been investigated. Three different placements of surface, 25 and 50 cm depth at rates of 88 g of P and 80 g of N per vine, were in RCB design in 1987. In 1988, three P rates of 0, 88, and 176 g of P and 207.5 g N per vine, and the two mentioned varieties CS and SB were arranged in RCB design with factorial type. The results showed that placements did not have a significant effect of P status in plant tissue and grape yield. Yet grapes showed a significant response to P fertilizer in terms of increasing P content in plant tissues and grape yield. Petiole P to Blade P ratios were calculated for the CS, and SB grown at Page Ranch, as well as for CS grown at Sonoita vineyard. This ratio is a good indicator for diagnosis of P status in a given vineyard. Nitrogen stress had its clear and profound effect on P content of grape petioles.
Degree ProgramSoil and Water Science