Immunoelectron-microscopic localization of antigenic sites of Cryptosporidium parvum and an assessment of the role of monoclonal antibodies and hyperimmune bovine colostrum in controlling cryptosporidiosis.
AuthorCho, Myung Hwan.
KeywordsCryptosporidiosis -- Immunological aspects
Binding sites (Biochemistry)
AdvisorSterling, Charles R.
MetadataShow full item record
PublisherThe University of Arizona.
RightsCopyright © is held by the author. Digital access to this material is made possible by the University Libraries, University of Arizona. Further transmission, reproduction or presentation (such as public display or performance) of protected items is prohibited except with permission of the author.
AbstractTo determine the antigenic relatedness of the different developmental stages of Cryptosporidium parvum, monoclonal IgG3 antibody (mAb), Cmg-3, was produced by immunizing mice with partially purified merozoites. The monoclonal Cmg-3 reacted with a 3.5 kDa antigen of sporozoites in western blots and appeared to react with cell surface antigens of air-dried merozoites and sporozoites using immunofluorescence (IF). Additional mAbs, C6B6 (IgG1) and C4A1 (IgM), which react with a 20 kDa and multiple sporozoite antigens, respectively, were employed for immunoelectron microscopic studies with Cmg-3. These mAbs showed similar (surface/cytoplasmic) immunoelectron microscopic colloidal gold labeling patterns with all C. parvum life cycle stages. The three mAbs were also examined for potential modulation of cryptosporidial infections in vivo by daily oral mAb administration to oocyst-inoculated neonatal mice. Monoclonal-treated neonatal mice were sacrificed four and eight days post infection (pi). Differences in infection rates were observed among the treatment groups (p < .05). Suckling mice treated daily with orally administered mixtures of mAbs (ascitic fluids) showed significantly reduced parasite loads compared to control mice at four and eight days pi, while suckling mice receiving mAb Cmg-3 alone showed significant differences only at four days pi. Passive transfer of immunity using hyperimmune bovine colostrum was performed to determine the therapeutic and prophylactic efficacy of daily oral administration of anti-C. parvum antibody on the manifestation of cryptosporidial disease in neonatal mice as a model for treating cryptosporidiosis in immunocompromised patients. Hyperimmune colostrum was found to provide therapeutic and prophylactic efficacy against cryptosporidiosis in neonatal mice. Significantly fewer (p < 0.05) stages of C. parvum were found in mice that received hyperimmune skim colostrum (HSC) or hyperimmune original colostrum (HC) than in those treated with control colostrum (CC) or saline. Using IF, antigen-specific IgG in HSC and HC to C. parvum was 35 times greater than that of CC. There was no significant difference between groups treated with HSC or HC (p < .05), which suggests that the immunoglobulins, other biologically active factors such as cytokines, or both, might be active factors of immunity against cryptosporidiosis.
Degree ProgramMicrobiology and Immunology