MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC DYNAMOS IN THE PRESENCE OF FOSSIL MAGNETIC FIELDS.
AuthorBOYER, DARRYL WILLIAM.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractA fossil magnetic field embedded in the radiative core of the Sun has been thought possible for some time now. However, such a fossil magnetic field has, a priori, not been considered a visible phenomenon due to the effects of turbulence in the solar convection zone. Since a well developed theory (referred to herein as magnetohydrodynamic dynamo theory) exists for describing the regeneration of magnetic fields in astrophysical objects like the Sun, it is possible to quantitatively evaluate the interaction of a fossil magnetic field with the magnetohydrodynamic dynamo operating in the solar convection zone. In this work, after a brief description of the basic dynamo equations, a spherical model calculation of the solar dynamo is introduced. First, we calculate the interaction of a fossil magnetic field with a dynamo in which the regeneration mechanisms of cyclonic convection and large-scale, nonuniform rotation are confined to spherical shells. It is argued that the amount of amplification or suppression of a fossil magnetic field will be smallest for a uniform distribution of cyclonic convection and nonuniform rotation, as expected in the Sun. Secondly, we calculate the interaction of a fossil magnetic field with a dynamo having a uniform distribution of cyclonic convection and large-scale, nonuniform rotation. We find that the dipole or quadrupole moments of a fossil magnetic field are suppressed by factors of -0.35 and -0.37, respectively. The dynamo modified fossil field, superimposed on the theoretically calculated magnetic fields of the solar magnetic cycle, are compared with the actual sunspot cycle and solar magnetic fields as observed by others, indicating that a fossil magnetic field may be responsible for asymmetries in the sunspot cycle and an observed solar magnetic quadrupole moment. Further observations and reduction of the data are required before the presence of a fossil magnetic field can be established. A discussion is given of the implications for the Sun if a fossil magnetic field is observed and identified. It is considered most likely that a fossil magnetic field would be a remnant of the possible Hayashi phase of a fully convective, protosun. Other possibilities also exist.