Advisorde Laix, Roger A.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractIn this dissertation Athenian inscriptions, granted during the fifth and fourth centuries down to the death of Alexander the Great, are analyzed. The evidence includes grants of citizenship, proxenia, epimeleia, enktesis, ateleia, and isoteleia to deserving foreigners. During the fifth century, Athens used these grants, particularly the proxenia, as one means to keep her predominant position in Greece. Other honors were also used for this purpose, such as the offer of protection, and to some degree citizenship honors. In their domestic affairs, Athenians used enktesis, ateleia, and isoteleia as rewards, especially for resident aliens. According to epigraphic evidence, the ateleia and isoteleia decrees show no increase during the fourth century, while the greatest number of proxeny decrees were passed from 353 to 323 B.C. Although honorary decrees were awarded liberally during this time, there was no steady increase from the fifth century down to 323 B.C. During the period from 399 to 354, the number of extant honorary decrees is rather small. Particular attention is paid to an analysis of the development of each honor, the identification of the individuals involved, and their relation to the Athenian people.