Neural network-based approaches to controller design for robot manipulators.
AdvisorSundareshan, Malur K.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThis dissertation is concerned with the development of neural network-based methods to the control of robot manipulators and focusses on three different approaches for this purpose. In the first approach, an implementation of an intelligent adaptive control strategy in the execution of complex trajectory tracking tasks by using multilayer neural networks is demonstrated by exploiting the pattern classification capability of these nets. The network training is provided by a rule-based controller which is programmed to switch an appropriate adaptive control algorithm for each component type of motion constituting the overall trajectory tracking task. The second approach is based on the capability of trained neural networks for approximating input-output mappings. The use of dynamical networks with recurrent connections and efficient supervised training policies for the identification and adaptive control of a nonlinear process are discussed and a decentralized adaptive control strategy for a class of nonlinear dynamical systems with specific application to robotic manipulators is presented. An effective integration of the modelling of inverse dynamics property of neural nets with the robustness to unknown disturbances property of variable structure control systems is considered as the third approach. This methodology yields a viable procedure for selecting the control parameters adaptively and for designing a model-following adaptive control scheme for a class of nonlinear dynamical systems with application to robot manipulators.
Degree ProgramElectrical and Computer Engineering