Perceptions of components of the special education system in Korea.
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PublisherThe University of Arizona.
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AbstractThis study surveyed the perceptions of educators in Korean special schools regarding the current status and issues in eight components of the special education system. The eight components of a special education system selected were: philosophy and fundamental practices, identification and evaluation, instruction and related services, personnel, parents and the public, organization, funding, and facilities. A survey instrument was used to obtain information from 70 principals and 192 teachers, with a response rate of 58 (83%) and 156 (81%), respectively. A mean score of responses to each questionnaire item in each component of the special education system was calculated to rate the perceptions of all subjects. The perceptions of special educators were negative toward the status of special education in many items of eight components of the system. The ratings were compared using a t-test or analysis of variance to analyze statistical differences by such variables as position of special educator (principal and teacher), foundation of special school (public and private), and disability areas of special educator (visual, hearing, mental, and physical impairments). The ratings of special educators on the eight system components were statistically significant in four components, according to the foundation of the special schools. As a whole, the perceptions of special educators did not reveal many significant differences by the variables of position and disability specialty areas. Critical issues to be resolved in the future were identified and discussed. Recommendations were made for future development of special education in Korea.
Degree ProgramSpecial Education and Rehabilitation